D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Augochlorella aurata (Smith, 1853)
Augochlora aurata Smith, 1853; Augochlora striata Provancher, 1888; Augochlora austrina Robertson, 1893; Augochlora matilda Robertson, 1893; Augochlora confusa Robertson, 1897; Augochlora (Augochlora) coloradensis Titus, 1901; Halictus levinasis Vachal, 1911; Halictus purus_homonym Vachal, 1911; Augochlora pseudopurella Strand, 1914, replacement name; Oxystoglossa confusa (Robertson, 1897)

Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Halictidae   Augochlorella
Subgenus: None

Augochlorella aurata, sweat bee
© Copyright John Ascher, 2006-2014 · 10
Augochlorella aurata, sweat bee

Click on map for details about points.

Links
  • Hosts

  • We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • Image from Cedar Creek Natural History Area
  • CalPhotos

80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Augochlorella aurata, female, face
Smithsonian Institution, Entomology Department · 9
Augochlorella aurata, female, face
Augochlorella aurata, female, side
Smithsonian Institution, Entomology Department · 9
Augochlorella aurata, female, side

Augochlorella aurata, female, top
Smithsonian Institution, Entomology Department · 9
Augochlorella aurata, female, top
Augochlorella aurata, female, wing
Smithsonian Institution, Entomology Department · 9
Augochlorella aurata, female, wing

Augochlora pura, Pure Green Sweat Bee
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Augochlora pura, Pure Green Sweat Bee
Augochlorella aurata, Sweat Bee
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Augochlorella aurata, Sweat Bee

Augochlorella aurata MALE mm x f
© Copyright Laurence Packer 2014 · 7
Augochlorella aurata MALE mm x f
Augochlorella aurata, Sweat Bee
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Augochlorella aurata, Sweat Bee

Augochlorella aurata, back, Camden County, Georgia ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochlorella aurata, back, Camden County, Georgia ---.. ZS PMax
Augochlorella aurata, face, Camden County, Georgia ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochlorella aurata, face, Camden County, Georgia ---.. ZS PMax

Augochlorella aurata, side, Camden County, Georgia ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochlorella aurata, side, Camden County, Georgia ---.. ZS PMax
Augochlorella aurata, F, Back, MD, Boonesboro ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochlorella aurata, F, Back, MD, Boonesboro ---.. ZS PMax

Augochlorella aurata, F, Face, MD, Boonsboro ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochlorella aurata, F, Face, MD, Boonsboro ---.. ZS PMax
Augochlorella aurata, F, Side, MD, Boonsboro ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochlorella aurata, F, Side, MD, Boonsboro ---.. ZS PMax
Overview
Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1960 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 141.

FEMALE—Length 5.5 mm.; entire body brilliant green, more or less suffused with coppery or red; mandibles dark, with a small, inner, subapical tooth; clypeus above shining, punctures deep and distinct, rather sparse medially, becoming finer and closer laterally, apical half blackened, where punctures are much more coarse and rather close; supraclypeal area shining, punctures minute and rather sparse; face above antennae densely rugosopunctate and rather dull; cheeks somewhat shining below, microscopically lineolate or tessellate, becoming somewhat more dull and densely tessellate above; pubescence of head and thorax pale yellowish above, very short, becoming whitish below; scutum somewhat shining medially, punctures uniformly fine and very close throughout, except that the lateral, anterior angles become densely rugose; scutellum quite flat, minutely and closely punctate, slightly shining; pleura anteriorly reticulate, otherwise quite densely and rather finely rugose; dorsal area of propodeum considerably broader than metanotum, rather coarsely and uniformly striate, posterior margin somewhat rounded and smooth (in contrast with striata where the posterior margin is subcarinate), lateral faces rather dull, obscurely reticulate anteriorly becoming more tessellate posteriorly and posterior face tessellate; coxae, trochanters and femora largely greenish, tibiae more piceous, tarsi becoming brownish-testaceous apically; tegulae largely yellowish-hyaline, becoming somewhat more brownish-testaceous posteriorly; wings hyaline, veins and stigma pale testaceous; abdominal terga somewhat shining, punctures exceedingly minute and close, almost tessellate even on basal tergum, apical margins only slightly impressed, puncturation not greatly different from that of discs, pubescence very short but rather copious, entirely pale.


MALE—Length 5 mm.; entire body brilliant green, becoming in some specimens almost entirely coppery red; mandibles and labrum dull testaceous to yellowish; clypeus shining, punctures rather coarse and close, apical margin narrowly yellowish; supraclypeal area somewhat shining below, finely and rather closely punctate above; face above antennae rather dull, densely and very finely rugoso-punctate; cheeks below shining, with a few scattered, exceedingly minute punctures, becoming more dull and finely tessellate or lineolate above; scape black, flagellum brownish-ferruginous beneath, piceous above, the two basal segments very short, 3rd about as long as broad, the following segments successively more elongate, becoming about 2.5 times longer than broad; pubescence of head and thorax short, entirely pale, somewhat tinged with ochraceous above, whitish below; scutum shining, punctures rather well separated medially, very fine but distinct, becoming close, almost crowded laterally, and densely rugose in area of lateral apical angles; scutellum less shining, punctures much more close, minute anteriorly, becoming coarser and closer posteriorly; pleura coarsely rugose anteriorly, otherwise with densely crowded but rather distinct and coarse punctures, those just beneath wing bases very fine, dorsal area of propodeum slightly broader than metanotum, closely and quite distinctly striate, but posterior margin somewhat smooth and rounded, lateral faces dull, finely and irregularly roughened, posterior face irregularly roughened or in part punctate; tegulae yellowish anteriorly, becoming more testaceous posteriorly; wings hyaline, veins and stigma testaceous; coxae, trochanters and femora green, mid and hind tibiae somewhat tinged with green, but otherwise testaceous, front tibiae and all tarsi yellowish-testaceous; apical half of hind basitarsi with elongate hairs, the basal half with short hairs; abdominal terga somewhat shining, basal tergum with minute but rather deep and distinct, very close punctures, those on 2 somewhat more close and obscure, 3 and 4 becoming more tessellate, apical margins rather broadly but shallowly impressed apically, rims faintly blackened, pubescence rather short but copious, entirely pale; apical margin of sternum 4 broadly incurved; gonostyli extremely short, composed of a very short, truncate, outer lobe and a broad, rounded, inner lobe which bears a marginal fringe of setae; cuspis small, the digitus of volsellae broadly rounded; dorsal excavation of penis valves more restricted, with a distinct subcarinate posterior margin, tips considerably exceeding the gonostyli.


