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Medicago lupulina L.
BLACK MEDICK
Medicago lupulina subsp willdenowiana (WDJ Koch) Soják

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Medicago

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Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina

Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina

Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina

Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina

Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina

Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina

Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Medicago lupulina

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma lupulina @ BPI (1)

Phoma melaena @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca bifurcata @ III (2)

Empoasca erigeron @ III (3)

Empoasca sativae @ III (1)

Empoasca solana @ III (1)
Corticiaceae  Rhizoctonia violacea @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Pseudopeziza medicaginis @ BPI (13); 845820B (1)

Pseudopeziza trifolii @ BPI (2)

Trochila trifolii @ BPI (2)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma meliloti @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum trifolii @ BPI (2)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum ( @ PN- (1)

Lasioglossum ruidosense @ BBSL (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora medicaginis @ 438207A (1); BPI (11); 438204A (1); 438207B (1); 438204B (1)

Cercospora zebrina @ BPI (6)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora aestivalis @ BPI (6)

Peronospora romanica @ BPI (1)

Peronospora trifoliorum @ BPI (8)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces medicaginis-falcatae @ BPI (2)

Uromyces medicaginis @ BPI (3)

Uromyces minor @ BPI (1)

Uromyces striatus @ 845820A (1); BPI (81)

Uromyces trifolii @ BPI (2)
Syrphidae  Toxomerus geminatus @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Toxomerus marginatus @ MLSB__N16- (2)
_  Anthomyiidae @ PN- (3)

Aphididae @ PN- (1)

Arachnida @ PN- (1)

Ascochyta medicaginis @ BPI (1)

Calliphoridae @ PN- (1)

Chaetopyrena penicillata @ BPI (1)

Chloropidae @ PN- (1)

Cicadellidae @ PN- (5)

Culicidae @ PN- (1)

Darluca filum @ BPI (1)

Diptera @ PN- (6)

Drosophilidae @ PN- (3)

Lonchopteridae @ PN- (1)

Milichiidae? @ PN- (1)

Miridae @ PN- (1)

Nabidae @ PN- (1)

Polythrincium trifolii @ BPI (2)

Pseudoplea medicaginis @ BPI (1)

Septogloeum medicaginis @ BPI (3)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from MIssouriPlants.com
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Medicago lupulina L.

Medicago lupulina plant

Family - Fabaceae

Stems - To 45cm tall but typically less, erect to ascending, multiple from base, branching, from a taproot, typically purple at the base and on stems that face the sun, pilose, herbaceous, 4-angled.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, stipulate, trifoliolate. Stipules large, foliaceous, generally ovate, acuminate, to 1.5cm long, 5mm broad, glabrous adaxially, pilose abaxially, with 1-2 pointed lobes at the base or not. Petioles to +3cm long, sparse pilose. Lateral leaflets with petiolules to 1mm long and pilose. Petiolule of terminal leaflet to 4mm long. Leaflets elliptic to obovate or rhombic, entire or shallow serrate or sinuate in the apical 1/2, emarginate at the apex and with a short mucro. Lateral veins parallel. Blades sparse pilose adaxially, pilose abaxially.

Medicago lupulina leaves

Medicago lupulina stipule Stipule.

Inflorescence - Axillary pedunculate racemes. Peduncle longer then the subtending leaf and pubescent as the stem, some hairs glandular. Raceme to 1cm long, dense in flower. Each flower subtended by a single minute bract. Bract linear, -1mm long. Pedicels to -1mm long in fruit, pilose.

Flowers - Corolla yellow, papilionaceous, to 5mm long. Standard to 3mm broad, mostly glabrous, typically with apical margins revolute. Keels apically fused. Wings connate basally to keels. Stamens diadelphous. Anthers pale yellow, to .1mm broad. Ovary green, glabrous, +1mm long, compressed. Style short, green. Calyx 5-lobed. Lobes attenuate, the longest to 1mm long, pilose externally, glabrous internally. Fruits dark brown to black when mature, reniform or cochleate, 3-4mm long, 2mm broad, compressed, sparse pilose, reticulate.

Medicago lupulina flowers Flowers.

Medicago lupulina fruits Fruits.

Flowering - February - December.

Habitat - Lawns, fields, waste ground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Eurasia and Africa.

Other info. - This little species is a big time weed found throughout Missouri. The plant spreads easily and can form large colonies when left untouched. The small fruits of this plant turn black when ripened and look like small kidneys.

Photographs taken in Ellington, MO., 6-3-01, and in Gainesville, FL., 2-11-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Fabales  
 Family Fabaceae  
 Genus Medicago  
  Medicago lupulina    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Medicago appenina Medicago cupaniana Medicago lupulina cupaniana Medicago lupulina eurasiatica Medicago lupulina glandulosa Medicago wildenowii   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 332, 1993; 台灣入侵及外來種圖鑑, 林業試驗所 2005
Name Code: 203183
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Medicago+lupulina+var.+glandulosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Medicago+lupulina+var.+glandulosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Medicago+lupulina&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Medicago+lupulina&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2017-11-23 17:01:30 gmt
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