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Lamnidae
MACKEREL SHARKS OR WHITE SHARK
Mackerel sharks; White shark; Mako sharks

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Isurus oxyrinchus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Isurus oxyrinchus
Carcharodon carcharias, Great White Shark
© Copyright Will Booker 2014 · 1
Carcharodon carcharias, Great White Shark

Carcharodon carcharias
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Carcharodon carcharias
Carcharodon carcharias
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Carcharodon carcharias

Isurus oxyrinchus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Isurus oxyrinchus
Isurus paucus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Isurus paucus

Isurus paucus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Isurus paucus
Isurus oxyrinchus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Isurus oxyrinchus

Isurus paucus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Isurus paucus
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • 1st dorsal fin well before pelvics
  • 2nd dorsal fin and anal fin very small
  • c: ~symmetrical, base with large keel
  • gill slits: 5, large, before pectoral
FAMILY LAMNIDAE

MACKEREL SHARKS, MAKO SHARKS

This family is distributed in all temperate and tropical seas. It contains three genera and five species, including the notorious Great White Shark. Two genera and 2-3 species occur in the tropical eastern Pacific.

Lamnids are generally large, powerful sharks further distinguished by a spindle-shaped body, pointed snout, a slender, keeled tail base, lunate caudal fin, and sharp, dagger-like teeth (triangular and serrate in the case of the White Shark). Mackerel sharks are partly warm-blooded, and have a circulatory system that enables them to retain a body temperature that is warmer than the surrounding sea. Development of the young is internal, without a yolk-sac placenta. They exhibit a remarkable phenomenon known as oophagy in which developing fetuses feed on fertilized eggs and possibly smaller siblings within the uterus. These rapid swimmers are capable of spectacular leaps when chasing their prey. They feed on a variety of fishes, other sharks, rays, sea birds, turtles, marine mammals, squids, and benthic crustaceans. They are aggressive, dangerous sharks that are sometimes responsible for fatal attacks on swimmers and surfers. The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) ranges into the northern and southernmost portions of our region, although its main distribution lies in cooler seas.


References
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  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1999., Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In Hamlett W.C. (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes., The John Hopkins University Press:471-498.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1984., Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of sharks species known to date. Part 1. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Species Catalogue., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 4(1):1-249.
  • Ebert, D.A., 2001., First Eastern Pacific records of the longfin mako shark, Isurus paucus, Guitar-Manday, 1966., Calif. Fish & Game, 87:117-121.
  • Eitner, B. J., 1995., Systematics of the genus Alopias (Lamniformes: Alopiidae) with evidence for the existence of an unrecognized species., Copeia, 1995:562-571.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Guitart Manday,., 1966., Nuevo nombre para una especie de Tiburón del género Isurus (Elasmobranchii: Isuridae) de aguas Cubanas., Poeyana (Ser. A), 15:1-9.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Linnaeus, C., 1758., Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae., Systema Nat. ed. 10, 1:1-824.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
  • Musick, J.A., Harbin, M.M., Berkeley, S.A., Burgess, G.H. Eklund, A.M., Findley, L., Gilmore, R.G., Golden, J.T., Ha, D.S., Huntsman, G.R., McGovern, J.C., Parker, S.J., Poss, S.G., Sala, E., & Schmidt, T.W., Sedberry, G.R., Weeks, H., Wright, S.G., 2000., Marine, estuarine, and diadromous fish stocks at risk of extinction in North America (exclusive of Pacific salmonids)., Fisheries, 25:6-30.
  • Rafinesque, C. S., 1810., Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. (Part 1 involves fishes, pp. [i-iv] 3-69 [70 blank], Part 2 with slightly different title, pp. ia-iva + 71-105 [106 blank])., Caratteri,.
  • Ramírez Rodríguez, M., 1997., Producción pesquera en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:273-282.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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