DISTRIBUTION—Northern Mexico to Colorado, Minnesota and the New England states, south to Florida; May to October.

FLOWER RECORDS—Agastache, Althaea, Apocynum, Asclepias, Barbarea, Ceanothus, Cotoneaster, Lotus, Malva, Melilotus, Monarda, Rhus, Salvia, Solidago, Taraxacum and Trifolium. Robertson (1929) records aurata (as Oxystoglossa similis) on the following additional genera: Alisma, Ammannia, Amorpha, Antennaria, Anthemis, Arabis, Asclepias, Asparagus, Aster, Blephilia, Brauneria, Camassia, Capsella, Cardamine, Cassia, Cerastium, Chrysanthemum, Claytonia, Coreopsis, Cornus, Crataegus, Cuphea, Dianthera, Diospyros, Erigeron, Eupatorium, Fragaria, Geranium, Geum, Gnaphalium, Hedeoma, Helianthus, Heuchera, Houstonia, Hypoxis, Krigia, Lepidium, Lespedeza, Lippia, Ludwigia, Lycopus, Nothoscordum, Parthenium, Petalostemon, Plantego, Polemonium, Polytaenia, Potentilla, Prunus, Pycnanthemum, Radicula, Ranunculus, Rubus, Rudbeckia, Sabatia, Sagittaria, Salix, Senecio, Sisymbrium, Sisyrinchium, Smilacina, Smilax, Specularia, Stellaria, Symphoricarpus, Taenidia, Thaspium, Tradescantia, Valerianella, Verbena, Verbesina, Veronica and Zizia. There is still some question concerning the true identity of Halictus xystris Vachal. The type series has been examined by Padre S. Moure and some notes on the lectotype received from him indicate the probability that it lies within the range of variation of aurata.

Reprinted from THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS SCIENCE BULLETIN VOL. XLVI PAGES 509-624 JUNE 17, 1966 No. 16 Systematics of the Genus Augochlorella (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) North of Mexico By Ellen Okdway


Description.

Female: (1) Length 5 to 6 mm; head width 1.44 to 1.91 mm, averaging 1.69 mm; head width greater than length. (2) Color bright green to yellow- or coppery-green; frons without bluish reflections; meta-soma usually more golden, coppery or brownish than head and thorax. (3) Mandible with basal third dark brown, yellow-brown centrally, rufous at tip, without green basal reflections. (4) Clypeal length equal to width or slightly longer; basal part green with punctures variable in size, smallest and closest near basal angles, becoming larger apically and separated by about twice their diameters or more; apical third to two-thirds of clypeus brown and slightly beveled, with elongate punctures becoming shallow and indis¬tinct at apex, giving apex roughened appearance; surface between punctures smooth and shiny. (5) Supraclypeal area with surface weakly roughened, punctures small just below antennae and along subantennal sutures, some¬times with few scattered punctures centrally. (6) Paraocular area usually closely punctate below antenna, finely rugose above antenna. (7) Antenna brown, flagellum lighter below than above; first flagellar segment wider than long; pedicel slightly longer and narrower than first flagellar segment, ratio of length to width variable. (8) Scutum coarsely and irregularly punc¬tured, punctures close, usually with little or no space between them, rarely separated by as much as a puncture width centrally, becoming closer and coarser laterally; surface between punctures, when present, smooth and shiny centrally; anterior margin roughened with surface finely lineolate and dull medially, becoming rugose laterally and at anterolateral angles. (9) Tegula twice as long as wide. (10) Scutellum shiny and roughened, irregularly punctate or rugose. (11) Pleuron irregularly rugose, becoming coarsely areolate anteriorly. (12) Propodeum with disc slightly longer than to a little more than 1.5 times as long as metanotum; outline of disc roundly semi¬circular, profile type 2, posterior edge indistinct and gradually rounded; striae variable, usually irregular, branched, vermiform, occupying 60 to 80 percent the length of disc medially, reaching edge laterally; surface beyond striae smooth but minutely lineate or finely roughened; posterior vertical surface shiny and smooth with sparsely scattered minute punctures, or sur¬face finely granular with granular texture extending across upper part of posterolateral corner to lateral surface; lateral vertical surface weakly rugose or coarsely roughened with widely separated or reticulated rugae. (13) Legs brown; fore and hind coxae strongly metallic; trochanters and femora with feeble metallic reflections. (14) First metasomal tergum with anterior sur¬face brilliantly polished with a few widely spaced fine punctures; punctures more numerous and surface less brilliant dorsally; second tergum with numerous fine punctures separated by about twice their diameters; surface usually dull; first sternum sometimes darker than others, often greenish but not metallic. (15) Pubescence golden-white dorsally on head, thorax, apical segments of legs, and on dorsal and last two ventral metasomal segments; white ventrally on head and thorax; white or golden on basal segments of legs and ventral part of metasoma.


Male: (1) Length 7 mm; head width 1.45 to 1.80 mm, averaging 1.66 mm; head width equal to, greater than or less than length with no regional or seasonal pattern. (2) Color yellow-green to coppery-green; frons without blue reflections; metasoma usually more golden or reddish than rest of body. (3) Mandible with or without metallic reflections basally. (4) Clypeal sur¬face shiny between rather large punctures; punctures irregular in size, shape and spacing, smallest along basal edge. (5) Supraclypeal area with small scattered punctures; surface between punctures minutely roughened, dull; rougher immediately below antennae than just above clypeus, or shiny and smooth. (6) Paraocular area finely and closely punctate to rugosopunctate. (7) Flagellum dark brown above, yellow below; scape entirely dark brown except for small apical yellow area on underside; pedicel dark brown and yellow; last flagellar segment rarely darker below than preceding segments, but if so, then only partially dark apically; pedicel and first flagellar seg¬ment about 15 times as wide as long. (8) Scutum shiny with punctures distinct, separated by less than their own diameters medially, slightly closer laterally, smaller and closer posteriorly; anterior margin roughened to finely rugose medially to rugose laterally. (9) Tegula more than 1.5 times as long as wide. (10) Scutellum shiny, coarsely punctate, punctures distinct but ir¬regular in size and spacing. (11) Pleuron rugose to rugosopunctate, coarsely areolate anteriorly. (12) Disc of propodeum longer than metanotum; outline of disc semicircular, posterior edge prominent, abruptly rounded medially, gradually rounded laterally; striae variable, usually moderately coarse, irreg¬ular or wavy, not quite reaching edge medially, attaining edge laterally; surface of disc beyond median striae coarsely roughened to smooth and shiny with minute reticulations; posterior vertical surface usually smooth and brilliant, or only weakly and irregularly roughened, upper part of pos¬terolateral corners minutely punctate to weakly roughened; lateral vertical surfaces roughened to rugose or finely areolate with weak horizontal rugae along anterior and ventral margins. (13) Legs with fore and hind coxae, trochanters and femora bright green, tibiae yellow-brown, usually darker centrally, hind tibia sometimes weakly reflecting green on inner surface; tarsi pale yellow; hind basitarsus with erect hairs along apical two-thirds of segment only, longer basally than apically; longest hairs about twice as long as width of segment, usually slightly curved at tips; basal third of segment without erect hairs; basal tuft short and sparse. (14) Metasomal terga green with apical margins usually narrowly brown; first tergum polished anteriorly with few, widely scattered fine punctures, smooth but less shiny dorsally, punctures denser, minute, separated by 1.5 times their diameters or less; sterna brown, first sternum with green reflections; fourth sternum emarginate apically. (15) Pubescence short, thick and white between an¬tennae and on paraocular areas, white on cheeks, venter of thorax and basal segments of legs; white to golden-white on clypeus, frons and vertex, dor¬sum of thorax, on tibiae and tarsi and metasoma. (16) Genital capsule, seventh and eighth sterna and eighth tergum of type 1 (Figs. 33, 40, 43). Comparisons. Although the range of persimilis overlaps that of four other species of Augochlorella, females intergrade only with form c of stri¬ata. There is no sure way of separating females of the two species where intermediates occur although the key will distinguish a majority. Males of the two species remain distinct and are readily distinguishable by the key characters. Both males and females of persitnilis may superficially resemble bracteata in size, coloration and often in characters of the propodeal disc. There is however, only slight overlap in ranges and the consistantly rougher thorax of persimilis effectively serves to distinguish the two species. Apart from bracteata and striata c, persimilis can be distinguished from the eastern species by its generally smaller size, smoother body and propodeal disc with rounded posterior edge and short medial striae. The males are distinguishable by the long hind basitarsal hairs (Fig. 50) although in Texas two male specimens of gratiosa were found that looked very similar to those of persimilis (see variation under gratiosa). The fourth metasomal sternum of the males is about as emarginate as that of gratiosa, so that any distinction is difficult to make, especially when the segments are telescoped.


Variation. Body color varies in persimilis from blue-green to golden or coppery-yellow. The metasoma is usually lighter in color than the head and thorax (it may be browner or yellower). The males are predominantly yellowish green throughout the range except in Arkansas, Virginia and Georgia where all individuals seen are coppery in color. In Kansas, where a large sample was available, 85% of the females are bright green, 14% yellow-green or coppery and 1% blue-green. More than half the specimens are yellow-green or coppery-green in Tennessee, North Carolina, Maryland, Texas, Arkansas, Indiana, Missouri, Minnesota and Virginia, but populations are predominantly bright green in Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska and Wiscon¬sin. About half the specimens are bright green in Louisiana and Oklahoma. In both males and females, the width of the head varies widely within any one area. When measurements were pooled for each sex, however, nor¬mal distributions were obtained with only a slightly skewed distribution in the case of males. The head width may be greater than, equal to or less than the length in the case of the males with only slight differences between width and length. In females the width is consistently greater than the length. Litde difference in size was found between populations from differ¬ent areas. In females, the average head width of field caught bees is greater during the spring (March, April, May) (Fig. 89) than during other months; at least throughout much of the range only queens are present in spring. During the rest of the season, both queens and workers are present. (See Ordway, 1965a, for discussion of size and caste data.) The length of the clypeus in females is about equal to the width giving the face a round appearance, especially in smaller individuals. The spacing and number of punctures on the clypeus are variable among individuals. Also, the extent of the brown color on the apical portion varies from about one-third to one-half the length. No regional trends were observed for either character. The supraclypeal area is always roughened in females and at least par¬tially so in males. The amount of punctation in this area is variable as is the degree of roughness. The paraocular areas are usually punctate near the lower ends of the eyes and finely rugose elsewhere. However, in about one percent of the females from throughout the range the roughness extends to the bases of the mandibles. The antennae of some males have the last flagellar segment slightly darker below than the preceding segments but the segment is only partially dark and the darkening is slight. The punctures of the scutum in females are rather constant in size but vary in respect to their spacing. The punctures are always distinct centrally but are closer toward the edges and the scutum may become rugose laterally and anteriorly. The amount of space between the central punctures varies; usually the punctures are close together with little space between, giving the surface a rather rough appearance. The surface looks smoother when the punctures are more widely spaced as in many of the specimens from Arkan¬sas and a few from Virginia. The anteromedial surface is finely lineolate or roughened. This roughening extends for varying distances along the median suture but is always evident at least at the anterior end of the suture. There is little variability in scuta of males. The scutellum in males and many females has punctures of various sizes and unequal spacing. In the females the scutellum may have distinct punc¬tures or the punctures may run together or the surface may be entirely rugose, with all conditions occurring in populations throughout the range. When the punctures are distinct in females, they are closer and smaller at the edges, becoming rugose along the posterior margin and along the medial line, usually being shallower and smaller than those on the scutum. In males the punctures may vary from widely spaced to crowded. There is little variation in the pleural region. Although the sculpturing of the mesepisternum and metepisternum is about equally coarse, the rugose patterns of the two areas are different. As in other eastern species the propodeal area is highly variable, yet in females, it remains the most diagnostic character available. The disc is longer than the metanotum in both sexes. Only 1 male out of about 50 measured was found with disc and metanotum equal in length [Illinois, 566, Hart Coll. (14*)]. In males the metanotum showed greater variation in length than the propodeum; in females, both structures varied in length. The shape of the margin of the disc and the lack of a V-shaped midapical depression is unvarying in all males. In 2 males out of about 300 examined, the usually thick posterior margin was thin, abruptly angulate and almost carinate [Indiana, Warren Co., VII-25-50 (16); Missouri, Tecumseh, VI-9-60 (25)]. In females the shape of the margin varies little and there is no V-shaped depression. Although the smooth, lineate, posterior part of the disc does extend onto the posterior surface in. the shape of a V, there is no median depression as is found in gratiosa or some striata. The posterior edge in fe¬males usually is thickened as in males, but may be very narrow, flat or in certain cases completely rounded so that there is no clear demarkation of the margin [Illinois, 16966 (14); Nebraska, Nebraska City, VIII-23-01 (28)]. The striae are extremely variable in both sexes although more so in females. Variation in males is limited chiefly to the thickness of the striae and to the amount of their separation. The striae in both males and females may be regular and straight or, more usually, at least partially wavy, branched or irregular. All grades of irregularity occur in the striae of females, but rarely are the striae straight and distinct in the central area, and in no case was a specimen found in which the striae were both thick and straight, and widely spaced as in the large striata c or Floridian striata A. Although the striae rarely exceed 80% of the length of the disc centrally, specimens may be found where they reach into the lineate region medially [Texas (38); Kan¬sas, Douglas Co. (20) etc.]. The lateral striae are nearly always rather straight and distinct in both males and females. Various types of "extreme" conditions appear periodically in females of' various populations. It is not feasible to cite them all, but they include forms without striae and with only fine roughening along the basal half of the disc [Kansas, Lawrence, VIII-3-58 (20); Wisconsin, Oshkosh, VIII-7-16 (47)], or with fine rugae running transversely a-nd joining with lateral striae [Kansas, Douglas Co., IX-5-53 (28); Missouri, Buffalo, VI-8-52 (20) ] or with striae so irregular that there is no linear quality at all [Illinois, Algonquin, VI-4-09 (14); Missouri, Big Spring St. Pk. (20) etc.]. The posterior surface of the propodeum of females may be shiny and smooth or slightly less brilliant and granular in nature. No specimen was seen with rugae on this area. Specimens from the east (Maryland, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia) are predominantly shiny and smooth; in other areas both conditions occur in about equal proportions. Three specimens were found in which the propodeal area was somewhat misshapen with the result that the posterior surface was "wrinkled looking," shiny and without the usual minute punctures [Arkansas, Jonesboro, VI-29-52 (20); Wisconsin, Oshkosh, VIII-7-16 (47); Nebraska, Nebraska City, VIII-23-01 (28)]. In males the posterior surface is usually very shiny and only slightly but variously roughened. This roughening may be in the form of shallow punctures which may or may not be distinct or may be merely unevenness of the surface. Two specimens, however, were found with very rough and somewhat duller posterior surfaces [Illinois, 32408 (14); Illinois, Willow Spr., VIII-12-05 (14)]. There is little variation in coloration of the legs in either males or females except for the intensity of green. This coloration seems to be correlated with the darkness of body coloration, the paler (yellower) individuals having less strongly green legs. Such variation occurs throughout the range. The length of the hairs on the hind basitarsus of the male is rather constant. Only one male was found where the long hairs were as short as one-half the width of the basitarsal segment and in this case they originated close to the basal tuft with somewhat less space separating the tuft and the hairs than is nor¬mal [Arkansas, Malvern, VI-15-58 (25)]. The metasoma shows the usual color variation of other body regions. The first sternum of the male is variously tinted with green. Some speci¬mens have the metallic nature barely visible [Louisiana, 2392 (9); several Minnesota specimens, etc.] whereas others are bright green or intermediate. In females the first sternum is not green although it may vary from light brown to dark brown and may be shiny and greenish but never metallic. One male was found in which the second tergum is granulose and simi¬lar to the third rather than punctate as is the first [Missouri, Buffalo, VI-8-52 (20)]. The third tergum is frequently punctate like the first in females. In females the second tergum may be similar either to the first or third or even occasionally intermediate [Indiana, Tippecanoe Co., VI-16-53 (16)]. Again, this variation appears to be individual rather than regional in nature. The color of pubescence in females varies regionally to a slight extent. In the eastern states (Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennes¬see, Louisiana) the ventral part of the metasoma and basal segments of the legs have golden rather than white hair. In the midwest (Oklahoma, Wis¬consin, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Texas, Arkansas) most specimens are paler below with the hairs on the basal leg segments white and on the venter white or golden-white, although, in Iowa, Indiana, Okla¬homa and Arkansas, individuals are variable so that all combinations can be found. One male was found that had all white pubescence [Illinois, "Air¬port Region" Peoria, VII-20-41 (14)]. On the male genital capsule, the inner lobe is variable and usually similar to that of striata. There is a tendency for the rounded portion to slope off sooner at each side of the apex, whereas in striata it is more broadly rounded. The finger-like process is variable in length although it is rarely as long as in gratiosa or striata.
Distribution. From the eastern Appalachian Mountains, Maryland to Georgia, westward to about the 97th parallel, from southeastern Minnesota and Wisconsin southward to northeastern Texas and Arkansas (Map: Fig. 90). Detailed data are omitted for areas where there are numerous localities (see Methods).

