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Chionanthus virginicus L.
WHITE FRINGETREE
Old-mans-beard; Fringetree

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Oleaceae   Chionanthus

Chionanthus virginicus, White Fringetree
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 12
Chionanthus virginicus, White Fringetree

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Chionanthus virginicus, White Fringetree
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 9
Chionanthus virginicus, White Fringetree
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  Plantae @ I_GSJW (10)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria pyriospora @ BPI (4)

Phyllosticta chionanthi @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis diatrypea @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Dermea chionanthi @ BPI (13)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Didymosphaeria chionanthi @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia guttata @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Glomerella cingulata @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium mori @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melogramma fuliginosa @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora chionanthi @ BPI (7)

Septoria chionanthi @ BPI (1)

Septoria eleospora @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Calonectria polythalama @ BPI (2)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Stagonospora chionanthi @ BPI (2)
Polyporaceae  Fomes ribis @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Sclerotinia @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora chionanthi @ BPI (3)

Valsa chionanthi @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Duke University
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http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/chvi.html ---> https://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/chvi.html
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/chvi.html

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/cvirginicus.htm

Following modified from N.C. State University
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http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/factsheets/trees-new/chionanthus_virginicus.html ---> https://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/factsheets/trees-new/chionanthus_virginicus.html
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/factsheets/trees-new/chionanthus_virginicus.html

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Chionanthus virginicus L. - Fringe Tree

Family - Oleaceae

Stems - Erect, multiple or single from base, to 10m, branching, woody. Twigs glabrous.

Leaves - Opposite, petiolate. Petiole pubescent, to 2cm long. Blades to +12cm long, +6cm broad, elliptic, mostly glabrous above, pubescent below.

Adaxial surface.

Abaxial surface.

Inflorescence - Terminal cymes to +10cm long, often drooping. Peduncles thin(-1mm in diameter), glabrous. Pedicels to 7mm long. Branches of panicle opposite, decussate.

Flowers - Corolla white, deeply 4-lobed, glabrous. Corolla tube to 3mm long, with purple internally. Lobes +1.5cm long, 3mm broad, linear to oblanceolate, rounded at apex. Stamens 2, included, adnate to corolla tube. Filaments short. Anthers 1.2mm long, purplish. Ovary superior, 2-locular. Placentation axile. Calyx tube to 1.2mm long, green, glabrous, 4-lobed. Lobes 2mm long, acute, glabrous. Fruit a dark subglobose to ovoid drupe to 1.5cm long.

Chionanthus virginicus flowers

Chionanthus virginicus calyx Calyx.

Chionanthus virginicus organs

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Rocky ground along bluffs, glades, and ledges. Also found in wet woods and in cultivation.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species is becoming popular in cultivation because of its showy flower clusters and the fact it is native. Typically the plant is shrubby but it can be grown as a small tree. The plant was used medicinally by Indians and more modern physicians to treat many ailments from congestion to infections. It is not used much anymore.
In Missouri the plant is found growing wild only in a few southern counties. It is cold tolerant and can grows as far north as New Jersey.

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 4-29-03, and in Auburn, AL., 4-17-05.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHVI3
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHVI3

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chionanthus+virginicus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chionanthus+virginicus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chionanthus+virginicus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-11-21 14:02:23 gmt
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