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Sonchus arvensis L.
Sonchus arvensis subsp uliginosus auct, non (M Bieb) Nyman; Field sowthistle; Corn Spurry; Pickpurse; Sandweed; Yarr; Devil′s Gut

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Sonchus

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Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis

Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis

Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis

Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis

Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis

Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis

Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sonchus arvensis

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena helianthi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Calliopsis coloradensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Hyperomyzus lactucae @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (11)
Apidae  Bombus borealis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus fervidus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus impatiens @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Bombus rufocinctus @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus vagans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Epeolus tarsalis @ I_JDZ (1)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium compositarum @ BPI (1)

Coleosporium solidaginis @ BPI (6)

Coleosporium sonchi-arvensis @ BPI (8)

Coleosporium sonchi @ BPI (54)

Coleosporium vernoniae @ BPI (1)
Colletidae  Hylaeus illinoisensis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Hylaeus mesillae @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Hylaeus sp_affinis_or_modestus @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Dermateaceae  Marssonina sonchi @ BPI (3)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (14)
Halictidae  Augochlorella aurata @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Halictus confusus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus ligatus @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Lasioglossum coeruleum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum oblongum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (12); CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum viridatum @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Megachile centuncularis @ CUIC_ENT (4); AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile latimanus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile relativa @ CUIC_ENT (1); AMNH_BEE (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria modonia @ BPI (1)

Septoria sonchifolia @ BPI (11)
Peronosporaceae  Bremia lactucae @ BPI (6)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Stagonospora @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria sonchi @ BPI (1)

Pleospora bardanae @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Miyagia pseudosphaeria @ BPI (1)

Puccinia junci @ BPI (4); 079177B (1)

Puccinia littoralis @ BPI (5)

Puccinia opizii @ BPI (1)

Puccinia sonchi @ BPI (11)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium sonchi @ BPI (4)
_  Ascochyta sonchi @ BPI (2)

Uredo fulva @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 403 Forbidden http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=4&page=1071

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Asterales  
 Family Asteraceae  
 Genus Sonchus  
  Sonchus arvensis    L. 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Hieracium arvense Sonchoseris arvensis Sonchoseris decora Sonchus arvensis arvensis Sonchus arvensis tenggerensis Sonchus arvensis typicus Sonchus decorus Sonchus exaltatus Sonchus glandulosus Sonchus hantoniensis Sonchus hispidus details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 4: 1071, 1998; Wu, S.-H., C.-H. Hsieh and M. Rejmánek. 2004. Catalogue of the naturalized flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 49: 16-31.
Name Code: 202566
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)    Ethnobiota of Taiwan    Nature Campus  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
2010-02-27 U/L
2013-10-17 U/L
2013-10-17 U/L
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOAR2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOAR2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOAR2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOAR2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOAR2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOAR2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Sonchus arvensis L.
field sowthistle

General Information
Symbol: SOAR2
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   





Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Sonchus L. – sowthistle
Species Sonchus arvensis L. – field sowthistle

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Sonchus arvensis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Sonchus arvensis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
arvensis </i>
Sonchus arvensis ssp. arvensis
field sowthistle Distribution of <i>
Sonchus arvensis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
(M. Bieb.) Nyman
Sonchus arvensis ssp. uliginosus
moist sowthistle

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Alaska perennial sowthistle Noxious weed
Arizona perennial sowthistle Prohibited noxious weed
California perennial sowthistle A list (noxious weeds)
Colorado perennial sowthistle C list (noxious weeds)
Hawaii perennial sowthistle Noxious weed
Idaho perennial sowthistle Noxious weed
Illinois perennial sowthistle Noxious weed
Iowa perennial sowthistle Primary noxious weed
Michigan perennial sowthistle Noxious weed
Minnesota sowthistle Prohibited noxious weed
Nevada sowthistle Noxious weed
South Dakota perennial sowthistle Noxious weed perennial sowthistle Regulated non-native plant species
Wyoming perennial sowthistle Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Sonchus arvensis creeping sowthistle field sowthistle perennial sowthistle This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SOAR2)
CalPhotos (SOAR2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOAR2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SOAR2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SOAR2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (SOAR2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SOAR2)
University of Washington Burke Museum (SOAR2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SOAR2)
Related Websites
Canada-Manitoba Weeds (SOAR2)
NV-Extension Weed Wanted Posters (SOAR2)
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food: weed identification (SOAR2)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (SOAR2)
WA-King County Noxious Weeds (SOAR2)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 19, 20 and 21 | Asteraceae | Sonchus

1. Sonchus arvensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 793. 1753.

Field sow-thistle, laiteron des champs

Perennials, 0—150(—200) cm, usually rhizomatous or stoloni-ferous. Stem bases hard, some-times ± woody. Leaves: blades of mid cauline oblong to lanceolate, (3—)6—40 × 2—15 cm, bases auriculate, auricles straight or curved, rounded, margins usually pinnately lobed, lobes ± deltate, not constricted at bases, terminals usually larger than laterals, dentate or entire. Peduncles sessile- or stipitate-glandular. Involucres 10—17+ mm. Phyllaries sessile- or stipitate-glandular. Corollas: ligules ± equaling tubes. Cypselae dark brown, oblanceoloid to ellipsoid, 2.5—3.5 mm, ribs 4—5(+) on each face, faces transversely rugulose to tuberculate across and between ribs; pappi 8—14 mm. 2 n = 36, 54.

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora): introduced; Europe; introduced also in South America, Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia.

Sonchus arvensis is introduced in temperate regions of all continents. Plants of the species prefer relatively cooler, moister climates and are more abundant in the northern part of North America.

Updated: 2020-06-01 06:03:31 gmt
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