D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp

Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Cardamine

ERROR: can't read /DL/db/CP/NAME_link.db database.

Cardamine pensylvanica
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Cardamine pensylvanica

Click on map for details about points.

80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Cardamine pensylvanica
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Cardamine pensylvanica
Cardamine pensylvanica
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Cardamine pensylvanica

Cardamine pensylvanica
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Cardamine pensylvanica
Cardamine pensylvanica
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Cardamine pensylvanica

Cardamine pensylvanica, plant
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Cardamine pensylvanica, plant

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (9)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd. Pennsylvania Bittercress
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Cardamine pensylvanica
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
May 2004 Cardamine pensylvanica
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
April 2008 Cardamine pensylvanica
Woodlawn Tract
April 2016

Guide to Cardamine of Delaware

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://missouriplants.com/Whitealt/Cardamine_pensylvanica_page.html

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAPE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAPE3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAPE3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CAPE3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CAPE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CAPE3
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
 Alternative Crops
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
PLANTS Image Gallery
 50,000+ Plant Images
Download PLANTS data
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
Related tools
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
Pennsylvania bittercress

Image of Cardamine pensylvanica

General Information
Symbol: CAPE3
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cardamine thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 184. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
CAPEB Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd. var. brittoniana Farw.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Cardamine L. – bittercress
Species Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd. – Pennsylvania bittercress

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACW
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAPE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAPEB)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CAPE3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CAPE3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CAPE3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CAPE3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CAPE3)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 7 Page 466, 482 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Cardamine

34. Cardamine pensylvanica Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 486. 1801.

Cardamine flexuosa Withering subsp. pensylvanica (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) O. E. Schulz; C. hirsuta Linnaeus var. pensylvanica (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) P. W. Graff; C. multifolia Rydberg; C. pensylvanica var. brittoniana Farwell; C. rotundifolia Michaux var. diversifolia O. E. Schulz; Dracamine pensylvanica (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nieuwland

Annuals or biennials; sparsely hirsute basally, glabrous distally. Rhizomes absent. Stems (simple from base), erect, (not flexuous), unbranched or branched distally, (0.5-)1.5-5.5(-7) dm. Basal leaves (soon withered), not rosulate, similar to proximalmost cauline leaves, 4-15 cm. Cauline leaves (3-)5-20(-35), pinnately (5 or) 7-13(-19)-foliolate, sometimes appearing pinnatisect, lobe number similar to leaflets (middle and proximal ones 2-11 cm), petiolate, leaflets petiolulate, subsessile, or sessile; petiole (0.4-)1-3.5(-4.5) cm, base not auriculate, (often sparsely hirsute); lateral leaflets shortly petiolulate or sessile, (decurrent on rachis smaller than terminal, distalmost blades narrower, with fewer lobes or leaflets), margins entire or crenate; terminal leaflet (subsessile or petiolule to 1 cm), blade suborbicular, obovate to oblanceolate, or elliptic, 1.3-3(-4) cm × 6-25 mm, base often cuneate, margins entire, repand, or obscurely 3 or 5-lobed. Racemes ebracteate. Fruiting pedicels divaricate-ascending, (3-)4-10(-13) mm. Flowers: sepals oblong, (1-)1.3-2.3 × 0.5-1 mm, lateral pair not saccate basally; petals white, narrowly spatulate to oblanceolate, 2-3.5(-4) × 0.8-1.5 mm, (not clawed); filaments: median pairs 1.5-2.5 mm, lateral pair 1-2 mm; anthers ovate, 0.2-0.3 mm. Fruits linear, (torulose), (1.4-)1.7-2.7(-3.2) cm × 0.8-1.1 mm; ovules 40-80 per ovary; style 0.5-1 mm. Seeds brown, oblong to ovoid, 0.7-1.1 × 0.5-0.8 mm. 2 n = 32, 64.

Flowering Apr-Jul. Marshes, streams, swamps, ditches, seepage, springs, lake margins, mesic bottomland and upland forests, wet areas, ledges of sheltered bluffs, banks and shallow water of streams and spring branches, margins of crop fields, waste ground; 0-2800 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Ala., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.

We have not seen material of Cardamine pensylvanica from Nebraska or South Dakota; it is very likely that the species grows in these states as well.

Updated: 2020-05-30 15:57:36 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation