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Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
PERENNIAL THISTLE
Creeping thistle; Canada Thistle; Serratula arvensis L; Carduus arvensis L Robson; Cnicus arvensis L Roth; Breea arvensis L Less; Cephalonoplos arvensis L Fourr; Carduus lanatus Roxb ex Willd; Cirsium lanatum Roxb ex Willd Spreng

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Cirsium

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Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium arvense
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Canada Thistle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 3
Cirsium arvense, Canada Thistle
Cirsium arvense
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium arvense
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Cirsium arvense

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma cirsii @ BPI (1)
Albuginaceae  Albugo spinulosus @ BPI (10)

Albugo tragopogonis @ BPI (36)
Andrenidae  Andrena crataegi @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena medionitens @ BBSL (1)

Andrena vicina @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena wilkella @ B_AW (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (5); NCSU_ENT (4)

Brachycaudus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2); NCSU_ENT (1); CSUC_TCN (1)

Capitophorus carduinus @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Capitophorus elaeagni @ AMNH_PBI (2); NCSU_ENT (3)

Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (1)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (7)
Apidae  Anthophora terminalis @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Anthophora urbana @ BBSL (1)

Apis mellifera @ MLSB__N16- (13); BBSL (1)

Bombus appositus @ BBSL (1)

Bombus ashtoni @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Bombus bimaculatus @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Bombus borealis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Bombus californicus @ BBSL__JPS (1)

Bombus caliginosus @ BBSL (2)

Bombus fervidus @ B_AW (1); BBSL__JPS (11); UCMS_ENT (1); UCRC_ENT (1)

Bombus flavidus @ EMEC (16)

Bombus flavifrons @ DART_ENT (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ UCMS_ENT (1); MLSB__N16- (3); BBSL (1)

Bombus huntii @ BBSL (3)

Bombus insularis @ BBSL (3)

Bombus lapidarius @ I_JSA (3)

Bombus mixtus @ BBSL (5)

Bombus occidentalis @ BBSL__JPS (2)

Bombus perplexus @ EMEC (28)

Bombus rufocinctus @ BBSL (27)

Bombus suckleyi @ BBSL (1)

Bombus terricola @ EMEC (7)

Bombus vagans @ B_AW (2); EMEC (1); BBSL__JPS (1); UCRC_ENT (2)

Ceratina calcarata @ UCMS_ENT (6); MLSB__N16- (9)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Ceratina mikmaqi @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Ceratina nanula @ BBSL (1)

Diadasia enavata @ BBSL (6)

Melissodes bimaculatus @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Melissodes desponsa @ CUIC_ENT (23)

Melissodes rivalis @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes subillatus @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Nomada articulata @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Svastra obliqua @ BBSL (1)

Triepeolus donatus @ CUIC_ENT (15)

Xylocopa virginica @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta cirsii @ BPI (2)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Ceratostomataceae  Sphaeroderma theleboloides @ BPI (1)
Chrysomelidae  Diabrotica undecimpunctata @ MLSB__N16- (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ MLSB__N16- (1)
Colletidae  Colletes fulgidus @ BBSL (1)

Colletes kincaidii @ BBSL (1)

Colletes phaceliae @ BBSL (4)

Colletes simulans @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Hylaeus affinis/modestus @ B_AW (1); MLSB__N16- (1)

Hylaeus affinis @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Hylaeus bisinuatus @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus episcopalis @ BBSL (7); RMBL_ENT (1)

Hylaeus modestus @ RMBL_ENT (1); UCMS_ENT (1)

Hylaeus schwarzii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Hylaeus wootoni @ BBSL (1)

Leioproctus fulvescens @ BBSL (1)
Crabronidae  Bembix americana @ I_ADG (1)

Glenostictia pictifrons @ I_ADG (1)
Dermateaceae  Mollisia cinerea @ BPI (1)

Mollisia teucrii @ BPI (2)

Niptera carduorum @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (3)

Erysiphe mayorii @ BPI (4)

