D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Quercus marilandica Münchh.
BLACKJACK OAK
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Quercus

Quercus marilandica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus marilandica

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guide

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Quercus marilandica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus marilandica
Quercus marilandica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus marilandica

Quercus marilandica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus marilandica
Quercus marilandica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus marilandica

Quercus marilandica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus marilandica
Quercus marilandica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus marilandica

Quercus marilandica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus marilandica
Quercus marilandica, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus marilandica, leaf - whole upper surface

Quercus marilandica, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus marilandica, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Quercus marilandica, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus marilandica, twig - orientation of petioles

Quercus marilandica, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus marilandica, bark - of a small tree or small branch
Quercus marilandica, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus marilandica, bark - of a large tree

Quercus marilandica, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus marilandica, whole tree or vine - general

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Achilidae  Catonia @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Aphididae  Myzocallis ( @ NCSU (3)
Cercopidae  Clastoptera xanthocephala @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Chrysothricaceae  Chrysothrix xanthina @ GAL (1)
Cicadellidae  Alebra @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura acantha @ III (20)

Eratoneura adunca @ III (8)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (1)

Eratoneura alloplana @ III (8)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (1)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (2)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (1)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (2)

Eratoneura brevipes @ III (18); NCSU (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (10)

Eratoneura dumosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura externa @ III (1); AMNH_IZC (2)

Eratoneura firma @ III (1)

Eratoneura gemina @ III (12)

Eratoneura gemoides @ III (3)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (3)

Eratoneura havana @ III (6)

Eratoneura haysensis @ III (1)

Eratoneura igella @ III (9)

Eratoneura immota @ III (1)

Eratoneura inepta @ III (1)

Eratoneura lawsoni @ III (1)

Eratoneura lenta @ III (1)

Eratoneura longa @ III (8)

Eratoneura macra @ III (1)

Eratoneura maga @ III (6)

Eratoneura manus @ III (5); NCSU (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura marilandicae @ III (8)

Eratoneura mcateei @ III (34)

Eratoneura micheneri @ III (1)

Eratoneura millsi @ III (11)

Eratoneura noncuspidis @ III (1)

Eratoneura parva @ III (6)

Eratoneura patris @ III (3)

Eratoneura phellos @ III (1)

Eratoneura propria @ III (9)

Eratoneura smithi @ III (4)

Eratoneura staminea @ III (1)

Eratoneura stephensoni @ III (3); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura stoveri @ III (3)

Eratoneura tenuitas @ III (11); NCSU (1)

Eratoneura torella @ III (1)

Eratoneura triangulata @ III (1)

Eratoneura trivittata @ III (1)

Eratoneura turgida @ III (3)

Eratoneura valida @ III (1)

Erythridula albescens @ III (1)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (1)

Erythridula cuneata @ III (1)

Erythridula freta @ III (1)

Erythridula lucileae @ III (7)

Erythridula noeva @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)

Erythridula zephyr @ III (1)

Erythroneura cymbium @ III (2)

Erythroneura octonotata @ III (1)
Cixiidae  Oliarus slossoni @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Coccocarpiaceae  Coccocarpia palmicola @ GAL (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (7)

Cronartium fusiforme @ BPI (10)

Cronartium quercuum @ BPI (7)
Derbidae  Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (11)
Diaspididae  Melanaspis obscura @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype stigma @ BPI (3)

Diatrype virescens @ BPI (1)

Eutypa spinosa @ BPI (3)
Eriococcidae  Eriococcus quercus @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (11)

Microsphaera penicillata @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (1)
Flatidae  Ormenis chloris @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Ormenis pruinosa @ MEMU_ENT (4)
Fuscideaceae  Maronea polyphaea @ GAL (1)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma sessile @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Godroniopsis quernea @ BPI (1)
Lecanoraceae  Lecanora strobilina @ GAL (1)

Pyrrhospora varians @ GAL (1)
Membracidae  Cyrtolobus arcuatus @ NCSU (3)

Cyrtolobus clarus @ UDCC_TCN (4); NCSU (1)

Cyrtolobus fenestratus @ UDCC_TCN (4); NCSU (16); UDCC_NRI (1)

Cyrtolobus fuliginosus @ UDCC_TCN (2); NCSU (9); UDCC_NRI (3)

Cyrtolobus inermis @ NCSU (1)

Cyrtolobus ovatus @ UDCC_TCN (1); NCSU (2)

Cyrtolobus tuberosus @ NCSU (2)

Entylia carinata @ NCSU (1)

Ophiderma evelyna @ UDCC_TCN (2); NCSU (16)

Ophiderma flavicephala @ UDCC_NRI (2)