Reprinted from THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS SCIENCE BULLETIN VOL. XLVI PAGES 509-624 JUNE 17, 1966 No. 16 Systematics of the Genus Augochlorella (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) North of Mexico By Ellen Okdway



Description.

Female: (1) Length 5 to 6 mm; head width 1.44 to 1.91 mm, averaging 1.69 mm; head width greater than length. (2) Color bright green to yellow- or coppery-green; frons without bluish reflections; meta-soma usually more golden, coppery or brownish than head and thorax. (3) Mandible with basal third dark brown, yellow-brown centrally, rufous at tip, without green basal reflections. (4) Clypeal length equal to width or slightly longer; basal part green with punctures variable in size, smallest and closest near basal angles, becoming larger apically and separated by about twice their diameters or more; apical third to two-thirds of clypeus brown and slightly beveled, with elongate punctures becoming shallow and indis¬tinct at apex, giving apex roughened appearance; surface between punctures smooth and shiny. (5) Supraclypeal area with surface weakly roughened, punctures small just below antennae and along subantennal sutures, some¬times with few scattered punctures centrally. (6) Paraocular area usually closely punctate below antenna, finely rugose above antenna. (7) Antenna brown, flagellum lighter below than above; first flagellar segment wider than long; pedicel slightly longer and narrower than first flagellar segment, ratio of length to width variable. (8) Scutum coarsely and irregularly punc¬tured, punctures close, usually with little or no space between them, rarely separated by as much as a puncture width centrally, becoming closer and coarser laterally; surface between punctures, when present, smooth and shiny centrally; anterior margin roughened with surface finely lineolate and dull medially, becoming rugose laterally and at anterolateral angles. (9) Tegula twice as long as wide. (10) Scutellum shiny and roughened, irregularly punctate or rugose. (11) Pleuron irregularly rugose, becoming coarsely areolate anteriorly. (12) Propodeum with disc slightly longer than to a little more than 1.5 times as long as metanotum; outline of disc roundly semi¬circular, profile type 2, posterior edge indistinct and gradually rounded; striae variable, usually irregular, branched, vermiform, occupying 60 to 80 percent the length of disc medially, reaching edge laterally; surface beyond striae smooth but minutely lineate or finely roughened; posterior vertical surface shiny and smooth with sparsely scattered minute punctures, or sur¬face finely granular with granular texture extending across upper part of posterolateral corner to lateral surface; lateral vertical surface weakly rugose or coarsely roughened with widely separated or reticulated rugae. (13) Legs brown; fore and hind coxae strongly metallic; trochanters and femora with feeble metallic reflections. (14) First metasomal tergum with anterior sur¬face brilliantly polished with a few widely spaced fine punctures; punctures more numerous and surface less brilliant dorsally; second tergum with numerous fine punctures separated by about twice their diameters; surface usually dull; first sternum sometimes darker than others, often greenish but not metallic. (15) Pubescence golden-white dorsally on head, thorax, apical segments of legs, and on dorsal and last two ventral metasomal segments; white ventrally on head and thorax; white or golden on basal segments of legs and ventral part of metasoma.


Male: (1) Length 7 mm; head width 1.45 to 1.80 mm, averaging 1.66 mm; head width equal to, greater than or less than length with no regional or seasonal pattern. (2) Color yellow-green to coppery-green; frons without blue reflections; metasoma usually more golden or reddish than rest of body. (3) Mandible with or without metallic reflections basally. (4) Clypeal sur¬face shiny between rather large punctures; punctures irregular in size, shape and spacing, smallest along basal edge. (5) Supraclypeal area with small scattered punctures; surface between punctures minutely roughened, dull; rougher immediately below antennae than just above clypeus, or shiny and smooth. (6) Paraocular area finely and closely punctate to rugosopunctate. (7) Flagellum dark brown above, yellow below; scape entirely dark brown except for small apical yellow area on underside; pedicel dark brown and yellow; last flagellar segment rarely darker below than preceding segments, but if so, then only partially dark apically; pedicel and first flagellar seg¬ment about 15 times as wide as long. (8) Scutum shiny with punctures distinct, separated by less than their own diameters medially, slightly closer laterally, smaller and closer posteriorly; anterior margin roughened to finely rugose medially to rugose laterally. (9) Tegula more than 1.5 times as long as wide. (10) Scutellum shiny, coarsely punctate, punctures distinct but ir¬regular in size and spacing. (11) Pleuron rugose to rugosopunctate, coarsely areolate anteriorly. (12) Disc of propodeum longer than metanotum; outline of disc semicircular, posterior edge prominent, abruptly rounded medially, gradually rounded laterally; striae variable, usually moderately coarse, irreg¬ular or wavy, not quite reaching edge medially, attaining edge laterally; surface of disc beyond median striae coarsely roughened to smooth and shiny with minute reticulations; posterior vertical surface usually smooth and brilliant, or only weakly and irregularly roughened, upper part of pos¬terolateral corners minutely punctate to weakly roughened; lateral vertical surfaces roughened to rugose or finely areolate with weak horizontal rugae along anterior and ventral margins. (13) Legs with fore and hind coxae, trochanters and femora bright green, tibiae yellow-brown, usually darker centrally, hind tibia sometimes weakly reflecting green on inner surface; tarsi pale yellow; hind basitarsus with erect hairs along apical two-thirds of segment only, longer basally than apically; longest hairs about twice as long as width of segment, usually slightly curved at tips; basal third of segment without erect hairs; basal tuft short and sparse. (14) Metasomal terga green with apical margins usually narrowly brown; first tergum polished anteriorly with few, widely scattered fine punctures, smooth but less shiny dorsally, punctures denser, minute, separated by 1.5 times their diameters or less; sterna brown, first sternum with green reflections; fourth sternum emarginate apically. (15) Pubescence short, thick and white between an¬tennae and on paraocular areas, white on cheeks, venter of thorax and basal segments of legs; white to golden-white on clypeus, frons and vertex, dor¬sum of thorax, on tibiae and tarsi and metasoma. (16) Genital capsule, seventh and eighth sterna and eighth tergum of type 1 (Figs. 33, 40, 43). Comparisons. Although the range of persimilis overlaps that of four other species of Augochlorella, females intergrade only with form c of stri¬ata. There is no sure way of separating females of the two species where intermediates occur although the key will distinguish a majority. Males of the two species remain distinct and are readily distinguishable by the key characters. Both males and females of persitnilis may superficially resemble bracteata in size, coloration and often in characters of the propodeal disc. There is however, only slight overlap in ranges and the consistantly rougher thorax of persimilis effectively serves to distinguish the two species. Apart from bracteata and striata c, persimilis can be distinguished from the eastern species by its generally smaller size, smoother body and propodeal disc with rounded posterior edge and short medial striae. The males are distinguishable by the long hind basitarsal hairs (Fig. 50) although in Texas two male specimens of gratiosa were found that looked very similar to those of persimilis (see variation under gratiosa). The fourth metasomal sternum of the males is about as emarginate as that of gratiosa, so that any distinction is difficult to make, especially when the segments are telescoped.


Variation. Body color varies in persimilis from blue-green to golden or coppery-yellow. The metasoma is usually lighter in color than the head and thorax (it may be browner or yellower). The males are predominantly yellowish green throughout the range except in Arkansas, Virginia and Georgia where all individuals seen are coppery in color. In Kansas, where a large sample was available, 85% of the females are bright green, 14% yellow-green or coppery and 1% blue-green. More than half the specimens are yellow-green or coppery-green in Tennessee, North Carolina, Maryland, Texas, Arkansas, Indiana, Missouri, Minnesota and Virginia, but populations are predominantly bright green in Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska and Wiscon¬sin. About half the specimens are bright green in Louisiana and Oklahoma. In both males and females, the width of the head varies widely within any one area. When measurements were pooled for each sex, however, nor¬mal distributions were obtained with only a slightly skewed distribution in the case of males. The head width may be greater than, equal to or less than the length in the case of the males with only slight differences between width and length. In females the width is consistently greater than the length. Litde difference in size was found between populations from differ¬ent areas. In females, the average head width of field caught bees is greater during the spring (March, April, May) (Fig. 89) than during other months; at least throughout much of the range only queens are present in spring. During the rest of the season, both queens and workers are present. (See Ordway, 1965a, for discussion of size and caste data.) The length of the clypeus in females is about equal to the width giving the face a round appearance, especially in smaller individuals. The spacing and number of punctures on the clypeus are variable among individuals. Also, the extent of the brown color on the apical portion varies from about one-third to one-half the length. No regional trends were observed for either character. The supraclypeal area is always roughened in females and at least par¬tially so in males. The amount of punctation in this area is variable as is the degree of roughness. The paraocular areas are usually punctate near the lower ends of the eyes and finely rugose elsewhere. However, in about one percent of the females from throughout the range the roughness extends to the bases of the mandibles. The antennae of some males have the last flagellar segment slightly darker below than the preceding segments but the segment is only partially dark and the darkening is slight. The punctures of the scutum in females are rather constant in size but vary in respect to their spacing. The punctures are always distinct centrally but are closer toward the edges and the scutum may become rugose laterally and anteriorly. The amount of space between the central punctures varies; usually the punctures are close together with little space between, giving the surface a rather rough appearance. The surface looks smoother when the punctures are more widely spaced as in many of the specimens from Arkan¬sas and a few from Virginia. The anteromedial surface is finely lineolate or roughened. This roughening extends for varying distances along the median suture but is always evident at least at the anterior end of the suture. There is little variability in scuta of males. The scutellum in males and many females has punctures of various sizes and unequal spacing. In the females the scutellum may have distinct punc¬tures or the punctures may run together or the surface may be entirely rugose, with all conditions occurring in populations throughout the range. When the punctures are distinct in females, they are closer and smaller at the edges, becoming rugose along the posterior margin and along the medial line, usually being shallower and smaller than those on the scutum. In males the punctures may vary from widely spaced to crowded. There is little variation in the pleural region. Although the sculpturing of the mesepisternum and metepisternum is about equally coarse, the rugose patterns of the two areas are different. As in other eastern species the propodeal area is highly variable, yet in females, it remains the most diagnostic character available. The disc is longer than the metanotum in both sexes. Only 1 male out of about 50 measured was found with disc and metanotum equal in length [Illinois, 566, Hart Coll. (14*)]. In males the metanotum showed greater variation in length than the propodeum; in females, both structures varied in length. The shape of the margin of the disc and the lack of a V-shaped midapical depression is unvarying in all males. In 2 males out of about 300 examined, the usually thick posterior margin was thin, abruptly angulate and almost carinate [Indiana, Warren Co., VII-25-50 (16); Missouri, Tecumseh, VI-9-60 (25)]. In females the shape of the margin varies little and there is no V-shaped depression. Although the smooth, lineate, posterior part of the disc does extend onto the posterior surface in. the shape of a V, there is no median depression as is found in gratiosa or some striata. The posterior edge in fe¬males usually is thickened as in males, but may be very narrow, flat or in certain cases completely rounded so that there is no clear demarkation of the margin [Illinois, 16966 (14); Nebraska, Nebraska City, VIII-23-01 (28)]. The striae are extremely variable in both sexes although more so in females. Variation in males is limited chiefly to the thickness of the striae and to the amount of their separation. The striae in both males and females may be regular and straight or, more usually, at least partially wavy, branched or irregular. All grades of irregularity occur in the striae of females, but rarely are the striae straight and distinct in the central area, and in no case was a specimen found in which the striae were both thick and straight, and widely spaced as in the large striata c or Floridian striata A. Although the striae rarely exceed 80% of the length of the disc centrally, specimens may be found where they reach into the lineate region medially [Texas (38); Kan¬sas, Douglas Co. (20) etc.]. The lateral striae are nearly always rather straight and distinct in both males and females. Various types of "extreme" conditions appear periodically in females of' various populations. It is not feasible to cite them all, but they include forms without striae and with only fine roughening along the basal half of the disc [Kansas, Lawrence, VIII-3-58 (20); Wisconsin, Oshkosh, VIII-7-16 (47)], or with fine rugae running transversely a-nd joining with lateral striae [Kansas, Douglas Co., IX-5-53 (28); Missouri, Buffalo, VI-8-52 (20) ] or with striae so irregular that there is no linear quality at all [Illinois, Algonquin, VI-4-09 (14); Missouri, Big Spring St. Pk. (20) etc.]. The posterior surface of the propodeum of females may be shiny and smooth or slightly less brilliant and granular in nature. No specimen was seen with rugae on this area. Specimens from the east (Maryland, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia) are predominantly shiny and smooth; in other areas both conditions occur in about equal proportions. Three specimens were found in which the propodeal area was somewhat misshapen with the result that the posterior surface was "wrinkled looking," shiny and without the usual minute punctures [Arkansas, Jonesboro, VI-29-52 (20); Wisconsin, Oshkosh, VIII-7-16 (47); Nebraska, Nebraska City, VIII-23-01 (28)]. In males the posterior surface is usually very shiny and only slightly but variously roughened. This roughening may be in the form of shallow punctures which may or may not be distinct or may be merely unevenness of the surface. Two specimens, however, were found with very rough and somewhat duller posterior surfaces [Illinois, 32408 (14); Illinois, Willow Spr., VIII-12-05 (14)]. There is little variation in coloration of the legs in either males or females except for the intensity of green. This coloration seems to be correlated with the darkness of body coloration, the paler (yellower) individuals having less strongly green legs. Such variation occurs throughout the range. The length of the hairs on the hind basitarsus of the male is rather constant. Only one male was found where the long hairs were as short as one-half the width of the basitarsal segment and in this case they originated close to the basal tuft with somewhat less space separating the tuft and the hairs than is nor¬mal [Arkansas, Malvern, VI-15-58 (25)]. The metasoma shows the usual color variation of other body regions. The first sternum of the male is variously tinted with green. Some speci¬mens have the metallic nature barely visible [Louisiana, 2392 (9); several Minnesota specimens, etc.] whereas others are bright green or intermediate. In females the first sternum is not green although it may vary from light brown to dark brown and may be shiny and greenish but never metallic. One male was found in which the second tergum is granulose and simi¬lar to the third rather than punctate as is the first [Missouri, Buffalo, VI-8-52 (20)]. The third tergum is frequently punctate like the first in females. In females the second tergum may be similar either to the first or third or even occasionally intermediate [Indiana, Tippecanoe Co., VI-16-53 (16)]. Again, this variation appears to be individual rather than regional in nature. The color of pubescence in females varies regionally to a slight extent. In the eastern states (Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennes¬see, Louisiana) the ventral part of the metasoma and basal segments of the legs have golden rather than white hair. In the midwest (Oklahoma, Wis¬consin, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Texas, Arkansas) most specimens are paler below with the hairs on the basal leg segments white and on the venter white or golden-white, although, in Iowa, Indiana, Okla¬homa and Arkansas, individuals are variable so that all combinations can be found. One male was found that had all white pubescence [Illinois, "Air¬port Region" Peoria, VII-20-41 (14)]. On the male genital capsule, the inner lobe is variable and usually similar to that of striata. There is a tendency for the rounded portion to slope off sooner at each side of the apex, whereas in striata it is more broadly rounded. The finger-like process is variable in length although it is rarely as long as in gratiosa or striata.


Distribution. From the eastern Appalachian Mountains, Maryland to Georgia, westward to about the 97th parallel, from southeastern Minnesota and Wisconsin southward to northeastern Texas and Arkansas (Map: Fig. 90). Detailed data are omitted for areas where there are numerous localities (see Methods), but Figure 90 shows all localities.


Identification
Extracted from North-American Bees, and a new homopteron by Cockerell (1903).

Augochlora confusa coloradensis
The difference in the colour of the legs between this and A. confusa, mentioned by Titus, does not hold good; but coloradensis is un iformly smaller, and seems to be n. valid subspecies. Ilab. Mesilla Park, N. M" at flowers of Aster tenacetifoHus, May 20, 1 i (Martl'n D . Cockerell); Roswell, N. M., Aug. 21, at flowers of Euphorb£a marginata, botb sexes (1'. D. A. Cockerell). New to New Mexico. 1 have confused the Mesilla Valley females with A . neglectula, which is a very much bluer species. The male of neglectu la is very easily known from th at of coloradensis by the fourth ventral segment of abdo. men not being in the least emarginate, the darker and the very long antennre, and the legs black with metallic tints, not in the lest marked with pale yellow. '1'he region between the antellllte and the ocelli in male negleduia is a particularly fine deep blue, while the elypeus and 8upracly peal area are g reen. Tbe third and fOllrth antennal joiut.s (d') are dull black and extremely short, being broader than long, but tLey have also this sbape in coWradensis.

Names
Scientific source:

This species is now considered to be synonymous with Augochlorella striata. Changes to the guide were made on 6/13/2005


Supported by

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
A. newhart  623 @ JRYB__SHEN (33)
Adoxaceae  Viburnum @ AMNH_BEE (2); CUIC_ENT (1)
Anacardiaceae  Rhus copallina @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Rhus glabra @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Apiaceae  Coriandrum sativum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Daucus carota @ CUIC_ENT (1); UCMS_ENT (6)

Heracleum maximum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Zizia aurea @ AMNH_BEE (1); I_JSA (2)
Apocynaceae  Asclepias sp @ CUIC_ENT (1); UCMS_ENT (1)

Asclepias syriaca @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Aquifoliaceae  Ilex cassine @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Asteraceae  Achillea millefolium @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Achillea @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Aster laevis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Aster sp @ BBSL (1)

Aster @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Centaurea jacea @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Cichorium intybus @ CUIC_ENT (3); PN- (1)

Cirsium @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Conyza canadensis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Erigeron philadelphicus @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Erigeron pulchellus @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Erigeron sp @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Erigeron strigosus @ CUIC_ENT (11)

Erigeron @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Eupatorium maculatum @ AMNH_BEE (13)

