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Dactylis glomerata L.
COCKSFOOT
Orchard Grass; Cockfoot; Cocks-foot-grass; Cocks-foot grass; Cooks-foot Grass; Dactylis hispanica Roth; Cocks-foot; Dactylis polygama; Orchardgrass

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Poaceae   Dactylis

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Dactylis glomerata, Orchard Grass
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Dactylis glomerata, Orchard Grass
Dactylis glomerata, Orchard Grass
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Dactylis glomerata, Orchard Grass

Dactylis glomerata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dactylis glomerata
Dactylis glomerata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dactylis glomerata

Dactylis glomerata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dactylis glomerata
Dactylis glomerata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dactylis glomerata

Dactylis glomerata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dactylis glomerata
Dactylis glomerata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dactylis glomerata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Dactylis glomerata, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dactylis glomerata, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Dactylis glomerata, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dactylis glomerata, stem - showing leaf bases

Dactylis glomerata, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dactylis glomerata, leaf - on upper stem
Dactylis glomerata, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dactylis glomerata, whole plant - in flower - general view

Dactylis glomerata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Dactylis glomerata
Dactylis glomerata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dactylis glomerata

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Rhopalosiphum padi @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Schizaphis graminum @ NCSU (4)

Sitobion ( @ AMNH_PBI (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta owensii @ BPI (1)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (3)
Clavicipitaceae  Claviceps microcephala @ BPI (5)

Claviceps purpurea @ BPI (23)

Claviceps @ BPI (5)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium dactylidis @ BPI (1)

Mollisia culmigena @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe graminis @ BPI (14)

Oidium monilioides @ BPI (2)
Excipulaceae  Dinemasporium graminum @ BPI (2)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum cereale @ BPI (6)

Colletotrichum graminicola @ BPI (14); 880277A (1); 880285A (1)
Halictidae  Augochlora pura @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Discosphaerina seriata @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Irbisia californica @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Irbisia nigripes @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Irbisia sericans @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Irbisia serrata @ AMNH_PBI (25)

Leptopterna dolabrata @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Orthops scutellatus @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Pithanus maerkelii @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Stenotus binotatus @ AMNH_ENT (1); BPBM_TCN (9)

Trigonotylus viridis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercosporidium graminis @ BPI (3)

Mycosphaerella ignobilis @ BPI (1)

Passalora dactylidis @ BPI (1)

Passalora dactylina @ BPI (1)

Selenophoma donacis @ BPI (9)

Septoria dactylina @ 379005B (1); 379005A (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium roseum @ 880277C (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria culmicola @ BPI (1)

Leptosphaeria culmifraga @ BPI (1)

Leptosphaeria culmorum @ BPI (7)

Leptosphaeria eustoma @ BPI (1)

Leptosphaeria microscopica @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria nigrans @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria @ BPI (1)

Stagonospora arenaria @ BPI (6); 374729A (1); 374729B (1)

Stagonospora maculata @ BPI (1)

Stagonospora subseriata @ BPI (2)

Stagonospora @ BPI (1)
Phyllachoraceae  Gibellina cerealis @ BPI (1)

Phyllachora bromi @ BPI (1)

Phyllachora graminis @ BPI (1)

Phyllachora silvatica @ BPI (1)
Physodermataceae  Physoderma @ BPI (5)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium rostratum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium vagans @ BPI (3)

Helminthosporium @ BPI (2)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum neglectum @ BPI (1)

Pleospora herbarum @ BPI (1)

Pleospora infectoria @ BPI (1)

Pleospora vagans @ BPI (1)

Stemphylium @ 880277D (1)
Pseudococcidae  Phenacoccus graminicola @ CSCA_TCN (4)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia coronata @ BPI (5)

Puccinia dactylidina @ BPI (1)

Puccinia dactylidis @ BPI (3)

Puccinia graminis @ 071499A (1); 071513A (1); 071499B (1); 195486B (1); BPI (111); 071519A (1); 071519B (1); 071513B (1); 195486A (1)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (2)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (1)

Puccinia striiformis @ 104828C (1); BPI (8); 104828B (1); 104828A (1)

Uromyces dactylidis @ 003862C (1); BPI (66); 003862A (1); 003862B (1)
Rhytismataceae  Lophodermium arundinaceum @ BPI (4)
Sclerotiniaceae  Myriosclerotinia @ BPI (1)
Tilletiaceae  Tilletia striiformis @ BPI (2)
Typhulaceae  Pistillaria culmigena @ BPI (1)

Sclerotium clavus @ BPI (1)

Sclerotium rolfsii @ BPI (1)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis agropyri @ BPI (3)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago dactylidis @ BPI (1)

Ustilago hypodytes @ BPI (1)

Ustilago salveii @ BPI (10)

Ustilago striiformis @ BPI (146)

Ustilago @ BPI (1)
_  Acremonium typhinum @ BPI (1)

Coniothecium glumarum @ BPI (1)

Dilophospora graminis @ BPI (2)

Epichloe typhina @ 635600B (1); 635600A (1); BPI (41)

Fumago vagans @ BPI (1)

