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Commelina benghalensis L.
JIO
Benghal Dayflower; Jio Dayflower

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Commelinaceae   Commelina

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta commelinicola @ BPI (1)
Brachybasidiaceae  Kordyana celebensis @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora benghalensis @ BPI (1)
Phakopsoraceae  Phakopsora tecta @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces commelinae @ BPI (5)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Liliopsida  
 Order Commelinales  
 Family Commelinaceae  
 Genus Commelina  
  Commelina benghalensis    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
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Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 5: 158, 2000
Name Code: 201187
  IUCN Red List:LC      
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COBE2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COBE2
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Commelinaceae | Commelina

8. Commelina benghalensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 41. 1753.

Herbs, annual. Roots thin, rhizomes short, subterranean, bearing cleistogamous flowers produced from base of plant. Stems ascending to decumbent or occasionally scrambling. Leaves: leaf sheaths, not auriculate, often with red hairs at summit; blade ovate to lanceolate-elliptic, (1--)2--9(--11) ´ 1--3(--4.5) cm, apex rounded, obtuse or acute, pubescent. Inflorescences: distal cyme often exserted and 1-flowered, sometimes vestigial; spathes often clustered, subsessile (peduncles 1--3.5 mm), funnelform, 0.5--1.5(--2) cm, margins connate basally, pubescent. Flowers: chasmogamous flowers bisexual and staminate, subterranean cleistogamous flowers bisexual; petals of staminate flowers all blue (rarely lilac), proximal smaller; lateral stamen filaments not winged; staminodes 2--3; antherodes yellow, cruciform; pollen white; medial stamen pollen yellow. Capsules 3-locular, 2-valved, 4--6 mm. Seeds 5, brown or blackish, seeds of adaxial locule 1.7--2.5 mm, shallowly reticulate, farinose. 2n = 22.

Flowering spring--fall. Citrus plantations, fields, yards, and other cultivated and disturbed sites; introduced; Calif., Fla., Ga., La.; neotropics; native, paleotropics.

Commelina benghalensis was first recognized and collected in California in 1980. The California plants are approximately hexaploid and represent a separate and much later introduction than the southeastern plants. The species is federally listed as an Obnoxious Weed.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Commelina benghalensis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Commelina benghalensis
Commelina benghalensis
Dayflower
ID: 0000 0000 0913 0006 [detail]
© 2013 Ron Vanderhoff

Commelina benghalensis
Commelina benghalensis
Day Flower
ID: 0000 0000 1115 0448 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Vanderhoff

Commelina benghalensis
Commelina benghalensis
Day Flower
ID: 0000 0000 1115 0449 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Vanderhoff

Commelina benghalensis
Commelina benghalensis
Day Flower
ID: 0000 0000 1115 0450 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Vanderhoff

Commelina benghalensis
Commelina benghalensis
Dayflower
ID: 0000 0000 0816 2030 [detail]
© 2016 Ron Vanderhoff

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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