Euthamia caroliniana @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Grindelia squarrosa @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Helianthus maximiliani @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Helianthus tuberosus @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Heliopsis scabra @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Hieracium caespitosum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Hieracium piloselloides @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Hieracium sp @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hieracium @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Hypochaeris radicata @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Leucanthemum vulgare @ CUIC_ENT (6); UCMS_ENT (1)

Pityopsis falcata @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Pityopsis graminifolia @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Pluchea odorata @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Rudbeckia hirta @ UCMS_ENT (1); CUIC_ENT (5)

Solidago canadensis @ AMNH_BEE (8)

Solidago nemoralis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Solidago rugosa @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (1)

Solidago sempervirens @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Solidago sp @ CUIC_ENT (65)

Solidago tenuifolia @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Solidago @ CUIC_ENT (4); UCMS_ENT (2)

Sonchus arvensis @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Tanacetum vulgare @ UCMS_ENT (8)

Taraxacum campylodes @ UCMS_ENT (3); CUIC_ENT (7)

Taraxacum officinale @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Tussilago farfara @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Vernonia fasciculata @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Bignoniaceae  Tecoma @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Boraginaceae  Echium vulgare @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Hydrophyllum virginianum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Brassicaceae  Barbarea vulgaris @ CUIC_ENT (15)

Erysimum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Raphanus raphanistrum @ UCMS_ENT (4)
C. smith  672 @ JRYB__SHEN (3)
Caprifoliaceae  Lonicera sp @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lonicera @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Clethraceae  Clethra alnifolia @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Convolvulaceae  Convolvulus arvensis @ PN- (1); UCMS_ENT (1)
Cornaceae  Cornus stolonifera @ CUIC_ENT (5)
Cucurbitaceae  Cucurbita @ UCMS_ENT (4)
Elaeagnaceae  Elaeagnus umbellata @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Ericaceae  Calluna vulgaris @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Lyonia ligustrina @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lyonia @ AMNH_BEE (25)

Vaccinium corymbosum @ AMNH_BEE (13)

Vaccinium sp @ CUIC_ENT (10); UCMS_ENT (2)

Vaccinium stamineum @ CUIC_ENT (3)
Fabaceae  Baptisia tinctoria @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Baptisia @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lotus corniculatus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Medicago sativa @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Melilotus officinalis @ UCMS_ENT (1); CUIC_ENT (24)

Trifolium hybridum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Trifolium pratense @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Trifolium sp @ CUIC_ENT (1)
G. cangialosi  915 @ JRYB__SHEN (12)
J. rykken  1007 @ JRYB__SHEN (4)

1028 @ JRYB__SHEN (7)

1029 @ JRYB__SHEN (26)

1031 @ JRYB__SHEN (4)

1037 @ JRYB__SHEN (34)

1064 @ JRYB__SHEN (3)

575 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

623 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

672 @ JRYB__SHEN (7)

715 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

755 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

808 @ JRYB__SHEN (2)

832 @ JRYB__SHEN (6)

857 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

873 @ JRYB__SHEN (3)

915 @ JRYB__SHEN (2)
K. kingsley  1057 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

1058 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

1059 @ JRYB__SHEN (7)

1062 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

1063 @ JRYB__SHEN (5)

1064 @ JRYB__SHEN (2)

1065 @ JRYB__SHEN (3)

1068 @ JRYB__SHEN (5)
Lamiaceae  Lycopus sp @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Origanum @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Prunella vulgaris @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Teucrium canadense @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Thymus serpyllum @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Lythraceae  Lythrum salicaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)
M.l. epps  808 @ JRYB__SHEN (3)
Malvaceae  Althaea officinalis @ UCMS_ENT (3)
Melianthaceae  Trillium grandiflorum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Ml. epps  773 @ JRYB__SHEN (11)

808 @ JRYB__SHEN (16)
N. rice  1031 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)
Nartheciaceae  Aletris farinosa @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Oleaceae  Ligustrum sp @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Onagraceae  Oenothera speciosa @ CUIC_ENT (3)
Oxalidaceae  Oxalis villosa @ BBSL (5)

Oxalis violacea @ AMNH_BEE (1)
P. clifton  672 @ JRYB__SHEN (28)
Pinaceae  Pinus hartwegii @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Plantaginaceae  Veronica officinalis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Plumbaginaceae  Limonium carolinianum @ UCMS_ENT (3)
Polygonaceae  Polygonum hydropiperoides @ AMNH_BEE (5)
Primulaceae  Lysimachia quadrifolia @ AMNH_BEE (12)
R. minor  773 @ JRYB__SHEN (11)

808 @ JRYB__SHEN (11)
Ranunculaceae  Ranunculus bulbosus @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Ranunculus sp @ UCMS_ENT (7); CUIC_ENT (8)
Rosaceae  Fragaria sp @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Fragaria virginiana @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Fragaria @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Malus @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Potentilla recta @ CUIC_ENT (13)

Potentilla sp @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Potentilla @ AMNH_BEE (2); CUIC_ENT (1)

Prunus armeniaca @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Prunus maritima @ AMNH_BEE (24)

Prunus sp @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Prunus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Pyrus sp @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Rosa rugosa @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Rubus flagellaris @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Rubus sp @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Rubus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Spiraea latifolia @ CUIC_ENT (2)
Salicaceae  Salix atrocinerea @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Salix humilis @ AMNH_BEE (29)

Salix @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Unplaced  Sericocarpus linifolius @ AMNH_BEE (1)

none 2005 @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Violaceae  Viola nuttallii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Viola rafinesquii @ AMNH_BEE (1)
_  Bee @ LAR (37)

M Spring @ PN- (1)

Withheld @ BBSL__CAVE (354)

apple @ NLA (3)

blueberry @ NLA (38)

caneberry @ NLA (67)

cucurbit @ NLA (67)

pond edge @ NLA (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following served from Image from Cedar Creek Natural History Area
   
Top | See original context

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Augochlorella aurata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Augochlorella aurata
Augochlorella aurata
Sweat Bee
ID: 1111 1111 2222 0652 [detail]
© 2005 Joyce Gross

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2017-10-22 11:41:11 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation