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Magnolia fraseri Walter
MOUNTAIN MAGNOLIA; FRASER MAGNOLIA
Life   Plantae   Magnolia

Magnolia fraseri
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Magnolia fraseri

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Magnolia fraseri
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Magnolia fraseri
Magnolia fraseri
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Magnolia fraseri

Magnolia fraseri
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Magnolia fraseri
Magnolia fraseri
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Magnolia fraseri

Magnolia fraseri
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Magnolia fraseri
Magnolia fraseri, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, leaf - whole upper surface

Magnolia fraseri, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, whole tree or vine - general
Magnolia fraseri, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, bark - of a large tree

Magnolia fraseri, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
Magnolia fraseri, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, bark - of a large tree

Magnolia fraseri, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, twig - orientation of petioles
Magnolia fraseri, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, twig - orientation of petioles

Magnolia fraseri, fruit - section or open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, fruit - section or open
Magnolia fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Magnolia fraseri, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma pedunculi @ BPI (3)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia artocreas @ BPI (2)

Urosporella magnoliae @ BPI (2)
Aphididae  Illinoia ( @ NCSU_ENT (3)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Fusicoccum nervicola @ BPI (2)
Brassicaceae  Dilophia magnoliae @ BPI (3)
Bulgariaceae  Holwaya ophiobolus @ BPI (2)
Chionosphaeraceae  Stilbum magnum @ BPI (1)
Clavariaceae  Clavaria subulata @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium leptaleum @ BPI (2)

Corticium lilacinum @ BPI (1)

Corticium scutellare @ BPI (2)
Dacrymycetaceae  Calocera viscosa @ BPI (3)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium corynitrichum @ BPI (2)

Cladosporium sericeum @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Mollisia introviridis @ BPI (1)

Tapesia sanguinea @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe binoculata @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype platystoma @ BPI (2)

Eutypa spinosa @ BPI (2)

Eutypella stellulata @ BPI (2)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium alboatrum @ BPI (4)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus cerinus @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (2)
Hypocreaceae  Hypomyces rosellus @ BPI (2)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Bombardia fasciculata @ BPI (2)

Lasiosphaeria canescens @ BPI (1)

Lasiosphaeria sulphurella @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Lachnella virginica @ BPI (2)
Melanconidaceae  Calospora @ BPI (1)
Melanommataceae  Melanomma pulvis-pyrius @ BPI (5)
Meruliaceae  Phlebia merismoides @ BPI (2)

Phlebia radiata @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium sarcochroum @ BPI (2)

Nectria coccinea @ BPI (2)

Nectria magnoliae @ BPI (3)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (2)

Volutella @ BPI (1)
Onagraceae  Kneiffia setigera @ BPI (1)
Orbiliaceae  Orbilia xanthostigma @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Stagonospora pedunculi @ BPI (5)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium lanceolatum @ BPI (2)

Helminthosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (2)

Helminthosporium septemseptatum @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus ostreatus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus @ BPI (1)

Poria gordoniensis @ BPI (1)

Poria mollusca @ BPI (1)

Poria versipora @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex obliquus @ BPI (1)
Trichiaceae  Hemitrichia stipitata @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Collybia conigenoides @ BPI (6)
Tubeufiaceae  Helicoma muelleri @ BPI (2)

Helicosporium muelleri @ BPI (2)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia subeffigurata @ 362510A (1); 366359A (1); 366359B (1); 362510B (1)
Valsaceae  Radulum magnoliae @ BPI (6)

Radulum molare @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon howeianum @ BPI (4)

Hypoxylon jecorinum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon nuttallii @ BPI (5)

Hypoxylon perforatum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (3)

Rosellinia subiculata @ BPI (2)

Rosellinia thelena @ BPI (2)

Xylaria ianthino-velutina @ BPI (1)

Xylaria ianthinovelutina @ BPI (1)
_  Creonectria coccinea @ BPI (3)

Leptothyrium liriodendri @ BPI (2)

Leptothyrium petiolorum @ BPI (8)

Naematelia nucleata @ BPI (2)

Pilacre petersii @ BPI (2)

Sporidesmium concinnum @ BPI (4)

Zygodesmus tiliaceus @ BPI (1)

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MAFR ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MAFR
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MAFR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MAFR
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Magnolia fraseri Walter
mountain magnolia

Image of Magnolia fraseri

General Information
Symbol: MAFR
Group: Dicot
Family: Magnoliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Magnolia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 81. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Magnoliales
Family Magnoliaceae – Magnolia family
Genus Magnolia L. – magnolia
Species Magnolia fraseri Walter – mountain magnolia

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MAFR)
Flora of North America (MAFR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAFR)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (MAFR)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (MAFR)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (MAFR)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Magnoliaceae | Magnolia

3. Magnolia fraseri Walter, Fl. Carol. 159. 1788.

Mountain magnolia

Magnolia auricularis Salisbury; M. auriculata W.Bartram

Trees , deciduous, single-trunked, to 25(-32.6) m. Bark gray to brownish, smooth. Pith homogeneous. Twigs and foliar buds glabrous. Leaves crowded in terminal whorl-like clusters; stipules (5.4-)7.6-9.5(-10) × 2-6 cm, abaxially glandular. Leaf blade rhombic-obovate to obovate-spatulate or oblanceolate, broadest near middle, gradually tapering to base, 20-30(-60) × 8-16(-27) cm, base deeply cordate or auriculate to somewhat truncate, apex obtuse to acute or somewhat acuminate; surfaces abaxially strongly glaucous, glabrous, adaxially deep green, glabrous. Flowers fragrant, 16-22 cm across; spathaceous bracts 2, abaxially glandular; tepals creamy white, the outermost greenish; stamens 100-200, 8-14 mm; filaments white; pistils 50-90. Follicetums ellipsoid, 5.5-10 × 2.5-5 cm, glabrous; follicles recurved, long-beaked, glabrous. Seeds lenticular, 7-10 mm, aril red. 2 n =38.

Flowering spring. Rich woods and coves; 300-1520m; Ga., Ky., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Magnolia fraseri , a tree of the Appalachian mountains and upper piedmont, and its close congener M. pyramidata , of the lower piedmont and coastal plain, are sometimes confused taxonomically, but they differ in a series of good characters. Some investigators have treated them as geographic varieties or subspecies of M. fraseri . Magnolia fraseri differs from M. pyramidata in being a much larger tree with wide-speading branches, different leaf shape, larger flowers, more numerous stamens, and larger follicetums. In their present geographic distribution, these taxa are allopatric. In some localities M. fraseri may be abundant, as in the area near Sugar Grove, Smythe County, Virginia, where hundreds of specimens occur. It is a desirable flowering tree, occasionally cultivated.

The largest known tree of Magnolia fraseri , 32.6m in height with a trunk diameter of 94 cm, is recorded from Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee (American Forestry Association 1994).

Updated: 2018-06-23 23:46:16 gmt
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