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Sinapis alba L.
Brassica alba L Rabenh; Brassica hirta Moench; Brassica alba (L) Rabenh; Leucosinapis alba (L) Spach

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Sinapis

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Sinapis alba, leaf and flower and fruit
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Sinapis alba, leaf and flower and fruit
Sinapis alba, flowers
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Sinapis alba, flowers

Sinapis alba, fruit
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Sinapis alba, fruit
Sinapis alba, fruit
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Sinapis alba, fruit

Sinapis alba, leaf
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Sinapis alba, leaf
Sinapis alba, branch
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Sinapis alba, branch

Sinapis alba, stem
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Sinapis alba, stem

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (4)
Andrenidae  Andrena candida @ UCRC_ENT (3)

Andrena cerasifolii @ UCRC_ENT (12)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (33)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Ophiobolus porphyrogonus @ BPI (2)

Ophiobolus rubellus @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia trabutii @ BPI (1)

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Sinapis alba L.
white mustard

Image of Sinapis alba

General Information
Symbol: SIAL5
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
GL   I
L48   I
PR   I
VI   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Sinapis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 191. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
BRAL7 Brassica alba Rabenh., non L.
BRHI2 Brassica hirta Moench


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Sinapis L. – mustard
Species Sinapis alba L. – white mustard

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Sinapis alba . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Sinapis alba</i>
L. ssp. <i>
(Lag.) Bonnier
Sinapis alba ssp. dissecta

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Michigan Sinapis
mustard Noxious weed

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FAC
North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SIAL5)
CalPhotos (SIAL5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BRAL7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BRHI2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SIAL5)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SIAL5)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SIAL5)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SIAL5)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SIAL5)
Related Websites
CA-Jepson Flora Project (SIAL5)
Canada-Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility (SIAL5)
Cornell University cover crops page for Fall mustards (SIAL5)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 440 , 442 , 443, 494 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Sinapis

1. Sinapis alba Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 668. 1753.

White mustard

Brassica alba (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst; B. hirta Moench; Rorippa coloradensis Stuckey

Plants usually hispid, rarely glabrous. Stems often branched distally, (0.15-)0.25-1(-2.2) dm. Basal leaves: petiole 1-3 (-6) cm; blade oblong, ovate, or lanceolate (in outline), (3.5-)5-14(-20) cm × 20-60(-80) mm, margins lyrate, pinnatifid, pinnatisect; lobes 1-3 each side, (oblong, ovate, or lanceolate, 1.5-2.5 cm), margins usually dentate or repand, rarely pinnatifid. Cauline leaves (distal) shortly petiolate; blade (ovate or oblong-ovate, 2-4.5 cm), margins coarsely dentate, rarely subentire. Fruiting pedicels divaricate, (3-)6-12(-17) mm. Flowers: sepals (3.8-)4-7(-8) × 1-1.8 mm; petals pale yellow, (7-)8-12(-14) × (3-)4-6(-7) mm; filaments (3-)4-7(-8) mm; anthers 1.2-1.5 mm. Fruits lanceolate, (1.5-)2-4.2(-5) cm × (2-)3-5.5(-6.5) mm; valvular segment terete or slightly flattened, (0.5-)0.7-1.7(-2) cm, 2-5-seeded per locule; terminal segment ensiform, flattened, (1-)1.5-2.5(-3) cm, equal to or longer than valves, seedless; valves hispid, trichomes of 2 types (subsetiform mixed with shorter, slender ones). Seeds pale yellow to pale brown, (1.7-)2-3(-3.5) mm diam. 2 n = 24.

Flowering Mar-Sep. Escape from cultivation, roadsides, waste places, disturbed areas, grain fields, cultivated areas, gardens, orchards; 0-1000 m; introduced; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; Eurasia; introduced also in Mexico, Central America, South America (Argentina), Europe, sw Asia, n Africa, Atlantic Islands.

Of the three subspecies of Sinapis alba recognized in European and North African floras, only subsp. alba is naturalized in the New World. This taxon is an important crop plant, and is occasionally reported as a weedy escape from cultivation. Its seeds are used for the manufacture of condiment mustard (see also 17. Brassica ), pickling spice, and production of oils for soap and mayonnaise, lubrication, and cooking (I. A. Al-Shehbaz 1985).

Updated: 2020-08-14 09:02:49 gmt
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