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Syngnathidae
PIPEFISHES
Seahorses

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Hippocampus ingens
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hippocampus ingens
Cosmocampus arctus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Cosmocampus arctus

Cosmocampus arctus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Cosmocampus arctus
Doryrhamphus excisus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Doryrhamphus excisus

Syngnathus auliscus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Syngnathus auliscus
Syngnathus macrobrachium
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Syngnathus macrobrachium

Syngnathus carinatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Syngnathus carinatus
Syngnathus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Syngnathus

Bryx veleronis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Bryx veleronis
Nerophis lumbriciformis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 4
Nerophis lumbriciformis

Nerophis lumbriciformis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 4
Nerophis lumbriciformis
Nerophis lumbriciformis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 4
Nerophis lumbriciformis

Syngnathus acus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Syngnathus acus
Nerophis lumbriciformis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Nerophis lumbriciformis
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • elongate, slender
  • body: covered with bony rings
  • 1 d
  • a: very small/absent
  • c: often prehensile
FAMILY SYNGNATHIDAE

PIPEFISHES, SEAHORSES

The pipefishes and their relatives the seahorses are characterized by a long, slender body that is composed of a series of ring-like, bony segments. They have a very small gill opening, no spines in the fins, no pelvic fins, a single dorsal fin, and a very small anal fin (dorsal, anal, and/or pectoral fins absent on a few species). Most species are seldom seen because of their habitat of remaining in crevices. Perhaps the most unusual peculiarity displayed by this family is their habit of male egg incubation. The female deposits her eggs on the underside of the male, usually in a pouch or on a specially vascularised surface. The "pregnant" male then carries these until hatching occurs.

Worldwide the family contains about 257 species of pipefishes belonging to more than 53 genera and approximately 30 species of seahorses in the single genus Hippocampus. The pipefishes of the Indo-Pacific region were comprehensively reviewed by Dawson (1985). In our region there are five species of pipefishes in five genera, and one species of seahorse.


References
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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