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Pinus flexilis James
LIMBER PINE
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

Pinus flexilis, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, whole tree - general

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Pinus flexilis, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, whole tree - general
Pinus flexilis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, bark - of a large tree

Pinus flexilis, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, bark - of a small tree or small branch
Pinus flexilis, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, bark - of a medium tree or large branch

Pinus flexilis, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
Pinus flexilis, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Pinus flexilis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Pinus flexilis, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, leaf - entire needle

Pinus flexilis, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, leaf - entire needle
Pinus flexilis, twig - after fallen needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, twig - after fallen needles

Pinus flexilis, twig - after fallen needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, twig - after fallen needles
Pinus flexilis, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, twig - showing attachment of needles

Pinus flexilis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Pinus flexilis, cone - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus flexilis, cone - male

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma pinicola @ BPI (1)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella pilifera @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ 662360A (1); 662360B (1); BPI (3)

Biatorella @ BPI (1)
Braconidae  Pauesia ( @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium crowellii @ BPI (5)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora corrugis @ BPI (2)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium ribicola @ BPI (7)

Peridermium strobi @ BPI (1)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria pithyophila @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium entoxylinum @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium @ BPI (1)

Pezicula livida @ BPI (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia pinicola @ 842079B (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium abietis @ BPI (1)

Cenangium ferruginosum @ BPI (1)

Tympanis hypopodia @ BPI (1)

Tympanis subsphaerospora @ BPI (1)

Tympanis @ BPI (1)
Hemiphacidiaceae  Hemiphacidium planum @ BPI (3)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus arida @ BPI (3)

Dasyscyphus ellisiana @ BPI (3)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis albifrons @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius molluscus @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Deraeocoris bakeri @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Deraeocoris barberi @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Deraeocoris davisi @ AMNH_ENT (14)

Deraeocoris incertus @ AMNH_ENT (3)

Dichaetocoris piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (1); AMNH_ENT (1)

Dichrooscytus rostratus @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Dichrooscytus sp_ms_nearcticus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Knightomiroides contortae @ AMNH_ENT (31); AMNH_PBI (4)

Lopidea ute @ AMNH_ENT (9)

Orthops scutellatus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Orthotylus candidatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pappus intermedius @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Pappus luridus @ AMNH_PBI (3); AMNH_ENT (120)

Pappus piceicola @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Pappus scutellatus @ AMNH_ENT (30)

Parthenicus fuscosus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phoenicocoris longirostris @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris fraterculus @ AMNH_ENT (26)

Phytocoris heidemanni @ AMNH_ENT (5); AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris inops @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Phytocoris stellatus @ AMNH_ENT (34); AMNH_PBI (56)

Pilophorus americanus @ AMNH_PBI (80)

Pilophorus diffusus @ AMNH_PBI (9)

Pilophorus tibialis @ AMNH_PBI (10)

Pinalitus rubrotinctus @ AMNH_ENT (3)

Pinophylus stonedahli @ AMNH_IZC (1); AMNH_PBI (2)

Psallovius piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Psallus aethiops @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Dothistroma pini @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (1)

Ophionectria scolecospora @ BPI (1)
Nitschkiaceae  Fracchiaea @ BPI (1)
Patellariaceae  Patellaria inclusa @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora luna @ BPI (1)

Peniophora odorata @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium planum @ BPI (2); 669508B (1); 669508A (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes pini @ BPI (3)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (1)

Fomes roseus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus alboluteus @ BPI (1)

Poria callosa @ BPI (1)

Trametes variiformis @ BPI (3)
Rhytismataceae  Bifusella linearis @ 650531A (1); BPI (14); 650531B (1)

Bifusella saccata @ BPI (1)

Hypoderma lineare @ BPI (1)

Hypoderma pini @ BPI (4)

Hypoderma saccatum @ BPI (4)

Hypoderma @ BPI (1)

Hypodermella arcuata @ BPI (3)

Leptostroma pinastri @ BPI (2)

Leptostroma @ BPI (1)

Lophodermella arcuata @ BPI (2)

Lophodermella concolor @ 842079A (1)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium @ BPI (1)

Therrya pini @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Cytospora @ BPI (1)

Valsa curreyi @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Rosellinia obliquata @ BPI (1)
_  Cucurbidothis pithyophila @ BPI (2)

Diplozythia @ BPI (3)

Mycelia sterilia @ BPI (1)

Neopeckia coulteri @ BPI (5)

Scoleconectria scolecospora @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
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Following modified from Virgina Tech Forestry Department
   
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/pinus/flexilis.htm

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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Pinus flexilis James
limber pine

Image of Pinus flexilis

General Information
Symbol: PIFL2
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Pinus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Davis, University of California Davis Arboretum. February 4, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, CO. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Inyo Co. 2000. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Inyo Co. 2000. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Wallowa Mountains, Hurricane Creek. October 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Wallowa Mountains, Hurricane Creek. October 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Wallowa Mountains, Thorp Creek, 7400'. October 14, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Wallowa Mountains, Thorp Creek, 7400'. October 14, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. June 6, 2005. Usage Requirements .

E.W. Beasely. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO, Pike National Forest. 1903. Usage Requirements .

J.E. Broaddus. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, UT, Wasatch National Forest. 1911. Usage Requirements .

G.S. Gorscuh. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, WY. 1939. Usage Requirements .

G.S. Gorscuh. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, WY. 1939. Usage Requirements .

C.A. Kutzleb. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO, Arapaho National Forest. 1945. Usage Requirements .

C.A. Kutzleb. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO, Arapaho National Forest. 1945. Usage Requirements .

C.A. Kutzleb. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO, Arapaho National Forest, Hot Sulphur Springs area. 1946. Usage Requirements .

W.H. Shaffer. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NV. 1938. Usage Requirements .

W.H. Shaffer. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, UT. 1938. Usage Requirements .

E.S. Shipp. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO, San Isabel National Forest. 1927. Usage Requirements .

E.S. Shipp. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NM. 1928. Usage Requirements .

K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT, Beartooth National Forest. 1924. Usage Requirements .

K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT, Gallatin National Forest, Hillgard area. 1938. Usage Requirements .

K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT, Gallatin National Forest, Hillgard area. 1938. Usage Requirements .

K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT, Lewis and Clark National Forest, Middle Fork of Judith River. 1939. Usage Requirements .

W.N. Wheeler. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO, Pike National Forest. 1923. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1909. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, SD, Harney National Forest, Cathedral Rocks Picnic Area. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Inyo Co., White Mountains, Schulman Grove. June 13, 2009. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Inyo Co., White Mountains, Schulman Grove. June 13, 2009. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PIFLA Pinus flexilis James ssp. alpina (Silba) Silba
PIFLC Pinus flexilis James ssp. callahanii (Silba) Silba
PIFLA2 Pinus flexilis James var. alpina Silba
PIFLC2 Pinus flexilis James var. callahanii Silba

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Pinus L. – pine
Species Pinus flexilis James – limber pine

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Nevada limber pine Protected as a Cactus, Yucca, or Christmas tree

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PIFL2)
CalPhotos (PIFL2)
Flora of North America (PIFL2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIFL2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PIFL2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (PIFL2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PIFL2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PIFL2)
Native Plants Network (PIFL2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PIFL2)
Related Websites
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (PIFL2)
Canada-British Columbia-Forests (PIFL2)
Conifers From Around The World (Arboretum de Villardebelle) (PIFL2)
DE-University of Delaware Botanic Gardens (PIFL2)
Gymnosperm Database (PIFL2)
IL-Selecting Trees For Your Home (University of Illinois Extension) (PIFL2)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (PIFL2)
OR-Oregon State University Landscape Plants (PIFL2)
UK-Plants For A Future (PIFL2)
USDA FS (PIFL2)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PIFL2)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (PIFL2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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5. Pinus flexilis E. James, Account Exped. Pittsburgh. 2: 27, 35. 1823.

Limber pine, pin blanc de l'ouest

Apinus flexilis (E.James) Rydberg

Trees to 26m; trunk to 2m diam., straight to contorted; crown conic, becoming rounded. Bark gray, nearly smooth, cross-checked in age into scaly plates and ridges. Branches spreading to ascending, often persistent to trunk base; twigs pale red-brown, puberulous (rarely glabrous), slightly resinous, aging gray, smooth. Buds ovoid, light red-brown, 0.9--1cm, resinous; lower scales ciliolate along margins. Leaves 5 per fascicle, spreading to upcurved and ascending, persisting 5--6 years, 3--7cm ´ 1--1.5mm, pliant, dark green, abaxial surface with less conspicuous stomatal bands than adaxial surfaces, adaxial surfaces with strong, pale stomatal bands, margins finely serrulate, apex conic-acute to acuminate; sheath 1--1.5(--2)cm, shed early. Pollen cones broadly ellipsoid-cylindric, ca. 15mm, pale red or yellow. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, shedding seeds and falling soon thereafter, spreading, symmetric, lance-ovoid before opening, cylindro-ovoid when open, 7--15cm, straw-colored, resinous, sessile to short-stalked, apophyses much thickened, strongly cross-keeled, umbo terminal, depressed. Seeds irregularly obovoid; body 10--15mm, brown, sometimes mottled darker, wingless or nearly so. 2 n =24.

High montane forests, often at timberline; (1000--)1500--3600m; Alta., B.C.; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.Mex., N.Dak., Oreg., S.Dak., Utah, Wyo.

Pinus flexilis , much branched with a strongly tapering trunk, is little utilized because of its form and relative inaccessibility. It reportedly forms intermediates with P . strobiformis where the two overlap. The fresh-cut wood has the odor of turpentine.

Updated: 2020-08-09 14:04:35 gmt
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