Sphaerotheca fuliginea @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon angelicus @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon virescens @ UCMS_ENT (7); B_AW (1); BBSL (5)

Augochlora pura @ B_AW (1)

Augochlorella aurata @ B_AW (1)

Augochloropsis metallica @ B_AW (1)

Halictus confusus @ B_AW (1)

Halictus farinosus @ BBSL (1)

Halictus ligatus @ B_AW (5); UCMS_ENT (1)

Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (2)

Lasioglossum albipenne @ B_AW (1)

Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum egregium @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum hitchensi @ B_AW (1)

Lasioglossum paradmirandum @ B_AW (1)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum pruinosum @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum sisymbrii @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum titusi @ BBSL (2)

Sphecodes confertus @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Sphecodes davisii @ B_AW (1)
Helotiaceae  Cyathicula cyathoidea @ BPI (2)
Megachilidae  Heriades carinata @ B_AW (1); MLSB__N16- (1)

Megachile brevis @ BBSL (1)

Megachile centuncularis @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Megachile frigida @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Megachile inermis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile latimanus @ CUIC_ENT (9); UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile mendica @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Megachile pugnata @ CUIC_ENT (7)

Megachile texana @ BBSL (1)

Megachile wheeleri @ BBSL (2)

Osmia bruneri @ BBSL (1)

Osmia californica @ BBSL (1)

Osmia coloradensis @ BBSL__BBSLID (2)
Membracidae  Campylenchia latipes @ UDCC_NRI (2); NCSU (1)

Entylia carinata @ UDCC_NRI (2); UDCC_TCN (56); NCSU (6)
Miridae  Lygus hesperus @ NCSU_ENT (5)

Slaterocoris breviatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Stenotus binotatus @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Muscidae  Stomoxys calcitrans @ MLSB__N16- (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella cirsii-arvensis @ BPI (7)

Ramularia cirsii-arvensis @ BPI (1)

Ramularia filaris @ BPI (1)

Septoria arvensis @ BPI (1)

Septoria cirsii @ BPI (31)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium tricinctum @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Bremia lactucae @ BPI (6); 786296A (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Ophiobolus acuminatus @ BPI (4)

Ophiobolus cirsii @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria montanica @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia cirsii @ BPI (4)

Puccinia obtegens @ BPI (19)

Puccinia punctiformis @ BPI (232)

Puccinia suaveolens @ 786296B (1); 842765B (1); 842765A (1); BPI (118)

Puccinia @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Leptostroma herbarum @ BPI (1)
Syrphidae  Syritta pipiens @ MLSB__N16- (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Pistillaria micans @ BPI (1)

Typhula grevillei @ 296014B (1); 296014A (1)
_  Aecidiolum cirsii @ BPI (1)

Cystopus tragopogonis @ BPI (1)

Pyrenochaeta erysiphoides @ BPI (1)

Sphaeronaema sessatulae @ BPI (1)

Uredo suaveolens @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from PCA Alien Plant Working Group
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Canada Thistle
Asteraceae — Aster family
Invasive non-native
Cirsium arvense
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
June 2001 Cirsium arvense
Prides Crossing
September 2009 Cirsium arvense
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
June 2011

Guide to Cirsium of Delaware

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIAR4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIAR4
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIAR4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIAR4
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIAR4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIAR4
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
Canada thistle

Image of Cirsium arvense

General Information
Symbol: CIAR4
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cirsium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . West Region, Sacramento. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, OR, Harney Co. July 27, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, OR, Harney Co. July 27, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, IL, Aurora. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Lindsey Koepke. United States, WA, Pierce Co., Ashford, Tahoma Woods. August 6, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Lindsey Koepke. United States, WA, Pierce Co., Ashford, Tahoma Woods. August 6, 2005. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 553. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BRAR20 Breea arvensis (L.) Less.
BRIN18 Breea incana (S.G. Gmel.) W.A. Weber, ined.
CAAR29 Carduus arvensis (L.) Robson
CIARA3 Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. argenteum (Vest) Fiori
CIARH Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. horridum Wimm. & Grab.
CIARI2 Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. integrifolium Wimm. & Grab.
CIARM Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. mite Wimm. & Grab.
CIARV Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. vestitum Wimm. & Grab.
CIIN7 Cirsium incanum (S.G. Gmel.) Fisch. ex M. Bieb.
CISE Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Besser ex M. Bieb.
SEAR12 Serratula arvensis L.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Cirsium Mill. – thistle
Species Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. – Canada thistle