Ophiderma pubescens @ UDCC_TCN (2); NCSU (5); UDCC_NRI (2)

Platycotis vittata @ UDCC_TCN (38); NCSU (15)

Smilia camelus @ UDCC_TCN (2); NCSU (1)

Smilia fasciata @ UDCC_TCN (1); NCSU (3)

Xantholobus muticus @ NCSU (1)
Parmeliaceae  Bulbothrix goebelii @ GAL (1)

Canoparmelia caroliniana @ GAL (2)

Canoparmelia texana @ GAL (2)

Hypotrachyna imbricatula @ GAL (1)

Hypotrachyna livida @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema perforatum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema reticulatum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema subisidiosum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema submarginale @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema tinctorum @ GAL (1)

Punctelia rudecta @ GAL (1)

Usnea strigosa @ GAL (1)

Vulpicida viridis @ GAL (1)
Pertusariaceae  Pertusaria amara @ GAL (1)
Physciaceae  Buellia stillingiana @ GAL (1)

Heterodermia obscurata @ GAL (1)
Polyporaceae  Coriolus versicolor @ BPI (1)

Fomes everhartii @ BPI (6)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (1)

Fomes reniformis @ BPI (1)

Panus rudis @ BPI (2)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus obtusus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus sanguineus @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma ilicinum @ BPI (1)
Sarcosomataceae  Urnula craterium @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex cinnamomeus @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum gausapatum @ BPI (1)
Stereocaulaceae  Lepraria lobificans @ GAL (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina caerulescens @ BPI (16)
Thelotremataceae  Thelotrema dilatatum @ GAL (1)
Verrucariaceae  Normandina pulchella @ GAL (1)
Xylariaceae  Xylaria polymorpha @ BPI (1)
_  Actinopelte japonica @ BPI (1)

Gnomoniopsis clavulata @ BPI (1)

Monochaetia desmazieri @ BPI (2)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/qmarilandica.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMA3
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't locate object method "new" via package "LWP::Protocol::https::Socket" https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMA3

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 3 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fagaceae | Quercus

24. Quercus marilandica Münchhausen, Hausvater. 5(1): 253. 1770.

Blackjack oak

Trees , deciduous, to 15 m. Bark almost black, with irregular or rectangular blocks, inner bark orangish. Twigs ashy brown, (1-)2-4(-5) mm diam., pubescent to tomentose. Terminal buds conic or narrowly ovoid-ellipsoid, 5-10 mm, noticeably 5-angled in cross section, tawny pubescent. Leaves: petiole 5-20 mm, densely to sparsely pubescent. Leaf blade obovate to obtrullate, (50-)70-200 × (40-)70-200 mm, base rounded or cordate, blade not decurrent, margins with 3-5 shallow, often very broad lobes and 3-10 awns, apex acute to obtuse, rarely rounded; surfaces abaxially scurfy or with scattered pubescence, adaxially glossy, glabrous, secondary veins raised on both surfaces. Acorns biennial; cup turbinate, 6-10 mm high × 13-18 mm wide, covering 1/3 nut, outer surface puberulent, inner surface pubescent, scale tips loose, especially at margin of cup, acute or acuminate; nut broadly ovoid or ellipsoid, 12-20 × 10-18 mm, often striate, glabrate, scar diam. 5-8 mm. 2 n = 12. [R. C. Friesner 1930. J. W. Duffield (1940) suggested that Friesner was counting bivalents; if so, then 2 n = 24, consistent with all other reports for Quercus .]

Flowering spring. Poor shallow soils of glades, barrens and flatwoods, disturbed fields, rocky outcrops, and dry ridges; 0-900 m; Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Evidence suggests that small trees from the western portion of the range (primarily Texas and Oklahoma) should be recognized as Quercus marilandica Münchhausen var. ashei Sudworth (D. M. Hunt 1989). These trees are characterized by 50-70 × 40-60 mm leaf blades with abaxial surfaces gray-tomentose in vein axils.

Quercus marilandica reportedly hybridizes with Q . buckleyi and Q . falcata (E. J. Palmer 1948); and with Q . georgiana , Q . ilicifolia (= Q . × brittoni W. T. Davis), Q . imbricaria [= Q . × tridentata (A. de Candolle) Engelmann], Q . incana , Q . nigra , Q . phellos ( Q . × rudkini Britton), and Q . velutina (= Q . × bushii Sargent). D. M. Hunt (1989) cited evidence of hybridization also with Q . arkansana , Q . hemisphaerica , Q . laevis , Q . laurifolia , Q . myrtifolia , Q . palustris , and Q . rubra .

The Choctaw used Quercus marilandica to ease cramps and to aid in childbirth (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Updated: 2020-09-27 08:22:52 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation