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Ranunculus repens L.
CREEPING BUTTERCUP
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Ranunculus

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Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens

Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens

Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens

Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens

Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens

Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens

Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus repens
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Ranunculus repens

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Rhopalosiphoninus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Thecabius ( @ NCSU (3)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium ranunculi @ BPI (3)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma ficariae @ BPI (1)

Entyloma microsporum @ BPI (47)

Entyloma ranunculacearum @ BPI (1)

Entyloma ranunculi @ BPI (26)

Entyloma ungerianum @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe communis @ BPI (2)

Erysiphe nitida @ BPI (9)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (6)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora ranunculi @ BPI (2)

Didymaria didyma @ BPI (13)

Didymaria ungeri @ BPI (23)

Ovularia decipiens @ BPI (4)

Ramularia aequivoca @ BPI (3)

Ramularia didyma @ BPI (2)

Ramularia gibba @ BPI (4)

Ramularia ranunculi @ BPI (1)

Ramularia ungeri @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora ficariae @ BPI (39)

Peronospora ranunculi-peduncularis @ BPI (12)

Peronospora ranunculi @ BPI (5)

Plasmopara pygmaea @ BPI (2)
Physodermataceae  Physoderma vagans @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia magnusiana @ BPI (15)

Puccinia perplexans @ BPI (1)

Uromyces dactylidis @ BPI (28)

Uromyces poae @ BPI (13)

Uromyces trivialis @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium aureum @ BPI (1)

Synchytrium @ BPI (1)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis anemones @ BPI (41)

Urocystis pompholygodes @ BPI (1)

Urocystis ranunculi @ BPI (10)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium ranunculacearum @ BPI (4)

Aecidium ranunculi-acris @ BPI (1)

Aecidium ranunculi-repentis @ BPI (1)
_  Fabraea ranunculi @ BPI (26)

Tuburcinia anemones @ BPI (1)

Tuburcinia ranunculi @ BPI (17)

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Ranunculus repens L.
creeping buttercup

Image of Ranunculus repens

General Information
Symbol: RARE3
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
HI   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ranunculus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NC, Lynn. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, NJ. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 113. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
RARED Ranunculus repens L. var. degeneratus Schur
RAREE Ranunculus repens L. var. erectus DC.
RAREG Ranunculus repens L. var. glabratus DC.
RAREL Ranunculus repens L. var. linearilobus DC.
RAREP Ranunculus repens L. var. pleniflorus Fernald
RARET3 Ranunculus repens L. var. typicus G. Beck
RAREV Ranunculus repens L. var. villosus Lamotte

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Ranunculus L. – buttercup
Species Ranunculus repens L. – creeping buttercup

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Massachusetts creeping buttercup Prohibited
U.S. Weed Information
Ranunculus repens creeping buttercup This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii FAC
North America
Alaska FAC
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (RARE3)
CalPhotos (RARE3)
Flora of North America (RARE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RARE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RARED)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAREE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAREG)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAREL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAREP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RARET3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAREV)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (RARE3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (RARE3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (RARE3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (RARE3)
Related Websites
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (RARE3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Ranunculus

18. Ranunculus repens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 554. 1753.

Renoncule rampante

Ranunculus repens var. erectus de Candolle; R . repens var. glabratus de Candolle; R . repens var. linearilobus de Candolle; R . repens var. pleniflorus Fernald; R . repens var. villosus Lamotte

Stems decumbent or creeping, rooting nodally, hispid to strigose or almost glabrous, base not bulbous. Roots never tuberous. Basal leaf blades ovate to reniform in outline, 3-foliolate, 1-8.5 × 1.5-10 cm, leaflets lobed, parted, or parted and again lobed, ultimate segments obovate to elliptic or sometimes narrowly oblong, margins toothed, apex obtuse to acuminate. Flowers: receptacle hispid or rarely glabrous; sepals spreading or reflexed from base, 4-7(-10) × 1.5-3(-4) mm, hispid or sometimes glabrous; petals 5(-150), yellow, 6-18 × 5-12 mm. Heads of achenes globose or ovoid, 5-10 × 5-8 mm; achenes 2.6-3.2 × 2-2.8 mm, glabrous, margin forming narrow rib 0.1-0.2 mm wide; beak persistent, lanceolate to lance-filiform, curved, 0.8-1.2 mm. 2 n = 14, 32.

Flowering late winter-summer (Mar-Aug). Meadows, borders of marshes, lawns, roadsides; 0-2500 m; introduced; Greenland; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Yukon; Ala., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Central America; South America; native to Eurasia; Pacific Islands; Australia.

Ranunculus repens is widely naturalized in many parts of the world. Plants with sparse pubescence have been called R . repens var. glabratus . Horticultural forms with the outer stamens transformed into numerous extra petals occasionally become established and have been called R . repens var. pleniflorus . These variants have no taxonomic significance.

Updated: 2020-06-06 18:24:55 gmt
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