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Salsola kali L.
Salsola caroliniana

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Chenopodiaceae   Salsola

Salsola kali
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salsola kali

Click on map for details about points.

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma salsa @ BPI (1)
Aphalaridae  Aphalara calthae @ UCR_ENT (2)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (4); AMNH_PBI (4); CSUC_TCN (1); CSCA_TCN (7)
Apidae  Anthophora occidentalis @ BBSL (1)

Xeromelecta californica @ BBSL (1)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Cicadellidae  Acinopterus angulatus @ UCR_ENT (10)

Acinopterus dulchellus @ UCR_ENT (3)

Amblysellus grex @ UCR_ENT (6)

Balclutha neglecta @ UCR_ENT (1)

Ceratagallia ( @ UCR_ENT (17)

Colladonus geminatus @ UCR_ENT (3)

Colladonus montanus @ UCR_ENT (11)

Deltocephalus fuscinervosus @ UCR_ENT (6)

Deltocephalus sonorus @ UCR_ENT (9)

Empoasca ( @ UCR_ENT (18)

Exitianus picatus @ UCR_ENT (1)

Macrosteles sexnotata @ UCR_ENT (2)

Neocoelidia orovila @ UCR_ENT (5)

Neocoelidia pallida @ UCR_ENT (1)

Neokolla ( @ UCR_ENT (1)

Opsius stactogalus @ UCR_ENT (4)

Scaphytopius ( @ UCR_ENT (10)

Stragania robusta @ UCR_ENT (2)

Texananus ( @ UCR_ENT (9)

Xerophloea peltata @ UCR_ENT (11)
Delitschiaceae  Delitschia apiculata @ BPI (3)
Halictidae  Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia salsolae @ BPI (3)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Pleurage curvicolla @ BPI (1)

Pleurage curvula @ BPI (2)
Lygaeidae  Neortholomus arphnoides @ UCR_ENT (4)

Nysius raphanus @ UCR_ENT (15)
Miridae  Aitkenia @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Atomoscelis onustus @ UCR_ENT (7); AMNH_PBI (1)

Coridromius chenopoderis @ AMNH_PBI (60); UNSW_ENT (1)

Creontiades dilutus @ UNSW_ENT (4)

Creontiades rubrinervis @ UCR_ENT (1)

Deraeocoris brevis @ UCR_ENT (1)

Gn_bb_orthotylini sp_bbhen13msp061 @ UNSW_ENT (1)

Kirkaldyella sp_ms_carenotus_b @ UNSW_ENT (1)

Lygus elisus @ UCR_ENT (10); AMNH_PBI (1)

Lygus gemellatus @ UCR_ENT (18)

Lygus hesperus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Lygus shulli @ UCR_ENT (4)

Megalopsallus pictipes @ UCR_ENT (1)

Orthotylus coagulatus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Spanagonicus albofasciatus @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Mymaridae  Anaphes iole @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Pentatomidae  Macrocarenoides scutellatus @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Oechalia schellenbergii @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Plautia sp_1 @ AMNH_PBI (15); UNSW_ENT (3)

Sciocoris obscurus @ AMNH_PBI (11); UNSW_ENT (2)

Tepa rugulosa @ UCR_ENT (3)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora effusa @ BPI (1)

Peronospora vistulensis @ BPI (2)
Piesmatidae  Piesma cinereum @ UCR_ENT (8)
Pleosporaceae  Pleospora herbarum @ BPI (3)

Pleospora salsolae @ 627582B (1); BPI (1); 627582A (1)

Pyrenophora salsolae @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Phenacoccus solani @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces salsolae @ BPI (9)
Rhopalidae  Arhyssus crassus @ UCR_ENT (1)

Aufeius impressicollis @ UCR_ENT (1)
Thripidae  Caliothrips fasciatus @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Tingidae  Corythucha morrilli @ UCR_ENT (2)
_  Halophylus salsoli @ AMNH_PBI (36)

Sclerostagonospora salsolae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
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Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00012094 wa04l13h106b
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Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00012094 wa04l13h106a
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAKA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAKA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAKA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAKA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAKA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAKA
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Salsola kali L.
Russian thistle

Image of Salsola kali

General Information
Symbol: SAKA
Group: Dicot
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   W
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Salsola thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, CA, Mohave Desert. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, CA, Mohave Desert. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 25. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Chenopodiaceae – Goosefoot family
Genus Salsola L. – Russian thistle
Species Salsola kali L. – Russian thistle

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Salsola kali . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Salsola kali</i>
L. ssp. <i>
kali </i>
Salsola kali ssp. kali
Russian thistle Distribution of <i>
Salsola kali</i>
L. ssp. <i>
(Pall.) Mosyakin
Salsola kali ssp. pontica
Russian thistle

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas Salsola
thistle Noxious weed
Hawaii Russian thistle Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Salsola Salsola kali Russian thistle tumbleweed This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SAKA)
CalPhotos (SAKA)
Flora of North America (SAKA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAKA)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SAKA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (SAKA)
Related Websites
Arizona: abstract & image of Russian thistle (Salsola kali) (SAKA)
Manitoba Agriculture - Weeds in Crop Production: abstract & images (SAKA)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor Minor


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 399, 400 , 401 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Chenopodiaceae | Salsola

1. Salsola kali Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 222. 1753.

Common saltwort

Herbs, 5-50 cm, papillose to hispid or, occasionally, glabrous. Stems erect to ascending, branched from base; branches arcuate or, occasionally, almost prostrate. Leaves alternate; blade linear, mostly 1-2 mm wide in herbarium specimens, fleshy, usually not swollen at base, apex ± acuminate into rather firm, 1-1.5(-2.2) mm spine. Inflorescences interrupted at maturity, usually 1-flower per axil of bract; bracts alternate, not imbricate at maturity, reflexed, not distinctly swollen at base, apex narrowing into subulate spine. Flowers: bracteoles free or becoming connate and adnate to perianth base; perianth segments with comparatively narrow wing or in lower flowers occasionally wingless (in S. kali subsp. pontica sometimes prominently winged), with weak or firm, acute apex, glabrous; fruiting perianth 4-6(-8) mm diam. 2 n = 36.

Subspecies ca. 2 (2 in the flora): introduced; coastal areas of Europe, n Africa, sw Asia; introduced and naturalized in other coastal regions.

Updated: 2020-06-06 18:21:33 gmt
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