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Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
CHINKAPIN OAK
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Quercus

Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii

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Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii
Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii
Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk

Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - general
Quercus muehlenbergii, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, bark - of a large tree

Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - whole upper surface
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - unspecified
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - unspecified

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Neosymydobius albasiphus @ NCSU (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia @ BPI (2)

Fusicoccum @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Alebra @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Empoasca recurvata @ III (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (3)

Eratoneura andersoni @ III (1)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (2)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (3)

Eratoneura beeri @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (2)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura calamitosa @ III (2)

Eratoneura campora @ III (2)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (13)

Eratoneura clavipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (1)

Eratoneura contracta @ III (1)

Eratoneura curvata @ III (2)

Eratoneura era @ III (1)

Eratoneura firma @ III (1)

Eratoneura forfex @ III (1); NCSU (1)

Eratoneura guicei @ III (1)

Eratoneura haysensis @ III (1)

Eratoneura hymac @ III (1)

Eratoneura impar @ III (21); NCSU (1)

Eratoneura inepta @ III (2)

Eratoneura knighti @ III (1)

Eratoneura longa @ III (2)

Eratoneura manus @ III (1)

Eratoneura marilandicae @ III (1)

Eratoneura millsi @ III (2)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (1)

Eratoneura parva @ III (2)

Eratoneura parvipes @ III (2)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (3)

Eratoneura prolixa @ III (4)

Eratoneura propria @ III (1)

Eratoneura restricta @ III (2)

Eratoneura rotunda @ III (1)

Eratoneura spala @ III (1)

Eratoneura tantilla @ III (2)

Eratoneura ungulata @ III (2)

Eratoneura usitata @ III (1)

Erythridula abolla @ III (1)

Erythridula bicornis @ III (1)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (3)

Erythridula cruciformis @ III (1)

Erythridula diffisa @ III (1)

Erythridula eluta @ III (1)

Erythridula fumida @ III (1)

Erythridula idonea @ III (1)

Erythridula noeva @ III (3)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)

Erythridula tenuispica @ III (2)

Erythridula ulmosa @ III (1)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythroneura cymbium @ III (1)

Erythroneura nudata @ III (1)

Erythroneura octonotata @ III (2)

Erythroneura vitis @ III (2)

Hymetta balteata @ III (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium quercuum @ BPI (1)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia fluens @ BPI (1)

Endothia parasitica @ BPI (1)
Derbidae  Anotia fitchi @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (5)
Dermateaceae  Marssonina martinii @ BPI (9)

Marssonina quercina @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (4)

Microsphaera quercina @ BPI (3)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia quercina @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium pulicare @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Coryneum pustulatum @ BPI (1)

Coryneum @ BPI (1)
Microstromataceae  Microstroma album @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella maculiformis @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus albellus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus crocatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex mollis @ BPI (1)

Odontia @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus oakesii @ BPI (1)

Stereum frustulatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum gausapatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum ochraceoflavum @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia orbicula @ BPI (2)
_  Botryodiplodia gallae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fagaceae | Quercus

42. Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis. 3: 391. 1887.

Chinkapin oak, chinquapin oak, yellow chestnut oak

Quercus acuminata (Michaux) Sargent; Q . brayi Small; Q . prinus Linnaeus var. acuminata Michaux

Trees , deciduous, moderate to large, to 30 m, occasionally large shrubs (ca. 3 m) on drier sites. Bark gray, thin, flaky to papery. Twigs brownish, 1.5-3(-4) mm diam., sparsely fine-pubescent, soon becoming glabrate, graying in 2d year. Buds brown to red-brown, subrotund to broadly ovoid, 20-40 × (10-)15-25 mm, apex rounded, very sparsely pubescent. Leaves: petiole (7-)10-30(-37) mm. Leaf blade usually obovate, sometimes lanceolate to oblanceolate, (32-)50-150(-210) × (10-)40-80(-106) mm, leathery, base truncate to cuneate, margins regularly undulate, toothed or shallow-lobed, teeth or lobes rounded, or acute-acuminate, often strongly antrorse, secondary veins usually (9-)10-14(-16) on each side, ± parallel, apex short-acute to acuminate or apiculate; surfaces abaxially glaucous or light green, appearing glabrate but with scattered or crowded minute, appressed, symmetric, 6-10-rayed stellate hairs, adaxially lustrous dark green, glabrate. Acorns 1-2, subsessile or on axillary peduncle to 8 mm; cup hemispheric or shallowly cupped, 4-12 mm deep × 8-22 mm wide, enclosing 1/4-1/2 nut, base rounded, margin usually thin, scales closely appressed, moderately to prominently tuberculate, uniformly short gray-pubescent; nut light brown, oblong to ovoid, (13-)15-20(-28) × l0-13(-16) mm. Cotyledons distinct. 2 n = 24.

Flowering late winter-spring. Mixed deciduous forest, woodlands and thickets, sometimes restricted to n slopes and riparian habitats in w parts of range, limestone and calcareous soils, rarely on other substrates; 0-2300 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Hidalgo, and Tamaulipas).

Shrubby forms of Quercus muehlenbergii are difficult to distinguish from Quercus prinoides , but Q . muehlenbergii does not spread clonally or produce acorns on small shrubs as does Q . prinoides . The edaphic preferences of these two species are distinctive, with Q . muehlenbergii never far from limestone substrates and Q . prinoides occurring mostly on dry shales and deep sands. Populations of Q . muehlenbergii from the southwest part of its range, on the Edwards Plateau of Texas and westward, sometimes are segregated as Q . brayi Small, but the variation appears to be clinal with inconsistent differences. Distributed from Hidalgo, Mexico to Maine, Q . muehlenbergii is one of the most widespread species of temperate North American trees.

The Delaware-Ontario prepared infusions from the bark of Quercus muehlenbergii to stop vomiting (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Updated: 2020-09-20 02:00:10 gmt
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