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Eleotridae
SLEEPERS
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Eleotris
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Eleotris
Eleotris picta
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Eleotris picta

Gobiomorus maculatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Gobiomorus maculatus
Gobiomorus maculatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Gobiomorus maculatus

Gobiomorus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Gobiomorus
Gobiomorus maculatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Gobiomorus maculatus

Erotelis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Erotelis
Erotelis armiger
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Erotelis armiger

Eleotris picta
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Eleotris picta
Eleotris picta
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Eleotris picta

Gobiomorus maculatus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Gobiomorus maculatus
Erotelis armiger
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Erotelis armiger

Dormitator
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Dormitator
Dormitator latifrons
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Dormitator latifrons

Eleotridae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Eleotridae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • 2 ds
  • 2nd dorsal fin base less than end 2nd dorsal fin base to tail fin base
  • membrane under operculum - 6 rays
  • pelvics widely separate
  • no ll
FAMILY ELEOTRIDAE

SLEEPERS, GUDGEONS

Sleepers are primarily fresh and brackish water fishes that occur mainly in the tropics. Only a few species inhabit purely marine environments. Worldwide there are about 150 species in 35 genera, most of which are found in the Indo-Pacific region. In our region there are only five species (all endemics) from five genera that commonly occur in estuarine or marine habitats. They are mainly bottom- living fishes, although a few species are free-swimming. The diet consists primarily of benthic invertebrates, particularly crustaceans.

Sleepers are close relatives of gobies (Gobiidae), and the two groups share a number of morphological features including a generally elongate body, similar head shape, two separate dorsal fins, and absence of a lateral line. Most gobies however, have the pelvic fins completely or partially fused to form a disc-shaped structure, whereas the pelvics are completely separated in sleepers. In sleepers the base of the second dorsal fine is shorter than the distance from the end of the base of that fin to the tail fin.


References
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  • Balart , E. F. , Castro-Aguirre , J. L. and De Lachica-Bonilla, F., 1997., Análisis comparativo de las comunidades ícticas de fondos blandos y someros de la Bahía de La Paz, B.C. S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:177-188.
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  • Richardson, J., 1844., Ichthyology.--Part 1. In R. B. Hinds (ed.) The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur, under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher, R. N., C. B., F. R. G. S., etc., during the years 1836-42, No. 5., Smith, Elder & Co.:51-70.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
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  • Starks, E. C., 1906., On a Collection of fishes made by P. O. Simons in Ecuador and Peru., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 30:761-800.
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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