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Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees
Sassafras

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lauraceae   Sassafras

Sassafras albidum, Sassafras
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Sassafras albidum, Sassafras

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Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum, Sassafras
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Sassafras albidum, Sassafras

Sassafras albidum, Bark
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Sassafras albidum, Bark
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

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Sassafras albidum, leaf
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© Photographer/source
Sassafras albidum, leaf
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© Photographer/source
Sassafras albidum, leaf
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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia gracilis @ BPI (4)

Pestalotia guepinii @ BPI (2)

Pestalotia sassafras @ BPI (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia sassafras @ BPI (2)

Diplodia subcuticularis @ BPI (1)

Microdiplodia laurina @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta sassafras @ BPI (17)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ 366677A (1); BPI (1); 366677B (1)

Sphaeropsis punctata @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis sassafras @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca hama @ III (1)

Empoasca recurvata @ III (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura aesculi @ III (1)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (1)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (1)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (1)

Eratoneura bifida @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (1)

Eratoneura calamitosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (3)

Eratoneura certa @ III (18)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (1)

Eratoneura dira @ III (1)

Eratoneura flexibilis @ III (1)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (1)

Eratoneura knighti @ III (1)

Eratoneura manus @ III (1)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (1)

Eratoneura propria @ III (1)

Eratoneura uncinata @ III (2)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (1)

Erythridula cruciformis @ III (1)

Erythridula hamata @ III (1)

Erythridula kanza @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)

Erythridula ulmalatae @ III (1)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythroneura bistrata @ III (1)

Erythroneura diva @ III (1)

Erythroneura fraxa @ III (1)

Erythroneura nudata @ III (2)

Erythroneura vaga @ III (1)

Graphocephala coccinea @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Graphocephala fennahi @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Graphocephala teliformis @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Hymetta kansasensis @ III (1)

Hymetta trifasciata @ III (1)

Macropsis trimaculatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Typhlocyba @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Derbidae  Anotia @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium affine @ BPI (4)

Gloeosporium officinale @ BPI (9)

Gloeosporium sassafras @ BPI (9)

Gloeosporium @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (2)
Diaspididae  Aspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Hemiberlesia diffinis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (1)
Flatidae  Ormenoides venusta @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum sassafras @ 399410B (1); 399409B (1); 399408A (1); 399410A (1); 399409A (1); 399408B (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Discula sassafras @ BPI (1)

Ophiognomonia sassafras @ BPI (5)
Miridae  Hyaliodes vitripennis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (2)

Nectria @ BPI (2)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora setigera @ BPI (1)

Peniophora velutina @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes salicinus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (1)

Perenniporia ohiensis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (4)
Sclerotiniaceae  Cristulariella pyramidalis @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora sassafras @ BPI (2)

Cytospora tumulosa @ BPI (1)

Leucostoma @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon illitum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon mediterraneum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon microplacum @ BPI (10)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon sassafras @ BPI (5)

Rosellinia @ BPI (1)

Whalleya microplaca @ BPI (1)
_  Hypochnus rubiginosus @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus subvinosus @ BPI (1)

Monochaetia mali @ BPI (1)

Monochaetia @ BPI (2)

Myxosporium minutum @ BPI (1)

Septonema epilomeum @ BPI (1)

Septonema spilomeum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Lauraceae | Sassafras

1. Sassafras albidum (Nuttall) Nees, Syst. Laur. 490. 1836.

Sassafras, white sassafras, filé, gombo fil

Laurus albida Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 259. 1818; L . sassafras Linnaeus; Sassafras albidum var. molle (Rafinesque) Fernald; S . officinalis T. Nees ex C. H. Ebermaier; S . sassafras (Linnaeus) H. Karsten; S . variifolium (Salisbury) Kuntze

Trees , to 35 m. Twigs pale green with darker olive mottling, terete. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic, unlobed or 2-3-lobed (rarely more), 10-16 × 5-10 cm, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences to 5 cm, silky-pubescent; floral bract to 1 cm. Flowers: fragrant (sweet, lemony), glabrous; tepals greenish yellow. Staminate flowers: inner 3 stamens with 2 conspicuously stalked glands near base of filament, filament slender; pistillodes usually absent (sometimes present in terminal flower of inflorescence). Pistillate flowers: staminodes 6; style slender, 2-3 mm; stigma capitate. Drupe ca. 1 cm; pedicel reddish, club-shaped, ± fleshy. 2 n = 48.

Flowering spring (Apr-May). Habitat varied, forests, woodlands, fencerows, old fields (sometimes aggressively colonial), and disturbed areas; 0-1500 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Infraspecific taxa have been based on amount of pubescence of leaves and color of young twigs; these taxa are not recognized here.

Traditionally, "sassafras tea" was prepared by steeping the bark of the roots (D. S. Correll and M. C. Johnston 1970). It was once considered a relatively pleasant drink. Several indigenous populations used sassafras twigs as chewing sticks, and sassafras root is used occasionally in commercial dental poultices. Sassafras root was one of the ingredients of root beer; this use has now been banned.

Safrole ( p -allylyn ethylenediozybenzene) is found as a minor component in many Lauraceae and as the principal component (80%) of sassafras oil. It is suspected of causing contact dermatitis and of being hallucinogenic, especially in large doses; it is also considered to be both carcinogenic and hepatotoxic (W. H. Lewis and M. P. F. Elvin-Lewis 1977).

Updated: 2020-09-25 20:02:55 gmt
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