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Monarda fistulosa L.
WILD BERGAMOT
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lamiaceae   Monarda

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Monarda fistulosa, Bee-balm
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Monarda fistulosa, Bee-balm

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Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda fistulosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Monarda fistulosa

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena placata @ B_AW (1)

Andrena rudbeckiae @ B_AW (1)

Andrena wilkella @ B_AW (1)

Pseudopanurgus parvus @ AMNH_BEE (7)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSUC_TCN (2); NCSU_ENT (17)
Apidae  Anthophora terminalis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus affinis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus appositus @ AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL (1)

Bombus auricomus @ B_AW (9)

Bombus bimaculatus @ B_AW (5)

Bombus borealis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus centralis @ BBSL (2)

Bombus citrinus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus fervidus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ B_AW (68); CUIC_ENT (1); EMEC (2)

Bombus grissecollis @ B_AW (1)

Bombus impatiends @ B_AW (1)

Bombus impatiens @ B_AW (24)

Bombus mixtus @ BBSL (1)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ B_AW (1); AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus perplexus @ B_AW (1)

Bombus rufocinctus @ BBSL (2)

Bombus ternarius @ BBSL (2); AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus terricola @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus vagans @ BBSL (18); AMNH_BEE (1); B_AW (1)

Ceratina dupla @ B_AW (1)

Ceratina nr @ B_AW (1)

Melissodes bimaculata @ AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL (2)

Melissodes bimaculatus @ B_AW (3)

Melissodes communis @ B_AW (1)

Melissodes desponsus @ B_AW (3)

Melissodes nr @ B_AW (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca erigeron @ III (1)

Empoasca fabae @ III (1)

Empoasca radiata @ III (7)
Coccinellidae  Coccinella septempunctata @ I_LB (1)

Hippodamia convergens @ I_LB (2)
Colletidae  Hylaeus mesillae @ B_AW (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (3)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ B_AW (3)

Augochlorella aurata @ B_AW (2)

Augochlorella durata @ B_AW (1)

Augochlorella persimilis @ B_AW (1)

Augochlorella pura @ B_AW (1)

Augochlorella striata @ BBSL (1)

Dufourea monardae @ B_AW (1); CUIC_ENT (3); BBSL (5); AMNH_BEE (7)

Halictus confusus @ B_AW (1)

Halictus ligatus @ B_AW (4)

Halictus parallelus @ B_AW (1)

Lasioglossum anomalom @ B_AW (2)

Lasioglossum anomalum @ B_AW (3); AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum hitchensi @ B_AW (27)

Lasioglossum laevissimum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum paradmirandum @ B_AW (1)

Lasioglossum trigeminum @ B_AW (1)

Sphecodes cresonii @ B_AW (1)
Megachilidae  Heriades carinata @ CUIC_ENT (1); AMNH_BEE (2); B_AW (2)

Heriades carinatus @ BBSL (3)

Hoplitis pilosiforns @ B_AW (1)

Hoplitis pilosifrons @ B_AW (1)

Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile brevis @ B_AW (1)

Megachile latimanus @ B_AW (4)

Osmia tristella @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ramularia variata @ BPI (7)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia menthae @ 084199B (1); BPI (250); 084199A (1)
Reduviidae  Reduvius sonoraensis @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium holwayi @ BPI (15)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium menthae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Monarda fistulosa L.
wild bergamot

Image of Monarda fistulosa

General Information
Symbol: MOFI
Group: Dicot
Family: Lamiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Monarda thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . West Region, Sacramento. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 132. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae ⁄ Labiatae – Mint family
Genus Monarda L. – beebalm
Species Monarda fistulosa L. – wild bergamot

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 6 subspecies of Monarda fistulosa . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Monarda fistulosa</i>
L. var. <i>
brevis</i>
Fosberg & Artz
Monarda fistulosa var. brevis
wild bergamot Distribution of <i>
Monarda fistulosa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
fistulosa </i>
Monarda fistulosa ssp. fistulosa
wild bergamot Distribution of <i>
Monarda fistulosa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
fistulosa</i>
var. <i>
fistulosa </i>
Monarda fistulosa ssp. fistulosa var. fistulosa
wild bergamot Distribution of <i>
Monarda fistulosa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
fistulosa</i>
var. <i>
menthifolia</i>
(Graham) Fernald
Monarda fistulosa ssp. fistulosa var. menthifolia
mintleaf bergamot Distribution of <i>
Monarda fistulosa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
fistulosa</i>
var. <i>
mollis</i>
(L.) Benth.
Monarda fistulosa ssp. fistulosa var. mollis
wild bergamot Distribution of <i>
Monarda fistulosa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
fistulosa</i>
var. <i>
rubra</i>
A. Gray
Monarda fistulosa ssp. fistulosa var. rubra
wild bergamot

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Rhode Island wild bergamot Historical
U.S. Weed Information
Monarda fistulosa wild bergamot This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont UPL
Great Plains UPL
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MOFI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MOFI)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (MOFI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (MOFI)
Native Plants Network (MOFI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (MOFI)
Related Websites
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (MOFI)
Herb Society of America (MOFI)
IL-Illinois State Museum (MOFI)
KY-Wildflowers of Western Kentucky (MOFI)
MO-Missouri Plants (MOFI)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (MOFI)
TX-Chihuahuan Desert Plants (MOFI)
UK-Plants For A Future (MOFI)
USDI GS NPWRC-Native Wildflowers of the North Dakota Grasslands (MOFI)
VA-Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (MOFI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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