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Tripterygiidae
THREEFIN BLENNIES
Triplefins

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Lepidonectes bimaculatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lepidonectes bimaculatus
Lepidonectes bimaculatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lepidonectes bimaculatus

Lepidonectes corallicola
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lepidonectes corallicola
Lepidonectes corallicola
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lepidonectes corallicola

Lepidonectes clarkhubbsi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lepidonectes clarkhubbsi
Crocodilichthys
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Crocodilichthys

Crocodilichthys gracilis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Crocodilichthys gracilis
Axoclinus storeyae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Axoclinus storeyae

Axoclinus cocoensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Axoclinus cocoensis
Axoclinus cocoensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Axoclinus cocoensis

Axoclinus lucillae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Axoclinus lucillae
Axoclinus multicinctus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Axoclinus multicinctus

Axoclinus rubinoffi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Axoclinus rubinoffi
Axoclinus multicinctus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Axoclinus multicinctus

Tripterygiidae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Tripterygiidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • cirri: nostrils, eyes
  • 3 ds; 1st 2 of spines
  • ll: 2 sections
  • top jaw protractile
  • body: rough scales
FAMILY TRIPTERYGIIDAE

TRIPLEFINS

The common name is derived from the division of the dorsal fin into three parts: the first consists of III-IV spines, the second of VIII-XVI spines, and the third of 8-12 soft, segmented rays; anal fin with 0-II; no cirri on the nape; scales usually rough; and the top jaw protractile.

The triplefins are small (usually 3-5cm), relatively inconspicuous inhabitants of tropical and temperate reefs. Many of the species are cryptically coloured or semitransparent; this, in combination with their small size, often makes them difficult to detect. They dwell on the reef's surface, often in weedy areas, on algal-covered rocks, or on rubble. Their food consists primarily of tiny invertebrates living in algae. The family occurs worldwide, but most of the estimated 145 species in 30 genera occur in the Indo-Pacific. In our region there are 15 species, all endemics, in four genera, one of which is endemic. The taxonomy the triplefins in our region has long been neglected, consequently the identification of many species is problematical and there are a number of undescribed forms.


References
  • Aburto-Oropeza , O. and Balart, E. F., 2001., Community structure of reef fish in several habitats of a rocky reef in the Gulf of California., Marine Ecology, 22:283-305.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1991., Descriptions of two new genera and four new species of triplefins (Pisces: Tripterygiidae) from the tropical Eastern Pacific., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 18(3):79-82.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1992., Three new species of triplefins (Pisces: Tripterygiidae) from Malpelo and Socorro Islands, in the tropical eastern Pacific., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 19:53-56.
  • Brock, V.E., 1940., Three new blennioid fishes from the west coast of Mexico., Stanford Ichthyol. Bull., 2:29-35.
  • Bussing, W.A., 1991., A new genus and two new species of tripterygiid fishes from Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 39(1):77-85.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Edgar, G.J. Banks, S., Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M. and Martínez, C., 2004., Regional biogeography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago., Journal of Biogeography, 31:1107-1124.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gilligan, M.R., 1991., Bergmann ecogeographic trends among triplefin blennies (Teleostei: Tripterygiidae) in the Gulf of California, Mexico., Environmental Biology of Fishes, 31:301-305.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part III., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:2183-3136.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., Description of thirty-three new species of fishes from Mazatlan, Mexico., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 4(1881):338-365.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Riginos , C. and Nachman, M. W., 2001., Population subdivision in marine environments: the contributions of biogeography, geographical distance and discontinuos habitat to genetic differentiation in a blennioid fish, Axoclinus nigricaudus., Molecular ecology, 10:1439-1453.
  • Riginos , C. and Victor, B. C., 2001., Larval spatial distributions and other early life-history characteristics predict genetic differentiation in eastern Pacific blenniod fishes., Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. (B), 268:1-6.
  • Smith , D. G. and Williams, J. T., 2002., History and status of the genera Enneanectes and Axoclinus (Teleostei: Blennioidei: Tripterygiidae)., Zootaxa, 105:1-10.
  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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