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Brassica oleracea L.
WILD CABBAGE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Brassica

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Brassica oleracea, Broccoli, flower
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 9
Brassica oleracea, Broccoli, flower

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Brassica oleracea, Broccoli, leaf
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 8
Brassica oleracea, Broccoli, leaf
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea

Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea

Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea

Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea

Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea

Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea

Brassica oleracea, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Brassica oleracea, pollen

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma brassicae @ BPI (2)

Phoma oleracea @ BPI (5)

Phoma rabenhorstii @ BPI (1)

Phoma siliquastrum @ BPI (1)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (5)
Aleyrodidae  Aleyrodes proletella @ CSCA_TCN (11)

Bemisia tabaci @ CSCA_TCN (10)

Bemisia @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena nuda @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Aphelinidae  Encarsia @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Encarsia coquilletti @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Encarsia luteola @ UCRC_ENTA (21)

Encarsia meritoria @ UCRC_ENTA (130)

Encarsia @ UCRC_ENTA (22)

Eretmocerus emiratus @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus emiratus? @ UCRC_ENTA (5)

Eretmocerus hayati? @ UCRC_ENTA (2)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (3)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (6)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (11)

Eretmocerus nr @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus sp_pakistan? @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus sp_uae @ UCRC_ENTA (3)

Eretmocerus tejanus @ UCRC_ENT (6)

Eretmocerus @ UCRC_ENTA (7)
Aphididae  Brachycaudus ( @ CSCA_TCN (7)

Brevicoryne brassicae @ CSCA_TCN (12); AMNH_PBI (8)

Cavariella ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Lipaphis erysimi @ CSCA_TCN (5); NCSU_ENT (8)

Lipaphis pseudobrassicae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (4); CSCA_TCN (1)
Apidae  Xylocopa micans @ BBSL (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta brassicae @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta brassicicola @ BPI (3)
Braconidae  Diaeretiella rapae @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Diaeretiella @ AMNH_PBI (44)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (3)
Chaetosphaerellaceae  Cladotrichum brassicae @ BPI (5)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella brassicicola @ BPI (1)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Hylaeus mesillae @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium vagum @ BPI (1)

Rhizoctonia brassicarum @ BPI (1)

Rhizoctonia @ BPI (3)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (2)

Cladosporium @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium concentricum @ BPI (2)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe coramblicola @ BPI (1)

Diaporthe incrustans @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis lingam @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype brassicae @ BPI (1)
Entomophthoraceae  Empusa aphidis @ BPI (1)

Erynia pieris @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cruciferarum @ BPI (1)

Erysiphe polygoni @ 564480A (1); 564480B (1); BPI (1)

Oidium fusisporioides @ BPI (1)

Oidium @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Sporotrichum lateritium @ BPI (2)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum dematium @ BPI (1)

Glomerella cingulata @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Halictus confusus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum weemsi @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Hypocreaceae  Trichoderma brassicae @ BPI (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Podospora brassicae @ BPI (1)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium crepinianum @ BPI (1)

Coniothyrium minitans @ BPI (1)
Mucoraceae  Mucor @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora beticola @ BPI (1)

Cercospora bloxami @ BPI (5)

Cercospora brassicae @ BPI (1)

Cercospora brassicicola @ BPI (3)

Cercospora @ BPI (1)

Cercosporella albomaculans @ BPI (1)

Cercosporella brassicae @ BPI (2)

Mycosphaerella brassicicola @ BPI (15)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium conglutinans @ BPI (8)

Fusarium roseum @ BPI (1)

Fusarium sulphureum @ BPI (1)

Fusarium @ BPI (1)

Nectria brassicae @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UDCC_TCN (3); MEMU_ENT (20)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora brassicae @ BPI (12)

Peronospora oleracea @ BPI (1)

Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (68); 446129B (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium brassicae @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium rhopaloides @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (71); 446129A (1)

Alternaria brassicicola @ BPI (3)

Alternaria brassicinae @ BPI (1)

Alternaria broccoli-italicae @ BPI (1)

Alternaria consortialis @ BPI (1)

Alternaria herculea @ BPI (1)

Alternaria oleracea @ BPI (3)

Alternaria tenuis @ BPI (2)

Alternaria @ BPI (8)

Dendryphion curtum @ BPI (1)

Dendryphion nitidum @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaerulina @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium brassicae @ BPI (3)

Macrosporium commune @ BPI (2)

Pleospora coronata @ BPI (1)
Pythiaceae  Pythium debaryanum @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cinerea @ BPI (2)

Botrytis vulgaris @ BPI (3)

