D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp

Pinus radiata D. Don
Insignis Pine; Radiata Pine; Pinus insignis Douglas ex Loudon

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

ERROR: can't read /DL/db/CP/NAME_link.db database.


Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Agaricus augustus @ BPI (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia foedans @ BPI (2)

Pestalotia funerea @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia stevensonii @ BPI (1)
Aphelinidae  Coccophagus albicoxa @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Encarsia @ UCRC_ENT (7)
Aphididae  Essigella ( @ CSCA_TCN (35); AMNH_PBI (6)

Essigella @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Rhopalosiphum padi @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominale @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Schizolachnus curvispinosus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Schizolachnus piniradiatae @ AMNH_PBI (2); CSCA_TCN (4)

Schizolachnus @ CSCA_TCN (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Sphaeropsis ellisii @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis pinastri @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis sapinea @ BPI (1)
Clavariaceae  Clavaria cristata @ BPI (1)
Coccidae  Physokermes insignicola @ CSCA_TCN (5)

Toumeyella pinicola @ CSCA_TCN (17)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium carneum @ BPI (1)

Coleosporium elephantopodis @ BPI (6)

Coleosporium madiae @ BPI (30)

Coleosporium solidaginis @ BPI (4)

Coleosporium @ BPI (1)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora viridis @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium giganteum @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebroides @ BPI (1)

Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (9)

Cronartium coleosporioides @ BPI (5)

Cronartium harknessii @ BPI (22)

Cronartium quercus @ BPI (1)

Cronartium quercuum @ BPI (1)

Cronartium strobilinum @ BPI (7)

Peridermium californicum @ BPI (3)

Peridermium cerebroides @ BPI (32)

Peridermium harknessii @ BPI (1)
Curculionidae  Xyleborinus saxeseni @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces deliquescens @ BPI (1)

Heterotextus miltinus @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Chionaspis pinifoliae @ CSCA_TCN (4)

Dynaspidiotus californicus @ CSCA_TCN (6); UCR_ENT (2)

Fiorinia japonica @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Discinaceae  Hydnotrya ellipsospora @ BPI (1)
Encyrtidae  Metaphycus physokermis @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Exidiaceae  Exidia pinicola @ BPI (1)
Helvellaceae  Helvella lacunosa @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus bicolor @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus calyciformis @ BPI (8)
Hymenochaetaceae  Polystictus abietinus @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Gliocladium roseum @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Glonium tryblidioides @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Marasmius androsaceus @ BPI (2)

Marasmius siccus @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius ambiguus @ BPI (1)

Merulius confluens @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Pappus usingeri @ AMNH_PBI (9)

Phytocoris radiatae @ AMNH_IZC (1); AMNH_PBI (2); AMNH_ENT (2)

Phytocoris stellatus @ AMNH_PBI (30)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Dothistroma pini @ 387566A (1); BPI (2); 387566B (1)

Dothistroma septosporum @ BPI (6)

Lecanosticta acicola @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria fuckeliana @ BPI (1)

Nectria @ BPI (1)

Neonectria fuckeliana @ BPI (1)

Ophionectria scolecospora @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium @ BPI (2)
Polyporaceae  Cryptoporus volvatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes officinalis @ BPI (1)

Hirschioporus abietinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (5)

Polyporus circinatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fragilis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (2)

Polyporus triqueter @ BPI (1)

Polyporus volvatus @ BPI (4)

Poria calcea @ BPI (1)

Poria lenis @ BPI (2)

Poria sinuosa @ BPI (2)

Poria versipora @ BPI (1); 244731B (1); 244731A (1)

Poria xantha @ BPI (2)

Poria @ BPI (2)
Pseudococcidae  Crisicoccus pini @ CSCA_TCN (16)

Dysmicoccus aciculus @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Dysmicoccus pinicolus @ CSCA_TCN (20)

Pseudococcus longispinus @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Pseudococcus viburni @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Puto cupressi @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Psyllidae  Cacopsylla curta @ CSCA_TCN (7)
Ramariaceae  Ramaria flaccida @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Rhynocoris @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Rhizinaceae  Rhizina undulata @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma pedatum @ BPI (2)

Hypodermella limitata @ BPI (8)

Hypodermella montivaga @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (11)

Lophodermium @ BPI (1)

Naemacyclus niveus @ BPI (3)
Russulaceae  Russula californinensis @ BPI (1)
Serpulidae  Serpula pinastri @ BPI (1)
Sparassidaceae  Sparassis crispa @ BPI (2)

Sparassis radicata @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (1)

Stereum purpureum @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (2)

Stereum umbrinum @ BPI (2)
Strophariaceae  Pholiota lenta @ BPI (1)
Suillaceae  Suillus subacerbus @ BPI (1)
Thelephoraceae  Thelephora fimbriata @ BPI (1)

Thelephora laciniata @ BPI (1)

Tomentella castanea @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Mycena pura @ BPI (1)

Tricholoma terreum @ BPI (1)
Tuberaceae  Tuber @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia barbula @ BPI (1)
_  Nematoloma fasciculare @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia vaga @ BPI (1)

Sclerophoma pithyophila @ BPI (1)

Scoleconectria scolecospora @ BPI (1)

Zygodesmus marginatus @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (14)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://conifers.org/pi/Pinus_radiata.php

Following served from L. W. Schatz Demonstration Tree Farm
Top | See original context

Following modified from Uni-bonn
Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.botanik.uni-bonn.de:80 http://www.botanik.uni-bonn.de/conifers/pi/pin/radiata.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Forestry Department
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/Pradiata.htm

Following modified from US Forest Service
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/pinus/radiata.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIRA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIRA2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIRA2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIRA2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIRA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIRA2
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
 Alternative Crops
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
PLANTS Image Gallery
 50,000+ Plant Images
Download PLANTS data
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
Related tools
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Pinus radiata D. Don
Monterey pine

Image of Pinus radiata

General Information
Symbol: PIRA2
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Pinus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, CA. Usage Requirements .

A. Gaskill. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1903. Usage Requirements .

A. Gaskill. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1903. Usage Requirements .

A. Gaskill. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1903. Usage Requirements .

T.P. Lukens. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1901. Usage Requirements .

D.F. Roy. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA, Monterey Co., Carmel. Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
PIRAB Pinus radiata D. Don var. binata auct. non (S. Watson) Lemmon


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Pinus L. – pine
Species Pinus radiata D. Don – Monterey pine

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Pinus radiata Monterey pine This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. 1999. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PIRA2)
CalPhotos (PIRA2)
Flora of North America (PIRA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIRA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIRAB)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PIRA2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PIRA2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PIRA2)
Related Websites
Australian National University, Botany & Dendrology: images (PIRA2)
Image of branch with cone from New Zealand (PIRA2)
Monterey Pine: images (PIRA2)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PIRA2)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 2 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Pinus

36. Pinus radiata D. Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 17: 442. 1836.

Monterey pine

Pinus insignis Douglas ex Loudon

Trees to 30m; trunk to 0.9m diam., contorted to straight; crown broadly conic, becoming rounded to flattened. Bark gray, deeply V-furrowed, furrow bases red, ridges irregularly elongate-rectangular, their flattened surfaces scaly. Branches level to downcurved or ascending, poorly self-pruning; twigs slender, red-brown, sometimes glaucous, aging gray, rough. Buds ovoid to ovoid-cylindric, red-brown, ca. 1.5cm, resinous. Leaves (2--)3 in a fascicle, spreading-ascending, persisting 3--4 years, (8--)9--15(--20)cm ´ 1.3--1.8(--2)mm, straight, slightly twisted, deep yellow-green, all surfaces with fine stomatal lines, margins serrulate, apex conic-subulate; sheath (1--)1.5--2cm, base persistent. Pollen cones ellipsoid-cylindric, 10--15mm, orange-brown. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, shedding seeds soon thereafter, but often serotinous and persistent 6--20 years, solitary to whorled, spreading to recurved, curved, very asymmetric, ovoid before opening, broadly ovoid when open, 7--14cm, pale red-brown and lustrous, scales rigid, stalks to 1cm; apophyses toward outer cone base increasingly mammillate, those on inward cone side and middle and apex of cone more level; umbo central, mostly depressed, with small central boss or occasionally with slender, deciduous prickle. Seeds compressed-ellipsoid; body ca. 6mm, dark brown; wing 20--30mm. 2 n =24.

Coastal fog belt; of conservation concern; 30--400m; Calif.; Mexico in Baja California [600--1200 m].

Pinus radiata has an extremely narrow natural range: three coastal areas in California (one in San Mateo and Santa Cruz counties, one in Monterey County, and one in San Luis Obispo County) and off the coast of Baja California, Mexico (Guadalupe Island and debatably also on Cedros Island). Some natural populations of the species are under protection. Along the California coast it has escaped from cultivation, and from there into southern coastal Oregon it shows signs of naturalizing.

Pinus radiata is a much better-formed tree and of greater silvicultural value within its introduced range (Africa, Australia, Europe, and New Zealand, where it is a principal timber tree) than in its native range. It hybridizes naturally with P . attenuata ( P . ´ attenuiradiata Stockwell & Righter).

Updated: 2020-05-30 06:07:37 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation