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Ranunculus ficaria L.
Ficaria verna Huds; Fig buttercup; Ficaria verna

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Ranunculus

Ranunculus ficaria, Lesser Celandine
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Ranunculus ficaria, Lesser Celandine

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Ranunculus ficaria, Lesser Celadine
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Ranunculus ficaria, Lesser Celadine
Ranunculus ficaria
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 8
Ranunculus ficaria

Ranunculus ficaria
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 8
Ranunculus ficaria
Ranunculus ficaria
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Ranunculus ficaria

Ranunculus ficaria
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Ranunculus ficaria

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena dunningi @ AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (1)
Apidae  Ceratina calcarata @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma ficariae @ BPI (15)

Entyloma ranunculi @ BPI (48)

Entyloma ungerianum @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum laevissimum @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ramularia repentis @ BPI (1)

Septoria ficariae @ BPI (18)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora ficariae @ BPI (24)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia recondita @ BPI (1)

Uromyces dactylidis @ BPI (26)

Uromyces ficariae @ BPI (72)

Uromyces poae @ BPI (32)

Uromyces rumicis @ BPI (2)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis ficariarum @ 801848B (1); 801848A (1)

Sclerotinia ficariae @ BPI (1)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis anemones @ BPI (3)

Urocystis ficariae @ BPI (4)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium ficariae @ BPI (2)

Aecidium ranunculacearum @ BPI (1)
_  Tuburcinia ficariae @ BPI (1)

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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/rafi1.htm

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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Ficaria verna Hudson ( Ranunculus ficaria ) Lesser Celandine
Ranunculaceae — Buttercup family
Invasive non-native
Ficaria verna
When I first saw this plant, in 1998, it was relatively uncommon. I had trouble finding a name for it; it wasn't listed in my field guides. Prices Corner
April 2001 Ficaria verna
Now it is among the worst of the invasive plants in Delaware. White Clay Creek State Park -- Pump House Road
April 2012 Ficaria verna
This plant covers acres along streams in Delaware, including the Brandywine Creek floodplain. Note the Virginia bluebells in the foreground. It's ideal habitat for both plants, but the bluebells can't compete. Brandywine Creek State Park
April 2004 Ficaria verna
The leaves emerge in late winter and form a dense mat.
Ficaria verna
The plant resembles the rare native marsh marigold , but three sepals confirm that it's celandine.
Ficaria verna
A single plant.
Ficaria verna
The plant spreads by growing new plants from tubers... Middle Run Valley Natural Area
March 2016 Ficaria verna
...and from bulblets that grow in the leaf axils.
Ficaria verna
The leaves die in late spring, leaving the bulblets free to be washed downstream or spread in mud on shoes and bike tires. White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
May 2016

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Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RAFI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RAFI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RAFI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RAFI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ranunculus ficaria L.
fig buttercup

Image of Ranunculus ficaria

General Information
Symbol: RAFI
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ranunculus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 117. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
FIVE2 Ficaria verna Huds.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Ranunculus L. – buttercup
Species Ranunculus ficaria L. – fig buttercup

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Ranunculus ficaria . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Ranunculus ficaria</i>
L. var. <i>
Ranunculus ficaria var. bulbifera
fig buttercup

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Connecticut fig buttercup Invasive, banned
Massachusetts lesser celandine, fig buttercup Prohibited
U.S. Weed Information
Ranunculus ficaria fig buttercup This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status


FIVE2   Ficaria verna Huds.

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (RAFI)
CalPhotos (RAFI)
Flora of North America (RAFI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAFI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (RAFI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (RAFI)
Related Websites
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (RAFI)
Texas A&M: Vascular Plant Image Gallery (RAFI)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Ranunculus

76. Ranunculus ficaria Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 550. 1753.

Lesser celandine, pilewort, ficaire, renoncule ficaire

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbifer Lambinon; R . ficaria subsp. calthifolius (Reichenbach) Arcangeli; R . ficaria var. bulbifera Albert

Stems erect to decumbent, not rooting nodally, glabrous, not bulbous-based, spheric or ellipsoid bulbils sometimes formed in leaf axils. Tuberous roots present. Basal leaves simple and undivided, blades cordate to deltate or semicircular, 1.8-3.7 × 2-4 cm, base cordate, margins entire or crenate, apex rounded or obtuse. Flowers: receptacle glabrous; sepals spreading, saccate at extreme base, 4-9 × 3-6 mm, glabrous; petals yellow, 10-15 × 3-7 mm. Heads of achenes hemispheric, 4-5 × 6-8 mm; achenes 2.6-2.8 × 1.8-2 mm, pubescent; beak absent.

Flowering spring (Apr-May). Shaded stream banks and moist disturbed areas; 0-300 m; introduced; B.C., Nfld., Ont., Que.; Conn., D.C., Ill., Ky., Md., Mass., Mich., Mo., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., Tenn., Va., Wash., W.Va.; native to Europe.

In North America, Ranunculus ficaria seems to be expanding its range rapidly in areas with cool mesic climates.

The species is extremely variable (especially in leaf size and stem posture), and many attempts have been made to divide it into varieties or subspecies (see P. D. Sell 1994). The different forms, however, intergrade extensively and the varieties are often impossible to distinguish.

Updated: 2020-10-20 23:15:12 gmt
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