Ciboria @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia fuckeliana @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum @ BPI (4)

Sclerotinia @ BPI (1)
Sordariaceae  Sordaria brassicae @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia brassicicola @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum albobadium @ BPI (2)
Tingidae  Gargaphia solani @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Trichocomaceae  Aspergillus flavus @ BPI (2)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Apiosporium brassicae @ BPI (2)

Sclerotium semen @ BPI (2)

Sclerotium varium @ BPI (3)

Sclerotium @ 456233A (1); 456233C (1); 456233B (1)
Valsaceae  Asteroma brassicae @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria brassicae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria brassicicola @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria lingam @ BPI (1)
_  Chaetomella viridescens @ BPI (1)

Phoma lingam @ BPI (16)

Phymatotrichum @ BPI (1)

Plenodomus lingam @ 360911B (1); BPI (6); 360911A (1)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BROL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BROL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BROL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BROL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BROL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BROL
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Brassica oleracea L.
cabbage


General Information
Symbol: BROL
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   W
GL   W
L48   I
PB   I
PR   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images



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Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BROLA Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.
BROLC Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Brassica L. – mustard
Species Brassica oleracea L. – cabbage

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Brassica oleracea . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Brassica oleracea</i>
L. var. <i>
botrytis </i>
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
broccoli Distribution of <i>
Brassica oleracea</i>
L. var. <i>
costata</i>
DC.
Brassica oleracea var. costata
tronchuda cabbage Distribution of <i>
Brassica oleracea</i>
L. var. <i>
gemmifera</i>
DC.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
brussels sprouts Distribution of <i>
Brassica oleracea</i>
L. var. <i>
gongylodes </i>
Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes
kohlrabi Distribution of <i>
Brassica oleracea</i>
L. var. <i>
italica</i>
Plenck
Brassica oleracea var. italica
sprouting broccoli

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Michigan Brassica
mustard Noxious weed

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BROL)
CalPhotos (BROL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BROL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BROLA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BROLC)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (BROL)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (BROL)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BROL)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 420, 422, 423 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Brassica

6. Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 667. 1753.

Cabbage

Brassica alboglabra L. H. Bailey

Biennials or perennials; (with slender taproot or woody caudex, becoming suffrutescent and covered with conspicuous leaf scars); (glaucous), glabrous. Stems branched distally, 5-10 dm. Basal leaves: petiole to 30 cm; blade oblong or obovate, to 45 cm × 150 mm, (fleshy), blades pinnatifid or margins dentate. Cauline leaves (distal) sessile; blade (oblong to lanceolate), base auriculate and amplexicaul, (margins entire). Racemes not paniculately branched. Fruiting pedicels spreading to ascending, (8-)14-25(-40) mm. Flowers: sepals 8-15 × 1.5-2.7 mm; petals yellow, white, or lemon yellow, ovate or elliptic, (15-)18-25(-30) × (6-) 8-12 mm, claw 7-15 mm, apex rounded; filaments 8-12 mm; anthers 2.5-4 mm. Fruits spreading to ascending, smooth, ± 4-angled or subterete, (2.5-)5-8(-10) cm × (2.5-)3-4(-5) mm; valvular segment with 10-20 seeds per locule, (2-)3-7.5(-9) cm, terminal segment usually seedless, rarely 1 or 2-seeded, (conic), (3-)4-10 mm. Seeds brown, 1.7-2.5 mm diam.; seed coat reticulate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2 n = 18.

Flowering May-Aug. Maritime slopes or sea-facing cliffs, weedy escape, gardens, abandoned fields, waste places; 0-100 m; introduced; Nfld. and Labr., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Calif., Conn., Ill., Iowa, Ky., Mass., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tex., Vt.; Europe; Asia; Africa; introduced also in Australia.

Brassica oleracea is widely cultivated worldwide as a vegetable crop, and its various forms are generally recognized as varieties instead of subspecies; these include var. acephala de Candolle (kale and collards), var. botrytis Linnaeus (cauliflower), var. capitata Linnaeus (cabbage), var. gemmifera Zenk (Brussels sprouts), var. gongylodes Linnaeus (kohlrabi), and var. italica Plenk (broccoli). It also occurs sporadically as a weedy escape from cultivation and seems unlikely to persist for long periods of time. It is reported to be naturalized on coastal cliffs (maritime slopes) in the northern Central Coastal Region and the central and southern North Coastal Region in California (Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura counties) (J. T. Howell et al. 1958; Howell 1970; H. G. Baker 1972; R. C. Rollins 1993b).

Updated: 2020-08-07 10:05:24 gmt
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