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Cichorium intybus L.
CHICORY
Chickory

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Cichorium

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Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, whole plant - in flower - general view
Cichorium intybus, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Cichorium intybus, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Cichorium intybus, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, leaf - on upper stem

Cichorium intybus, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, stem - showing leaf bases
Cichorium intybus, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, whole plant - juvenile

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma cichoriacearum @ BPI (1)

Phoma herbarum @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Perdita octomaculata @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (3); NCSU (1)

Nasonovia ( @ AMNH_PBI (5); NCSU (19)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (9); AMNH_PBI (13)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ PN- (2); MLSB__N16- (10)

Bombus bimaculatus @ MLSB__N16- (4); PN- (3)

Bombus fervidus @ PN- (2)

Bombus griseocollis @ MLSB__N16- (4); PN- (2); CUIC_ENT (2)

Bombus impatiens @ PN- (7); MLSB__N16- (2)

Bombus ternarius @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus vagans @ PN- (1)

Ceratina calcarata @ PN- (25); MLSB__N16- (45)

Melissodes bimaculata @ PN- (2); UCMS_ENT (5)

Melissodes bimaculatus @ MLSB__N16- (4)

Peponapis pruinosa @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Triepeolus lunatus @ MLSB__N16- (2)

Xylocopa virginica @ MLSB__N16- (2)
Chrysomelidae  Diabrotica undecimpunctata @ MLSB__N16- (4); PN- (2)
Colletidae  Colletes compactus @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Hylaeus schwarzii @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe orthoceras @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis albicans @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis cichoracearum @ BPI (2)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma cichorii @ BPI (5)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (4)
Halictidae  Agapostemon sericeus @ PN- (3); MLSB__N16- (3)

Agapostemon splendens/texanus @ PN- (3)

Agapostemon splendens @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon texanus @ MLSB__N16- (2); PN- (5)

Agapostemon virescens @ MLSB__N16- (20); UCMS_ENT (3); CUIC_ENT (3); PN- (22)

Agapostemon @ PN- (1)

Augochlora pura @ PN- (11)

Augochlorella aurata @ PN- (1); CUIC_ENT (3)

Dufourea monardae @ BBSL (12)

Halictus confusus @ UCMS_ENT (2); PN- (4)

Halictus ligatus @ MLSB__N16- (3); PN- (2)

Halictus rubicundus @ PN- (1); CUIC_ENT (6); MLSB__N16- (1)

Lasioglossum ( @ MLSB__N16- (6); PN- (2)

Lasioglossum coeruleum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum heterognathum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum leucozonium @ UCMS_ENT (12)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum versatum @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Sphecodes davisii @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Anthidium oblongatum @ MLSB__N16- (3); PN- (1)

Megachile centuncularis @ MLSB__N16- (2); PN- (3)

Megachile mendica @ MLSB__N16- (2); BBSL (1)

Megachile rotundata @ PN- (3); MLSB__N16- (4)

Pseudoanthidium nanum? @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Pseudoanthidium nanum? @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Stelis montana @ BBSL (2)
Miridae  Atractotomus balli @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora cichorii @ BPI (5)

Ramularia lapsanae @ BPI (2)

Rhabdospora intybi @ BPI (5)

Septoria intybi @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Bremia lactucae @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium @ BPI (1)

Pleospora herbarum @ BPI (3)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia chondrillae @ BPI (1)

Puccinia cichorii @ BPI (18)

Puccinia hieracii @ BPI (87)
Scarabaeidae  Popillia japonica @ MLSB__N16- (1); PN- (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Sclerotinia minor @ BPI (3)

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum @ BPI (4)
Syrphidae  Epistrophe @ PN- (3)

Parasyrphus @ PN- (1)

Platycheirus @ PN- (1)

Psilota @ PN- (1)

Sphaerophoria @ PN- (24)

Syritta pipiens @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Toxomerus geminatus @ MLSB__N16- (2)

Toxomerus marginatus @ MLSB__N16- (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium @ BPI (1)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago cichorii @ BPI (1)
_  Anthomyiidae @ PN- (6)

Aphididae @ PN- (1)

Arachnida @ PN- (2)

Ascochyta cichorii @ BPI (1)

Brachonidae @ PN- (1)

Braconidae @ PN- (1)

Calliphoridae @ PN- (2)

Chloropidae @ PN- (1)

Cicadellidae @ PN- (7)

Diptera @ PN- (1)

Dolichopodidae @ PN- (1)

Formicidae @ PN- (1)

Gryllidae @ PN- (3)

Lasiolgossum ( @ PN- (1)

Miridae @ PN- (2)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Colors

Chicory Cichorium intybus
Asteraceae — Aster family
Non-native
Chicory
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
June 2001 Chicory
Linden Hill Road
July 2009 Chicory Chicory
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
July 2012 Chicory
Limestone Road
July 2013

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Cichorium intybus L. f. album Neum.