Mastigosporium album @ BPI (9)

Mastigosporium calvum @ 421144A (1); 421144B (1); BPI (16)

Mastigosporium muticum @ BPI (2)

Mastigosporium rubricosum @ BPI (3)

Metopolophium dirhodum @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Nigrospora sphaerica @ 880277B (1); 880285B (1)

Rhynchosporium orthosporum @ BPI (10)

Scolicotrichum graminis @ 425018B (1); 424995B (1); 424995A (1); BPI (71); 424954B (1); 424954A (1); 425018A (1)

Scopinella solani @ BPI (11)

Sphacelia typhina @ BPI (1)

Torula herbarum @ BPI (1)

Wojnowicia graminis @ BPI (1); 374412A (1); 374412B (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (16)

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Following modified from USID_Seeds
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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 403 Forbidden http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=5&page=376

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Poales  
 Family Poaceae  
 Genus Dactylis  
  Dactylis glomerata    L. 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Aeluropus smithii Bromus cylindraceus Bromus glomeratus Dactylis abbreviata Dactylis altaica Dactylis aschersoniana Dactylis canariensis Dactylis capitellata Dactylis cylindracea Dactylis decalcata Dactylis glaucescens details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 5: 376, 2000; 台灣入侵及外來種圖鑑, 林業試驗所 2005; Flora of China Vol. 22(Poaceae). 2006.
Name Code: 201464
   Alien     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    National Plant Genetic Resources Center    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)    Nature Campus  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAGL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAGL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAGL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DAGL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DAGL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DAGL
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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Dactylis glomerata L.
orchardgrass

Image of Dactylis glomerata

General Information
Symbol: DAGL
Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
HI   I
L48   I
PR   I
SPM   I
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Dactylis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Denmark, Copenhagen. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 10, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 10, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 10, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 10, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 10, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 10, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 251. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States . USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 200. Washington, DC. 1950. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family
Genus Dactylis L. – orchardgrass
Species Dactylis glomerata L. – orchardgrass

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 8 subspecies of Dactylis glomerata . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Dactylis glomerata</i>
L. ssp. <i>
aschersoniana</i>
(Graebn.) Thell.
Dactylis glomerata ssp. aschersoniana
Ascherson's orchardgrass Distribution of <i>
Dactylis glomerata</i>
L. ssp. <i>
glomerata </i>
Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata
orchardgrass Distribution of <i>
Dactylis glomerata</i>
L. ssp. <i>
himalayensis</i>
Domin
Dactylis glomerata ssp. himalayensis
Distribution of <i>
Dactylis glomerata</i>
L. ssp. <i>
hispanica</i>
(Roth) Nyman
Dactylis glomerata ssp. hispanica
Distribution of <i>
Dactylis glomerata</i>
L. ssp. <i>
lobata</i>
(Drejer) H. Lindb.
Dactylis glomerata ssp. lobata
Distribution of <i>
Dactylis glomerata</i>
L. ssp. <i>
lusitanica</i>
Stebbins & D. Zohary
Dactylis glomerata ssp. lusitanica
Distribution of <i>
Dactylis glomerata</i>
L. ssp. <i>
smithii</i>
(Link) Stebbins & D. Zohary
Dactylis glomerata ssp. smithii
Distribution of <i>
Dactylis glomerata</i>
L. ssp. <i>
woronowii</i>
(Ovcz.) Stebbins & D. Zohary
Dactylis glomerata ssp. woronowii

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Dactylis glomerata cocksfoot orchardgrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean UPL
Hawaii UPL
North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (DAGL)
CalPhotos (DAGL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DAGL)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (DAGL)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (DAGL)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Illustration (DAGL)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (DAGL)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (DAGL)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (DAGL)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (DAGL)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (DAGL)
Related Websites
AR-Cool Season Perennial Grasses Series (DAGL)
CA-UCIPM Pest Management and Identification (DAGL)
FAO-Animal Feed Resources Information System (DAGL)
Forestry Images (DAGL)
HI-Plants of Hawaii (HEAR) (DAGL)
IA-Grasses of Iowa (DAGL)
IL-Turfgrass Species (DAGL)
IN-Purdue Forage Information (DAGL)
KS-Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses (DAGL)
KY-1999 Orchardgrass Report (DAGL)
MN-MAES Variety Trials and Resources (DAGL)
MO-Missouri Plants (DAGL)
MO-University of Missouri Extension Fact Sheet (DAGL)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (DAGL)
OR-Orchardgrass Information System (DAGL)
Oregon State U. Coop. Ext. Forages (DAGL)
PA-Forages Fact Sheet (DAGL)
UK-Plants For A Future (DAGL)
UK-Skye Flora (DAGL)
USDA NRCS Northeast Wetland Flora (USGS) (DAGL)
USFS: Fire Effects Information System (DAGL)
UT-Range Plants of Utah (DAGL)
University of Arizona, College of Agriculture: images (DAGL)
University of Hawaii Botany Department: Alien Plants of Hawaii (DAGL)
WV-Identification of Common Grasses (line drawings of collar area) (DAGL)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor
Yarrow Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Yarrow

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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