(K. Schumann) L. D. Benson, Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles). 38: 53. 1966.
Uinta Basin hookless cactus
K. Schumann, Gesamtbeschr. Kakt., 438. 1898;
(K. Schumann) N. P. Taylor;
(K. Schumann) Arp;
(Engelmann & J. M. Bigelow) Britton & Rose var.
(K. Schumann) S. L. Welsh
usually unbranched, cylindric to elongate cylindric, 3-12(-28) × 4-9 cm; ribs (8-)12-13(-15), tubercles evident on ribs.
slightly or not at all obscuring stems; radial spines (2-)6-8(-12) per areole, white, 0-17 mm; central spines 1-3(-5) per areole, sometimes not greatly different from radial spines; abaxial central spines 0-2 per areole, brown, reddish brown to black, straight (rarely curved or hooked), 12-26 × 0.8-1 mm; lateral central spines 2-4 per areole, similar to abaxial; adaxial central spine 1 per areole, usually white (rarely light brown), elliptic in cross section, 15-31 × 0.5-1.8 mm.
fragrant, funnelform (rarely campanulate), 3-5(-6) × (3-)4-5 cm; outer tepals with greenish lavender midstripes and pink margins, oblanceolate, 25-30 × 4-6 mm; inner tepals pink (rarely pale pink), oblanceolate to lanceolate, 24-30(-35) × 4-6 mm; filaments green to white; anthers yellow.
not regularly dehiscent, ovoid, barrel-shaped, 9-22(-30) × 8-12 mm, dry, with a few membranous scales, mostly near the apex.
black, 1.5 × 2.5 mm; testa with rounded papillae.
Flowering late Apr-May. Exposed, gravel-covered, clay hills, saltbush or sagebrush flats, or pinyon-juniper woodlands; of conservation concern; 1400-2000 m; Colo.
is known only from Grand Junction area south to near Montrose, Colorado. The systematic and taxonomic confusion involving
has been reviewed by K. D. Heil and J. M. Porter (1994); however, in their revision of
Sclerocactus, S. wetlandicus
was included within their circumscription of
. Chloroplast DNA data (J. M. Porter et al. 2000) are consistent with F. Hochstätter's (1997) assertion that these represent two taxa. Even so,
are morphologically very similar and in the herbarium may be very difficult to discriminate without resorting to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) or a determination based upon geography. The surface of the epidermal cells of
is flattened; this can be observed easily at 20×, but only with some difficulty at 10×. The cells are convex with a flattened apex, like a hill that was strip mined, lacking the conoidal projection; whereas, those of