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Abies magnifica A. Murray
CALIFORNIA RED FIR
Abies magnifica var magnifica; Shasta red fir

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Abies


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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Mindarus abietinus @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Arcyriaceae  Arcyria versicolor @ BPI (1)
Atheliaceae  Athelia munda @ BPI (2)

Athelia raunkiaeri @ BPI (1)

Leptosporomyces mundus @ BPI (1)
Bertiaceae  Bertia moriformis @ BPI (2)
Boreostereaceae  Columnocystis abietina @ BPI (1)
Botryobasidiaceae  Botryobasidium ansosum @ BPI (2)

Botryobasidium subcoronatum @ BPI (1)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora olivacea @ BPI (2)

Serpula lacrymans @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium cremoricolor @ BPI (1)

Corticium galactinum @ BPI (1)

Corticium luridum @ BPI (1)

Corticium radiosum @ BPI (1)

Corticium roseum @ BPI (1)

Corticium scutellare @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces deliquescens @ BPI (2)

Guepiniopsis alpina @ BPI (12)
Dermateaceae  Patinella abietina @ BPI (1)
Echinodontiaceae  Echinodontium tinctorium @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Pseudohydnum gelatinosum @ BPI (1)
Helminthosphaeriaceae  Diplococcium indivisum @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium @ BPI (1); 664452B (1); 664452A (1)

Durella compressa @ BPI (1)

Godronia abieticola @ BPI (1)

Tympanis pinastri @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (2)

Dasyscyphus arida @ BPI (8)

Hyaloscypha stevensonii @ BPI (4)

Lachnellula chrysophthalma @ BPI (2)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete rugispora @ BPI (2)
Hypocreaceae  Trichoderma viride @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium acuminatum @ BPI (1)

Hysterographium formosum @ BPI (2)
Lachnocladiaceae  Scytinostroma jacksonii @ BPI (1)

Vararia granulosa @ BPI (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Lasiosphaeria stuppea @ BPI (1)

Lasiosphaeria vermicularia @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Herpotrichia nigra @ BPI (4)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius armeniacus @ BPI (2)

Merulius atropurpureus @ BPI (1)

Merulius lacrimans @ BPI (1)

Merulius serpens @ BPI (4)

Phlebia albida @ BPI (5)

Phlebia melleopallens @ BPI (1)

Phlebia merismoides @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Deraeocoris incertus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Deraeocoris schuhi @ AMNH_PBI (9)

Phytocoris nigrifrons @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris sagax @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria magnusiana @ BPI (1)
Nitschkiaceae  Acanthonitschkea coloradensis @ BPI (2)
Odontotremataceae  Odontotrema minus @ BPI (1)

Odontotrema @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora affinis @ 1106681B (1)

Peniophora duplex @ BPI (1)

Peniophora subulata @ BPI (1)

Peniophora violaceolivida @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Chlorochroa congrua @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Polyporaceae  Cryptoporus volvatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes annosus @ BPI (3)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes nigrolimitatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes officinalis @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (1)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (1)

Hirschioporus laricinus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus alboluteus @ BPI (7)

Polyporus berkeleyi @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus leucospongia @ BPI (6)

Polyporus oregonensis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pes-caprae @ BPI (1)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus volvatus @ BPI (2)

Poria candidissima @ BPI (1)

Poria ferrugineofusca @ BPI (2)

Poria lenis @ BPI (4)

Poria stellae @ BPI (1)

Poria subincarnata @ BPI (1)

Trametes americana @ BPI (2)
Psathyrellaceae  Ozonium @ BPI (1)
Psyllidae  Cacopsylla curta @ CSCA_TCN (8)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsorella caryophyllacearum @ BPI (2)

Melampsorella cerastii @ BPI (2)

Melampsorella elatina @ BPI (6)

Pucciniastrum goeppertianum @ BPI (3)
Pyronemataceae  Humaria scutellata @ BPI (2)
Reduviidae  Rasahus sulcicollis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Rasahus @ AMNH_PBI (12)

Rhynocoris @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Zelus tetracanthus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma abietinum @ BPI (3)

Hypoderma robustum @ BPI (3)

Hypodermella abietis-concoloris @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium autumnale @ BPI (1)
Sarcosomataceae  Pseudoplectania fulgens @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cinerea @ BPI (1)
Serpulidae  Serpula silvestris @ BPI (4)
Sistotremataceae  Trechispora brinkmannii @ BPI (1)

Trechispora sphaerospora @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (1)

Gloeocystidiellum lividum @ BPI (1)

Stereum rugisporum @ BPI (5)

Stereum sulcatum @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Hypholoma fasciculare @ BPI (1)

Pholiota adiposa @ BPI (1)

Pholiota spectabilis @ BPI (1)

Pholiota @ BPI (11)
Syrphidae  Milesia fructuosa @ BPI (4)
Tremellaceae  Tremella lutescens @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Mycena overholtsii @ BPI (1)
Trichosphaeriaceae  Trichosphaeria solaris @ BPI (1)
Tubulicrinaceae  Tubulicrinis chaetophora @ BPI (1)

Tubulicrinis gracillimus @ BPI (1)
Tulasnellaceae  Tulasnella fuscoviolacea @ BPI (1)

Tulasnella violacea @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia candida @ BPI (2)
Xenasmataceae  Xenasma filicinum @ 1106681A (1); BPI (3)

Xenasmatella tulasmoidea @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Rosellinia corticium @ BPI (1)
_  Aurantiporellus alboluteus @ BPI (1)

Calyptospora columnaris @ BPI (1)

Clithris crispa @ BPI (6)

Cylindrocolla @ BPI (1)

Neopeckia coulteri @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia ansosa @ BPI (2)

Pellicularia pruinata @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia subcoronata @ BPI (3)

Secotium nubigenum @ BPI (6)

Septonema dendryphioides @ BPI (1)

Spongiporus leucospongia @ BPI (1)

Tremellodon gelatinosum @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ABMA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ABMA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ABMA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ABMA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ABMA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ABMA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Abies magnifica A. Murray bis
California red fir

Image of Abies magnifica

General Information
Symbol: ABMA
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Abies thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Crater Lake National Park, entrance. July 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Crater Lake National Park, entrance. July 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Crater Lake National Park, entrance. July 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Crater Lake National Park, entrance. July 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, CA, Siskiyou Co., Mount Shasta. July 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Crater Lake National Park, entrance. July 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Crater Lake National Park, entrance. July 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, CA, Siskiyou Co., Mount Shasta. July 2003. Usage Requirements .

Weldon Heald. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA, Eldorado National Forest, Lake Valley Ranger Station. 1963. Usage Requirements .

A.G. Milici. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1946. Usage Requirements .

G.B. Sudworth. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA, Tulare Co. 1901. Usage Requirements .

R.C. Wilson. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NV, Tahoe National Forest. 1938. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co. 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co. 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co. 2002. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Abies Mill. – fir
Species Abies magnifica A. Murray bis – California red fir

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Abies magnifica . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Abies magnifica</i>
A. Murray bis var. <i>
magnifica </i>
Abies magnifica var. magnifica
California red fir Distribution of <i>
Abies magnifica</i>
A. Murray bis var. <i>
shastensis</i>
Lemmon
Abies magnifica var. shastensis
Shasta red fir

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Nevada California red fir, Shasta red fir Protected as a Cactus, Yucca, or Christmas tree

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ABMA)
CalPhotos (ABMA)
Flora of North America (ABMA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ABMA)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ABMA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ABMA)
Native Plants Network (ABMA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (ABMA)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (ABMA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Abies

10. Abies magnifica A. Murray bis, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London. 3: 318. 1863.

California red fir, Shasta red fir

Trees to 57m; trunk to 2.5m diam.; crown narrowly conic. Bark grayish, thin, with age thickening and becoming deeply furrowed with ridges being often 4 times wider than furrows, plates reddish. Branches ascending in upper crown, descending in lower crown; twigs opposite to whorled, light yellow to ± tan, reddish pubescent for 1--2 years. Buds hidden by leaves or exposed, usually dark brown, ovoid, small, not resinous or with resin drop near tip, apex rounded; basal scales short, broad, equilaterally triangular, densely pubescent, not resinous, margins entire to crenate, apex sharp-pointed. Leaves 2--3.7cm ´ 2mm, mostly 1-ranked, flexible, the proximal portion often appressed to twig for 2--3mm (best seen on abaxial surface of twig), distal portion divergent; cross section flat, with or without weak groove adaxially toward leaf base, or cross section 3--4-sided on fertile branches; odor camphorlike; abaxial surface with 2 glaucous bands, each band with 4--5 stomatal rows; adaxial surface blue-green to silvery blue, with single glaucous band that may divide into 2 toward leaf base, band with (8--)10(--13) stomatal rows at midleaf; apex rounded or, on fertile branches, somewhat pointed; resin canals small, near margins and abaxial epidermal layer. Pollen cones at pollination ± purple or reddish brown. Seed cones oblong-cylindric, 15--20 ´ 7--10cm, purple at first but becoming yellowish brown or greenish brown, sessile, apex round; scales ca. 3 ´ 4cm, pubescent; bracts included to exserted and reflexed (Shasta red fir) over scales. Seeds 15 ´ 6mm, body dark reddish brown; wing about as long as body, rose; cotyledons 7--8. 2 n =24.

Mixed coniferous forests; 1400--2700m; Calif., Nev., Oreg.

Abies magnifica often exists in extensive high elevation stands in the Sierra Nevada; its close relative A . procera occurs in small mountaintop populations relatively isolated from one another. As expected for isolated populations, A . procera produces large interpopulation variation in morphology (J.Maze and W.H. Parker 1983) and chemistry (E.Zavarin et al. 1978). Where the two species meet in southern Oregon and northern California, many populations are intermediate; these have been called A . magnifica var. shastensis Lemmon. The status of such intermediates is unsettled. They may be accepted as hybrids between A . magnifica and A . procera (Liu T. S. 1971) or, alternatively, the paleontological record suggests that the two species may have originated from the intermediates (E.Zavarin et al. 1978). Individuals from this region should be assigned to A . magnifica , A . procera , or A . magnifica × procera (E.L. Parker 1963), depending on the morphologic criteria selected to differentiate the species, though clearly these individuals are genetically quite different from those near the type localities of the two species.

An extensive study of this variation, as proposed by E.Zavarin et al. (1978), is warranted. Such a study should consider data from the type localities as a basis of comparison. Moreover, to evaluate this situation critically, one should first determine if any genetic exchange occurs between Abies lasiocarpa and A . procera that may complicate an evaluation.

Updated: 2020-08-09 15:48:46 gmt
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