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Matthiola incana (L.) W. T. Aiton
Common Stock; Cheiranthus incanus L; Hoary Stock; Tenweeks stock

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Matthiola

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Matthiola incana
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Matthiola incana

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Lipaphis erysimi @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Apidae  Anthophora edwardsii @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Corticiaceae  Rhizoctonia @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Oidium matthiolae @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora matthiolae @ BPI (6)

Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (6)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cinerea @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum @ BPI (1)

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Matthiola incana (L.) W.T. Aiton
tenweeks stock

Image of Matthiola incana

General Information
Symbol: MAIN4
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   W
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


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Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, CA, San Francisco, Strybing Arboretum. Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Matthiola W.T. Aiton – stock
Species Matthiola incana (L.) W.T. Aiton – tenweeks stock

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Matthiola incana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Matthiola incana</i>
(L.) W.T. Aiton var. <i>
(Sweet) Voss [excluded]
Matthiola incana var. annua

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

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ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MAIN4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAIN4)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (MAIN4)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 254 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Matthiola

1. Matthiola incana (Linnaeus) W. T. Aiton in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 4: 119. 1812. (as Mathiola).

Cheiranthus incanus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 662. 1753

Biennials or perennials, rarely annuals; usually densely tomentose. Stems erect, (1-) 2.5-6(-9) dm, (unbranched or branched distally), often tomentose. Basal leaves often in vegetative rosettes. Cauline leaves shortly petiolate or sessile; blade linear-oblanceolate, narrowly oblong, or lanceolate, (2.5-) 4-16(-22) cm × (5-)8-18(-25) mm (smaller distally), base attenuate to cuneate, margins usually entire or repand, rarely sinuate. Fruiting pedicels ascending, straight or slightly curved, (6-)10-20(-25) mm, thinner than fruit. Flowers: sepals linear-lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 10-15 × 2-3 mm; petals purple, violet, pink, or white, obovate to ovate, 20-30 × 7-15 mm, claw 10-17 mm (margin not crisped), apex rounded or emarginate; filaments 5-8 mm; anthers 3-4 mm. Fruits divaricate-ascending to suberect, latiseptate, (4-)6-12(-15) cm × (3-)4-6 mm; valves densely pubescent; style 1-5 mm; stigma without horns. Seeds orbicular or nearly so, 2.5-3.2 mm diam.; wing 0.2-0.5 mm. 2 n = 14.

Flowering Mar-Jun. Ocean cliffs and bluffs, sandy areas near beaches, roadsides, abandoned gardens; 0-300 m; introduced; Calif., Tex.; Europe; introduced also elsewhere in the New World, Australia.

Matthiola incana is widely cultivated worldwide for its attractive, highly scented flowers.

Updated: 2020-05-29 21:14:53 gmt
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