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Lotus corniculatus L.
Birdsfoot Trefoil; Lotus major Scop; Common Birds-foot-trefoil

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Lotus

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Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus
Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus

Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus
Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus

Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus
Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus

Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus
Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus

Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus
Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus

Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus
Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus

Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lotus corniculatus
Lotus corniculatus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Lotus corniculatus

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma hosackiae @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena crataegi @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena imitatrix @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena miranda @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena perplexa @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena platyparia @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena prunorum @ BBSL (1)

Andrena robertsonii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena spiraeana @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (148); UCMS_ENT (5); MLSB__N16- (2)
Aphididae  Acyrthosiphon ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ BBSL (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Bombus rufocinctus @ BBSL__JPS (2)

Bombus ternarius @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Exomalopsis solani @ BBSL (2)

Melissodes paroselae @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes subagilis @ BBSL (1)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (4)
Colletidae  Hylaeus hyalinatus @ MLSB__N16- (1)
Corticiaceae  Rhizoctonia @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Duebenia compta @ BPI (2)

Pyrenopeziza compressula @ BPI (2)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis loti @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe martii @ BPI (1)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Augochlorella aurata @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Halictus confusus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Halictus farinosus @ BBSL (2)

Lasioglossum ( @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Lasioglossum hitchensi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum zonulum @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Magnaporthaceae  Mycoleptodiscus terrestris @ 403847A (1); 403847B (1)
Megachilidae  Anthidiellum robertsoni @ BBSL__KWC (7)

Anthidiellum strigatum @ BBSL (1)

Anthidium collectum @ UCRC_ENT (46)

Anthidium florentinum @ BBSL (1)

Anthidium loti @ BBSL (1)

Anthidium manicatum @ UCMS_ENT (1); MLSB__N16- (1)

Anthidium oblongatum @ AMNH_BEE (1); MLSB__N16- (25); PN- (8)

Anthidium taeniatum @ BBSL (2)

Coelioxys rufitarsis @ UCMS_ENT (1); BBSL (2)

Coelioxys sayi @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Hoplitis spoliata @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile angelarum @ BBSL__KWC (4); BBSL (4)

Megachile brevis @ BBSL__KWC (8); UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile centuncularis @ CUIC_ENT (1); MLSB__N16- (2); BBSL (1); PN- (1)

Megachile frigida @ MLSB__N16- (3); BBSL (2)

Megachile gemula @ CUIC_ENT (5); UCMS_ENT (1); BBSL (1)

Megachile gentilis @ BBSL__KWC (2)

Megachile latimanus @ CUIC_ENT (1); UCMS_ENT (7)

Megachile lippiae @ BBSL__KWC (1)

Megachile maritima @ BBSL (2)

Megachile melanophaea @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile mendica @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Megachile montivaga @ BBSL__KWC (1)

Megachile occidentalis @ BBSL__KWC (5)

Megachile onobrychidis @ BBSL__KWC (8)

Megachile perihirta @ BBSL__KWC (1)

Megachile relativa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile rotundata @ PN- (5); MLSB__N16- (9); BBSL (2); CUIC_ENT (3)

Megachile texana @ BBSL__KWC (10)

Megachile willughbiella @ BBSL (1)

Osmia albolateralis @ BBSL (2)

Osmia atriventris @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Osmia atrocyanea @ BBSL (1)

Osmia caerulescens @ MLSB__N16- (2); CUIC_ENT (2)

Osmia simillima @ BBSL (1)

Osmia xanthomelana @ BBSL (1)
Membracidae  Campylenchia latipes @ UDCC_TCN (3)
Miridae  Deraeocoris maoricus @ UNSW_ENT (2)

Lincolnia sp_34 @ UNSW_ENT (1)

Sidnia kinbergi @ UNSW_ENT (7)

Trigonotylus caelestialium @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ovularia sphaeroidea @ BPI (5)

Ramularia schulzeri @ BPI (2)
Nabidae  Nabis kinbergii @ UNSW_ENT (1)
Pentatomidae  Oncocoris sp_2 @ UNSW_ENT (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora lotorum @ BPI (6)

Peronospora trifoliorum @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium globuliferum @ BPI (1)

Stemphylium loti @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae @ BPI (5)

Uromyces euphorbiae @ BPI (1)

Uromyces loti @ BPI (26)

Uromyces striatus @ BPI (11)

Uromyces trifolii @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia trifoliorum @ BPI (2)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium aureum @ BPI (3)
_  Cicadellidae @ PN- (4)

Darluca genistalis @ BPI (1)

Diptera @ PN- (2)

Discostromella hysterioides @ BPI (1)

Hymenoptera @ PN- (1)

Lycaenidae @ PN- (2)

Macrophomina phaseolina @ BPI (1)

Miridae @ PN- (7)

Urophlyctis potteri @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Lotus corniculatus L. Birds-foot Trefoil
Fabaceae — Bean family
Lotus corniculatus
White Clay Creek State Park -- Pump House Road
July 2009 Lotus corniculatus
White Clay Creek State Park -- Pump House Road
May 2010 Lotus corniculatus Lotus corniculatus
Lake Gerar, Rehoboth
August 2014

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Fabales  
 Family Fabaceae  
 Genus Lotus  
  Lotus corniculatus  
  L.  subsp.  japonicus  (Regel) H.Ohashi 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 6: 66, 2003
Name Code: 203178
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LOCO6 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LOCO6
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LOCO6 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LOCO6
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LOCO6 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LOCO6
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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Lotus corniculatus L.
bird's-foot trefoil

Image of Lotus corniculatus

General Information
Symbol: LOCO6
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Other Common Names: birdsfoot trefoil
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Lotus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 359. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Lotus L. – trefoil
Species Lotus corniculatus L. – bird's-foot trefoil

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 4 subspecies of Lotus corniculatus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Lotus corniculatus</i>
L. var. <i>
Lotus corniculatus var. carnosus
Distribution of <i>
Lotus corniculatus</i>
L. var. <i>
corniculatus </i>
Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus
bird's-foot trefoil Distribution of <i>
Lotus corniculatus</i>
L. ssp. <i>
Lotus corniculatus ssp. frondosus
Distribution of <i>
Lotus corniculatus</i>
L. var. <i>
W.D.J. Koch
Lotus corniculatus var. hirsutus

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Lotus corniculatus birdfoot deervetch birdsfoot trefoil bloomfell cat's clover crowtoes ground honeysuckle This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LOCO6)
CalPhotos (LOCO6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LOCO6)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (LOCO6)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (LOCO6)
Related Websites
CA-Jepson Flora Project (LOCO6)
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (LOCO6)
Cover crops database at the UC Davis Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SAREP) (LOCO6)
FAO-Picture Gallery (LOCO6)
IN-Purdue University Center for New Crops (LOCO6)
MA-University of Massachusetts (LOCO6)
NY-Cornell University: Poisonous Plant Databases (images) (LOCO6)
OH-Seed ID (LOCO6)
Sweden-Den Virtuella Floran (good images) (LOCO6)
UK-BBC Gardening (LOCO6)
UK-BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (LOCO6)
USDA NRCS Midwestern Wetland Flora (LOCO6)
WA-Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture (U. of Washington) (LOCO6)
www.invasives.org (LOCO6)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow Low Low


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover

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