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Agaricus bernardii . Quél
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Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii

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Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii
Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii

Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii
Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii

Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii
Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii

Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii
Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii

Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii
Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii

Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii
Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii

Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii
Agaricus bernardii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Agaricus bernardii

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California Fungi—Agaricus bernardii Agaricus bernardii
(Photo: © Fred Stevens)

Agaricus bernardii Quélet
Clav. Syn. Hym. Europ. 89. 1878.

Common Name: none

  • Pileus

    Cap 7-16 cm broad, convex at first, margin incurved, becoming plane, disk frequently depressed at maturity; surface white, smooth, though typically with warts or cottony scales. Cap tissue turning reddish-orange when cut. Odor, of brine or iodine.

  • Lamellae

    Gills free, close, pinkish-tan becoming chocolate brown, finally blackish brown.

  • Stipe

    Stipe 4-7 cm long, 3-4.5 cm thick, smooth, narrower at base; veil membranous, sheathing the stipe base, forming a medial ring.

  • Spores

    Spores 5.5-7.0 x 5.5-6.5 µm, smooth elliptical. Spore print blackish-brown.

  • Habitat

    Found spring, summer and fall primarily in grassy areas, sandy soils, occasionally under Monterey cypress; gregarious sometimes forming arcs but rarely complete fairy-rings. In grass it often fruits with Agaricus californicus , A. arvensis , Marasmius oreades , and Leucoagaricus naucinus .

  • Edibility

    Edible Edible and excellent, although the briny taste deters some people.

  • Comments

    Agaricus bernardii is a short, stocky, white mushroom that resembles Agaricus bitorquis , even possessing a sheathing veil and a propensity for partial emergence. However, it can easily be told apart by the reddish-brown staining of cap and stipe tissue as well as its briny odor. Along the coast, particularly in sandy soils, Agaricus bernardii is considerably more common than A. bitorquis .

  • References

    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Kerrigan, R.W. (1986). The Agaricales (Gilled Fungi) of California. 6. Agaricaceae. Mad River Press: Eureka, CA. 62 p.
    Kerrigan, R.W. (2016). Agaricus of North America. New York Botanical Garden: Bronx, NY. 574 p.
    Sánchez, L.A.P. (2008). Agaricus L.; Allopsalliota Nauta & Bas; Tribu Agariceae S. Imai: Part 1. Edizioni Candusso: Alassio, Italy. 824 p.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo
    • Urban Mushrooms: Agaricus bernardii (D & CP)
    • Arora (1986): p. 322 (D)
    • Arora (1991): p. 119 (D & CP)
    • Kerrigan: p. 21 (D & CP)

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

The Fungi of California
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