Cichorium intybus plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To 1.5m tall, glabrous to sparsely strigose and scabrous, herbaceous, branching, erect, with milky sap, from a massive taproot.

Cichorium intybus root Root.

Leaves - Alternate. Basal leaves lyrate pinnatifid, resembling those of the genus Taraxacum , to +30cm long, +6cm wide, toothed, pubescent above and below, hirsute on midrib below. Cauline leaves lanceolate to linear, clasping, entire, much reduced.

Cichorium intybus basals Basal rosette.

Cichorium intybus plant

Inflorescence - Typically 1-3 axillary flowers in upper portion of stems. Some flowers terminal. Lower flowers with reduced leaf(bract) subtending. Upper flowers with no bract or bract reduced and scalelike.

Involucre - Outer phyllaries 5-6mm long, acute, glabrous, +/-2mm broad, bulbous at base, green. Inner phyllaries to 1.1cm long, 2mm broad, linear, acute, typically with scarious margins and lacerate at apex, green.

Ray flowers - Ligule white, 5-toothed at apex, to -2cm long, 5-6mm broad, pubescent externally. Flowers fertile. Anthers pale-yellow to white, 4mm long, connate around style. Style white, bifurcate. Stigmas white. Achenes -2mm long in flower. Pappus of short scales. Receptacle flat.

Cichorium intybus plant

Disc flowers - Absent.

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Roadsides, railroads, disturbed sites, waste ground. Also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Chicory is an extremely common roadside weed. At the zoo we feed the plant to many of the animals as a treat. The flowers and leaves go great in salads. The root is used as a flavoring in coffee.
During the hot summer months the flowers only stay open a short time in the morning. As the days cool the flowers stay open nearly all day.
The typical flower color is blue. These blue-flowered plants are form intybus . You can see this form in the "Blue Flowers Alternate" section of this website.

Photographs taken off Prairie View Rd., Platte County, MO., 6-19-00.


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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Cichorium intybus L. - Cichory

Cichorium intybus plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To 1.5m tall, glabrous to sparsely strigose and scabrous, herbaceous, branching, erect, with milky sap, from a massive taproot.

Cichorium intybus stem Stem.

Cichorium intybus root Root.

Leaves - Alternate. Basal leaves lyrate pinnatifid, resembling those of the genus Taraxacum , to +30cm long, +6cm wide, dentate, pubescent above and below, hirsute on midrib below. Cauline leaves lanceolate to linear, clasping, entire, much reduced.

Cichorium intybus leaves

Inflorescence - Typically 1-3 axillary flowers in upper portion of stems. Some flowers terminal. Lower flowers with reduced leaf(bract) subtending. Upper flowers with no bract or bract reduced and scalelike.

Involucre - Outer phyllaries 5-6mm long, acute, glabrous, +/-2mm broad, bulbous at base, green. Inner phyllaries to 1.1cm long, 2mm broad, linear, acute, typically with scarious margins and lacerate at apex, green.

Cichorium intybus involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - Ligule blue to lilac, 5-toothed at apex, to -2cm long, 5-6mm broad, pubescent externally. Flowers fertile. Anthers blue, 4mm long, connate around style. Style blue above, white below, bifurcate. Stigma blue. Achenes -2mm long in flower. Pappus of short scales. Receptacle flat.

Disc flowers - Absent.

Cichorium intybus flower

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Roadsides, railroads, disturbed sites, waste ground. Also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Chicory is an extremely common roadside weed. It is probably the most easily recognizable plant in the state because of its big blue flowers and roadside habitat. During the hot summer months the flowers only stay open a short time in the morning. As the days cool the flowers stay open nearly all day.
The plant shown above is form intybus , having the typical blue corolla. Form album Neum. has white corollas. A third form, form roseum Neum. , has rose-colored corollas, but this plant is not yet spontaneous in this state.

Photographs taken in Eminence, MO., 6-27-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Asterales  
 Family Compositae  
 Genus Cichorium  
  Cichorium intybus    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Cichorium balearicum Cichorium byzantinum Cichorium caeruleum Cichorium cicorea Cichorium commune Cichorium cosnia Cichorium divaricatum Cichorium glabratum Cichorium glaucum Cichorium hirsutum Cichorium illyricum details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 4: 903, 1998; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 202427
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIIN ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIIN
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cichorium+intybus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cichorium+intybus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2017-11-23 17:01:51 gmt
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