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Alaska Canada thistle Noxious weed
Arizona Canada thistle Prohibited noxious weed
Arkansas Cirsium
thistle Noxious weed
California Canada thistle B list (noxious weeds)
Colorado Canada thistle B list (noxious weeds)
Connecticut Canada thistle Potentially invasive, banned
Delaware Canada thistle Noxious weed
Hawaii Canada thistle Noxious weed
Idaho Canada thistle Noxious weed
Illinois Canada thistle Noxious weed
Indiana Canada thistle Noxious weed
Iowa Cirsium
thistle Primary noxious weed Canada thistle Primary noxious weed
Kansas Canada thistle Noxious weed
Kentucky Canada thistle Noxious weed
Maryland Canada thistle Noxious weed
Michigan Canada thistle Noxious weed
Minnesota Canada thistle Prohibited noxious weed
Missouri Canada thistle Noxious weed
Montana Canada thistle Category 1 noxious weed
Nebraska Canada thistle Noxious weed
Nevada Canada thistle Noxious weed
New Mexico Canada thistle Class A noxious weed
North Carolina Canada thistle Class B noxious weed
North Dakota Canada thistle Noxious weed
Ohio Canada thistle Prohibited noxious weed
Oklahoma Canada thistle Noxious weed
Oregon Canada thistle "B" designated weed Canada thistle Quarantine
Pennsylvania Canadian thistle Noxious weed
South Dakota Canada thistle Noxious weed Canada thistle Regulated non-native plant species
Utah Canada thistle Noxious weed
Washington Canada thistle Class C noxious weed
Wisconsin Canada thistle Noxious weed
Wyoming Canada thistle Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Cirsium Cirsium arvense Californian thistle Canada thistle creeping thistle field thistle This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FAC
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CIAR4)
CalPhotos (CIAR4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAAR29)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIAR4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIARA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIARH)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIARI2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIARM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIARV)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIIN7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CISE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SEAR12)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CIAR4)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CIAR4)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CIAR4)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CIAR4)
University of Washington Burke Museum (CIAR4)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CIAR4)
Related Websites
Arizona: abstract & image of Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) (CIAR4)
CO-CSU Extension Fact Sheet (CIAR4)
CO-Douglas County Weed Education (CIAR4)
Canada-Invasive Exotic Plant Fact Sheets (CIAR4)
Colorado Plant Talk: Canada thistle (CIAR4)
Colorado-Douglas County: Integrated weed management of Canada thistle (CIAR4)
Idaho One Plan: noxious abstract & images (CIAR4)
Illinois Nature Preserve Commission: Canada thistle (CIAR4)
International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds (WSSA) (CIAR4)
KS-Noxious Weeds in Kansas (CIAR4)
Montana WOW: Canada thistle (CIAR4)
NE-University of Nebraska Weed Publications (CIAR4)
NPCI Alien Plant Working Group: abstract & image (CIAR4)
NV-Extension Weed Wanted Posters (CIAR4)
NebGuide: Canada thistle (CIAR4)
OK-OSU Extension-Thistles and their Identification (CIAR4)
Ohio State University: Identifying noxious weeds (CIAR4)
Purdue University: Control practices for Canada thistle (CIAR4)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (CIAR4)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (CIAR4)
UT-Concepts of Biological Control (CIAR4)
UT-Unwanted Weeds-Utah Department of Transportation (CIAR4)
Victoria - Natural Resources & Environment: Landcare Notes (CIAR4)
Virginia Native Plant Society: Canada thistle (CIAR4)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources: abstract (CIAR4)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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