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Papaver somniferum L.
OPIUM POPPY
Common Poppy; Papaver album Mill

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Papaveraceae   Papaver

Papaver somniferum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Papaver somniferum

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Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum

Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum

Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (3)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma bicolor @ BPI (2)

Entyloma fuscum @ BPI (15)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora papavericola @ BPI (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora arborescens @ BPI (21)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium papaveris @ BPI (2)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (2)

Alternaria @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium papaveris @ BPI (2)

Macrosporium somniferi @ BPI (1)

Pleospora bardanae @ BPI (1)

Pleospora calvescens @ BPI (2)

Pleospora papaveracea @ BPI (11)

Pleospora papaveris @ BPI (1)

Pleospora pellita @ BPI (2)

Pyrenophora calvescens @ BPI (1)

Pyrenophora pellita @ BPI (1)
Trichocomaceae  Eurotium herbariorum @ BPI (1)
_  Cercosporina papaveris @ BPI (1)

Torula herbarum @ BPI (2)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Papaveraceae | Papaver

14. Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 508. 1753.

Opium poppy, common poppy, pavot (commun

Plants to 15 dm, glabrate, glaucous. Stems simple or branching. Leaves to 30 cm; blade sometimes sparsely setose abaxially on midrib; margins usually shallowly to deeply toothed. Inflorescences: peduncle often sparsely setose. Flowers: petals white, pink, red, or purple, often with dark or pale basal spot, to 6 cm; anthers pale yellow; stigmas 5-18, disc ± flat. Capsules stipitate, subglobose, not ribbed, to 9 cm, glaucous.

Flowering spring-summer. Fields, clearings, stream banks, railroads, roadsides, and other disturbed sites; 0-1300 m; introduced; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask.; Ariz., Calif., Conn., Ill., Mass., Maine, Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va.; Europe; Asia.

Unknown in the wild, Papaver somniferum probably came originally from southeastern Europe and/or southwestern Asia. It has been cultivated for centuries as the source of opium (and its modern derivatives heroin, morphine, and codeine), and also for edible seeds and oil. Various color forms with laciniate and/or doubled petals are grown for ornament. Widely introduced from cultivation and also as a crop weed, it should be expected elsewhere in the flora.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Danert, S. 1958. Zur Systematik von Papaver somniferum L. Kulturpflanze 6: 61-88.

Updated: 2024-06-16 12:25:54 gmt
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